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Species: Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi   Mayr, 1862 

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Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi Mayr, 1862 PDF: 737 (w.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated). Type-locality: Brazil: (no further data, “from the area of the river Amazon”) (no collector’s name). Type-depository: NHMW. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as rongenhoferi by Menozzi, 1927c PDF: 267.]
Status as species: Roger, 1863b PDF: 21; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 457; Mayr, 1887 PDF: 538; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 16; Forel, 1895b PDF: 111; Emery, 1896g PDF: 33; Forel, 1899b PDF: 2; Emery, 1906c PDF: 111; Emery, 1911e PDF: 34; Forel, 1912c PDF: 81; Bruch, 1914 PDF: 212; Mann, 1916 PDF: 403; Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 14; Borgmeier, 1923: 54; Wheeler, 1925a PDF: 2; Menozzi, 1927c PDF: 267; Menozzi, 1931b PDF: 261; Brown, 1957e PDF: 229; Kempf, 1961b PDF: 493; Brown, 1965c PDF: 74; Kempf, 1970b PDF: 325; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 256; Brandão, 1991 PDF: 383; Bolton, 1995b: 422; Wild, 2007b PDF: 27; Arias-Penna, 2008b PDF: 102; Lacau et al., 2008 PDF: 256 (redescription); Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012 PDF: 255; Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF: 111; Feitosa, 2015c PDF: 98; Feitosa & Prada-Achiardi, 2019 PDF: 678; Camacho et al., 2022 10.1093/isd/ixab026 PDF: 12.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Argentina, Brasil (SC, SP, MG, ES, GO, MT, PA, AM), Bolivia, Pereu, Guianas, Panama, Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico (Veracruz, Chiapas). Costa Rica: widespread in wet forest areas.


Natural History:

Regarding this species, Brown (1965) states:

T. rogenhoferi is the most widespread and by far the most often-collected species, being an inhabitant of rotten logs in forest. This species is common in the Amazon Basin, where I have seen nests of several hundred workers moving in file through the rot zone just beneath the bark of a log. I have examined several such aggregations in the field, but I was not able to find definite indications of the prey of these undoubtedly predaceous ants.

In Costa Rica I have collected rogenhoferi at La Selva Biological Station and adjacent slopes of Volcan Barba to 700m, Penas Blancas Valley, Monteverde, Guanacaste Conservation Area (Pitilla), Corcovado National Park. I commonly find colonies beneath loose bark on rotten wood, and have found lone queens in small chambers under epiphytes in old treefalls. In spite of its commonness in rotten wood, I rarely obtain workers in Winkler samples of sifted litter from the forest floor. This suggests that colonies and foragers are restricted to large pieces of rotten wood, not venturing out into the litter.


Brown, W. L., Jr. 1965. Contributions to a reclassification of the Formicidae. IV. Tribe Typhlomyrmecini (Hymenoptera). Psyche (Camb.) 72:65-78.

Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12:649-776.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 27, (download) 27 21367
Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi n. sp.  Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 737, (download) 737 4445

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 15 times found in montane wet forest, 16 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in Arboleda, 5 times found in cloud forest, 5 times found in mature wet forest, 1 times found in coffee finca, 3 times found in moist forest, 3 times found in mature rainforest, edge of forest near pasture and agricultural land, steep rocky terrain, 4 times found in tropical moist forest, 2 times found in tropical rainforest, with big trees, probably primary, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 26 times ex sifted leaf litter, 7 times Hojarasca, 3 times under loose bark, 2 times rotten log, 1 times Hongos, 2 times under bark, 1 times Sobre Tronco podrido, 3 times ex rotten log, 1 times nest in dead wood, 1 times nest beneath bark, 3 times Malaise trap, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 26 times search, 13 times MiniWinkler, 7 times maxiWinkler, 7 times Winkler, 7 times Mini Winkler, 4 times Malaise, 1 times Enjuague/hojas, 3 times Berlese, 2 times hand collecting, 2 times flight intercept trap, 1 times hand collection, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1670 meters, 683 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1934-05-27 00:00:00.0 and 2023-04-01 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Nontype: casent0745144, casent0745145, casent0745146; syntype of Centromyrmex sculpturatus: casent0915319; syntype of Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi robustus: casent0903806

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