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Species: Tetramorium severini   (Emery, 1895) 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Xiphomyrmex severini Emery, 1895g PDF: 343 (w.) MADAGASCAR. Malagasy. Primary type information: MADAGASCAR, Diego Suarez, 1893, coll. C. Allaud; CASENT0102078; MSNG. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Tetramorium: Bolton, 1979 PDF: 138.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Madagascar
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Malagasy

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Bolton, B., 1979, The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World., Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 38, pp. 129-181

Tetramorium severini (Emery)HNS comb. n.

(Fig. 8)

Xiphomyrmex severini EmeryHNS, 1895 b: 343. Syntype workers, Madagascar: Diego-Suarez, 1893 (C. Alluaud) (MCSN, Genoa; MHN, Geneva) [examined].

Worker. TL 4.5, HL 1.06, HW 0.94, CI 89, SL 0.76, SI 81, PW 0.72, AL 1.30.

Mandibles smooth with scattered small pits. Anterior clypeal margin with a distinct median indentation, the median clypeal carina strongly developed. Frontal carinae long and strong, the extensions forming the upper border of the scrobe which is capable of holding the scape. Metanotal groove distinct with alitrunk in profile. Propodeal spines long and acute, the metapleural lobes low and rounded. Dorsum of head with spaced-out longitudinal rugae which tend to peter out as they approach the occipital margin, the spaces between the rugae with some fine, superficial puncturation. Dorsal alitrunk mostly unsculptured and shining, with scattered, very faint, low rugulae which are almost completely effaced. Pedicel and gaster unsculptured, smooth and shining. Dorsal surfaces of head and alitrunk with scattered fine, elongate hairs, which are also present on the gastral tergites behind the first; pedicel and first gastral tergite without hairs. Colour black or blackish brown, uniform or with the gaster slightly lighter in shade than the alitrunk.

In his original description Emery was of the opinion that this species was related to andreiHNS and latreilleiHNS but this has proved not to be the case as in both those species the mandibles are striate and the petiole nodes angular and sculptured, whereas in severiniHNS the mandibles are smooth and the petiole node is rounded and unsculptured, showing that the true affinities of severiniHNS lie with the members of the schaufussi-group and particularly with the small complex of species related to cognatumHNS in which gastral pilosity is lost from the first tergite. The four species included in this complex are discussed under cognatumHNS.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 124 times found in rainforest, 30 times found in montane rainforest, 8 times found in Low altitude rainforest, 3 times found in rainforest, transition to montane forest, 1 times found in degraded forest, 2 times found in disturbed forest pach next to tavy, 2 times found in montane forest, 1 times found in tropical dry forest, 1 times found in degraded rainforest, 1 times found in disturbed rainforest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 120 times ex rotten log, 11 times on low vegetation, 10 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 9 times ground forager(s), 1 times under tree bark, live tree, 1 times rotten wood, 2 times ex soil, 2 times ex rotten stick on ground, 1 times ex rot pocket above ground, 1 times under root mat on rock, 1 times sifted litter, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 8 times Malaise, 4 times MW 25 sample transect, 5m, 3 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 2 times MW 75 sample transect, 5,10m, 2 times 10 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 1 times pitfall trap, PF 50 traps, 11 cm dbh with water, soap, formalin, nonlinear placement, 1 times beating low vegetation, 1 times Malaise trap.

Elevations: collected from 12 - 1125 meters, 606 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype: casent0102078



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