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Genus: Typhlomyrmex   Mayr, 1862 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 11 valid species

Typhlomyrmex Mayr, 1862 PDF: 714 (diagnosis in key), 736. Type-species: Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

[Typhlomyrmex Gistel, 1856: 447, nomen nudum; see Wheeler, 1911c PDF: 858 and Brown, 1965c PDF: 66.]
Typhlomyrmex in Ponerinae: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 714 (in key) [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 15 [Poneridae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 16.
Genus Typhlomyrmex references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 21 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 457 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 15 (diagnosis); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 16 (catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 32, 33 (tribe, genus diagnoses, catalogue); Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 14 (Argentina species key); Wheeler, 1925a PDF: 3 (all species key); Brown, 1953a PDF: 104 (review of tribe); Brown, 1965c PDF: 66, 77 (review of tribe and genus, all species revision, key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 256 (catalogue); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1976b PDF: 48 (larvae, review & synthesis); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1985b PDF: 256 (synoptic classification); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 79 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1994: 164 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1053 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 16, 422 (catalogue); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 46, 176 (diagnosis, synopsis); Lacau et al., 2008 PDF: 250 (Colombia species key); Boudinot, 2015 PDF: 51 (male identification); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 145 (brief male diagnosis); Feitosa & Prada-Achiardi, 2019 PDF: 677 (Colombia species key); Camacho et al., 2022 10.1093/isd/ixab026 PDF: 12 (female diagnosis); Fernández et al., 2023 10.3897/jhr.96.103219 PDF: 590 (Colombia worker key).

Taxon Page Images:

One of the rarest ants in the United States is this Typhlomyrmex. This individual was seen and photographed by Alex Wild in the mountains of southern Arizona in 2005, but has not been collected elsewhere. The species remains unnamed and is the only member of the genus to be found north of Mexico. [specimen record at AntWeb.] Portal, Arizona, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.


Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi  Mayr, 1892. Sampled in area of Brazilian savannah (Cerrado) in the capital of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande. Image by Esperidião A. Santos-Neto. 

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, United States, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Typhlomyrmex   Brown, W. L., 1950, Morphological, taxonomic and other notes on ants., Wasmann Journal of Biology 8, pp. 241-250: 245, (download) 245 2360
Typhlomyrmex n. g.  Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 736, (download) 736 4445
Typhlomyrmex   Lacau, S., Villemant, C. & Delabie, J. H. C., 2004, Typhlomyrmex meire, a remarkable new species endemic to Southern Bahia, Brazil (Formicidae: Ectatomminae)., Zootaxa 678, pp. 1-23: 1-3, (download) 1-3 20353

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