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Species: Tetramorium solidum   Emery, 1886 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Tetramorium solidum Emery, 1886b PDF: 362, pl. 17, fig. 7 (w.q.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. Primary type information: Syntypes: SOUTH AFRICA: pinned workers, Cape of Good Hope, L. Peringueyi leg. (MHNG: CASENT0904840; RMCA). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Taxon Page Images:


Tetramorium solidum. Sevilla, Agter-Pakhuis, Cederberg, South Africa: 17 June 2016. Photos © by Philip Herbst; collection by Peter Slingsby

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Namibia, South Africa
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Emery, C., 1886, Alcune formiche africane., Bollettino della Societa Entomologica Italiana 18, pp. 355-366

10. Tetramorium solidumHNS n. sp.

[[ worker ]]. Picea, mandibulis, antennis, pedibus, excepta femorum parte media, rufescentibus, opaca, abdomine nitido, sparse pilosa et vix pubescens, pedibus pubescentibus; caput subquadratum, laminis frontalibus non ultra tertiam partem longitudinis suae extensis, longitudinaliter striato-rugosum, striis in occipite divergentibus, inter rugas subtilissime transverse rugulosum, mandibulis striatis, nigra marginatis, margine masticatorio denticulata, apice bidentata, antennis 12 - articulatis, clava 3 - articulata, reliquo flagello multo breviore; thorax sine tillo suturarian vestigio, antice obtuse mar-. ginatus, ibique maximam latitudinem habens, inde posterius sensim angustior, metanolo spinis robustis, subrectis, acutis, divergentious (fig. 7), supra longitudinaliter, lateribus densius oblique rugosus et subtilissime ruguloso reticulatus; petioli segmentant primum antice petiolatum, modo trapezoidea, postice truncato, transverse ruguloso et punctato: segmentum secundum transverse ovatum, ruguloso-punctatum; abdomen apice nitidum, basi subopacum, microscopice reticulatum. L. 3 1 / 2 - 4 mm.

[[ queen ]] Operariae quoad sculpturam et color em refert simillima, thorace lon-gitudinaliter striato, metanolo spinis validioribus et brevioribus. Alae hya-linae costis testaceis, stigmate brunneo L. 5 - 5 1 / 2, mm.

A prima giunta sembra un gigantesco T. caespitumHNS, alla quale specie rassomiglia pure per la scultura e per la forma del protorace: questo offre in avanti nn margine distinto, per cui il suo dorso e separato in avanti da una specie di collo, e guardato di sopra sembra avere in ciascun lato un angolo sporgente. L'assenza di qualsiasi traccia di suture sul torace, come pure le spine piu lunghe, la forma diversa del primo segmento del picciuolo che ha il nodo piu allungato d'avanti in dietro, rendono ben distinta la nuova specie.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in West Coast Strandveld, 1 times found in Fynbos, 2 times found in Cedarberg Sandstone Fynbos, 1 times found in Croplands, 2 times found in Bushmanland Arid Grassland, 1 times found in Cape Flats Dune Strandveld, Central Namib) times found in Desert (VEGTYPE.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times ground forager(s), 1 times under stone, 1 times soil.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times Hand collected, 2 times pooter.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 959 meters, 283 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Tetramorium solidum: casent0904840; type of Tetramorium solidum: focol2081



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