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Argentina, Brasil (SC, SP, MG, ES, GO, MT, PA, AM), Bolivia, Pereu, Guianas, Panama, Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico (Veracruz, Chiapas). Costa Rica: widespread in wet forest areas.
Regarding this species, Brown (1965) states:
T. rogenhoferi is the most widespread and by far the most often-collected species, being an inhabitant of rotten logs in forest. This species is common in the Amazon Basin, where I have seen nests of several hundred workers moving in file through the rot zone just beneath the bark of a log. I have examined several such aggregations in the field, but I was not able to find definite indications of the prey of these undoubtedly predaceous ants.
In Costa Rica I have collected rogenhoferi at La Selva Biological Station and adjacent slopes of Volcan Barba to 700m, Penas Blancas Valley, Monteverde, Guanacaste Conservation Area (Pitilla), Corcovado National Park. I commonly find colonies beneath loose bark on rotten wood, and have found lone queens in small chambers under epiphytes in old treefalls. In spite of its commonness in rotten wood, I rarely obtain workers in Winkler samples of sifted litter from the forest floor. This suggests that colonies and foragers are restricted to large pieces of rotten wood, not venturing out into the litter.
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1965. Contributions to a reclassification of the Formicidae. IV. Tribe Typhlomyrmecini (Hymenoptera). Psyche (Camb.) 72:65-78.
Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12:649-776.
|Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi||Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 27, (download)||27||21367|
|Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi||n. sp.||Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 737, (download)||737||4445|
Found most commonly in these habitats: 15 times found in montane wet forest, 15 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in Arboleda, 5 times found in cloud forest, 5 times found in mature wet forest, 1 times found in coffee finca, 3 times found in moist forest, 3 times found in mature rainforest, edge of forest near pasture and agricultural land, steep rocky terrain, 4 times found in tropical moist forest, 2 times found in tropical rainforest, with big trees, probably primary, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 26 times ex sifted leaf litter, 7 times Hojarasca, 1 times Hongos, 3 times under loose bark, 2 times rotten log, 3 times ex rotten log, 2 times under bark, 1 times Sobre Tronco podrido, 1 times nest in dead wood, 2 times flight intercept trap, 3 times under loose bark rotten wood, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 26 times search, 13 times MiniWinkler, 7 times maxiWinkler, 7 times Winkler, 7 times Mini Winkler, 4 times Malaise, 1 times Enjuague/hojas, 3 times Berlese, 2 times hand collecting, 2 times flight intercept trap, 1 times hand collection, ...
Elevations: collected from 5 - 1670 meters, 688 meters average
Collect Date Range: collected between 1934-05-27 and 2020-02-12
Type specimens: Nontype: casent0745144, casent0745145, casent0745146; not part of a type series: casent0915929; syntype of Centromyrmex sculpturatus: casent0915319; syntype of Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi robustus: casent0903806