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Species: Tetramorium setuliferum   Emery, 1895 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Tetramorium setuliferum Emery, 1895i PDF: 36 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. Primary type information: Syntypes: SOUTH AFRICA: 2 pinned workers, Orange Free State, Bethlehem, Weitzecker leg. (MSNG: CASENT0904839). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1910e PDF: 19 (q.); Arnold, 1917 PDF: 290 (m.).
Material of the nomen nudum Tetramorium squamiferum referred here by Wheeler, 1922: 903.
Senior synonym of Tetramorium cucalense (and its junior syonym Tetramorium triptolemus): Bolton, 1980 PDF: 250.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Emery, C., 1895, Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3 e mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64, pp. 15-56

T. setuliferumHNS, n. sp.

- [[ worker ]]. Robusta, ferruginea, opaca, superne nisi in clypeo et abdominis apice sine pilis erectis, setulis adpressis aurco-micantibus conspersa, capite longitrorsum subtiliter striata, lateribus angulisque posticis rotundatis, clypeo carinato, antice late emarginato, laminis frontalibus brevibus, divergentibus, mandibidis striatis, antennarum clava vix incrassata, reliquo flagello multo breviore, thorace longitrorsum ruguloso, haud marginato, suturis vix agnoscendis, metanoto spinis validis, rectis, acutis, inter spinas opaco, confertim punctato, abdominis pedunculi punctati segmento 1 ° cum nodo valido, superne antice truncato et utrinque angulato, 2 ° valde transverso, segmenti sequentis basi opaca, punctata, dimidio postico nitido. - Long. 3 3 / 4 - 4 1 / 3 mill. - Vrijburg, Bechuanaland.

La meme espece m'a ete envoyee en nombre de l'Etat d'Orange et du Basutoland par M. Weitzecker.

Se rapproche de T. solidumHNS par la forme de la tete et du corselet, mais bien distinct par sa sculpture et les petits poils plats, tout a fait couches et tres brillants, regulierement semes sur toute la surface dorsale de l'Insecte. Sur la tete, ces poils rayonnent autour d'un centre place sur le vertex. Les sutures du corselet sont presque entierement effacees, plus distinctes chez quelques exemplaires. Le 1 er segment du pedicule forme un n oe ud qui, vu de dessus, parait trapezoidal, plus large derriere, nettement tronque devant et formant des angles anterosuperieurs pointus; le 2 e segment est fortement transverse, au moins deux fois aussi large que long.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 34 times found in Grassland, 4 times found in miombo woodland, 5 times found in Heavily grazed grassland, 3 times found in Maize field, 2 times found in Protea - Tristachya Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 4 times found in Lydenburgia - Euclea Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 2 times found in Lydenburgia - Vitex Open Woodland on hillslope (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 4 times found in Olifantshoek Plains Thornveld, open woodland, 3 times found in Lydenburg Thornveld, 1 times found in tropical dry forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times leaf litter, 3 times ground forager(s), 1 times ground nest, 1 times ex soil, 1 times under stone.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 35 times Pitfall trap, 25 times Hand collected, 8 times Winkler, 4 times Pitfall trap, 5 days, 1 times Pitfall trap, 3 week, 1 times Hand, 1 times Hand collected, path near base of hill, 1 times general searching.

Elevations: collected from 26 - 2250 meters, 1207 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Tetramorium setuliferum: casent0904839; syntype of Tetramorium setuliferum cucalense: casent0915077, casent0915425, rmcaent000017786; syntype of Tetramorium setuliferum cucalensis: casent0917836; syntype of Tetramorium setuliferum triptolemus: casent0901177; type of Tetramorium setuliferum: focol2086, focol2087, focol2088



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