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Species: Strumigenys simoni   Emery, 1895 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Strumigenys simoni Emery, 1895i PDF: 42, pl. 2, fig. 21 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: holotype worker.Type-locality: South Africa, Limpopo, Makapan, I-IV.1893, coll. M.E. Simon; CASENT0102079.Type-depository: MSNG. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as simony by Hita Garcia et al., 2013 PDF: 216.].
Combination in Strumigenys (Trichoscapa): Santschi, 1913b PDF: 258 (in key).
Combination in Serrastruma: Brown, 1952e PDF: 82.
Combination in Pyramica: Bolton, 1999 PDF: 1673.
Status as species: Santschi, 1913b PDF: 258 (in key); Arnold, 1917 PDF: 380; Wheeler, 1922: 920; Emery, 1924f PDF: 324; Brown, 1952h PDF: 82 (redescription); Bolton, 1983 PDF: 350 (redescription); Bolton, 1995b: 383; Bolton, 2000: 318 (redescription); Hita Garcia et al., 2013 PDF: 216; Madl, 2019 PDF: 16.
Senior synonym of Strumigenys raymondi: Bolton, 1983 PDF: 350; Bolton, 1995b: 383; Bolton, 2000: 318.
Material of the unavailable name Strumigenys escherichi cognata obscuriventris referred here by Brown, 1952h PDF: 82; Bolton, 1983 PDF: 350; Bolton, 1995b: 383.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Malagasy
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical bioregion

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Emery, C., 1895, Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3 e mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64, pp. 15-56

Strumigenys SimoniHNS, n. sp.

- (Pl. 2, fig. 21). - [[ worker ]]. Testacea, reticulato-punctata, opaca, dorso pronoti nitido, abdominis segmento petioli 2 ° et sequente laevibus, nitidissimis. Caput elongatum, postice emarginatum, antrorsum angustatum, clypeo convexo, antice arcuato, mandibulis porrectis, margine masticatorio perlongo, a margine clypei ad apicem subrecto, minute denticulata, flagelli articulo 4 ° tribus praecedentibus una vix breviore. Thorax pro-mesonoto aequaliter convexo, metanoto basi depresso, spinulis brevibus, in carinas membranaceas descendentes productis armata. Abdominis petioli segmentum primum longe pedunculatum, nodo subgloboso, reticulato, secundum transverse ovatum, nitidum. - Long. 1 2 / 3 mill. - Makapan.

Appartient au groupe de S. clypeata Rog.HNS a cause de son epistome avance en arc et de ses mandibules a bord masticateur allonge et arme de petites dents. Cette espece est remarquable par la forme particulierement allongee des mandibules dont les dents sont excessivement petites et nombreuses, et qui forment, en avant de la tete, un long bec. Pour la forme de la tete, voir la figure 21. La tete, le mesonotum, le metanotum et le 1 er n oe ud du pedoncule sont couverts d'une ponctuation reticulee tres serree et entierement mats; le reste est luisant. L'abdomen proprement dit n'a pas de stries a la base. Les appendices membraneux du pedicule sont faiblement developpes. La tete porte de petits poils courbes, squamiformes; les longs poils en massue se trouvent seulement sur le pedicule et l'abdomen.

C'est la seule espece du genre qui ait ete decouverte jusqu'ici sur le continent africain.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 9 times found in rainforest, 13 times found in primary forest, 1 times found in closed riparian forest, 3 times found in dry forest, 1 times found in closed forest, 2 times found in montane rainforest, 1 times found in riparian forest, 7 times found in Savannah, 1 times found in miombo at base of inselberg, 1 times found in cashew/cultivated land, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 6 times sifted litter, 6 times ex rotten log, 5 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 3 times under stone, 5 times leaf litter, 1 times ex rotten stick on ground, 4 times ex soil, 7 times litter, 1 times Sifting, 1 times on low vegetation, 1 times nest under log, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 14 times Winkler, 1 times 10 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 1 times 2 Maxi Winks, 6 times Pitfall trap, 4 times Hand collected, 5 times Winkler Bag, 2 times Hand, 2 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 2 times Turning over rocks, 1 times Litter Sieving + Winkler, 1 times nw, pitfall trap 1-0, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 2080 meters, 392 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1911-11-01 and 2018-08-01

Type specimens: Holotype of Strumigenys raymondi: casent0102255; syntype of Strumigenys cognata: casent0917840; syntype of Strumigenys biconvexa: casent0912842; syntype of Strumigenys cognata: casent0912844; syntype of Strumigenys cognata boerorum: casent0912843; syntype of Strumigenys escherichi: casent0909331; syntype of Strumigenys escherichi cliens: casent0909332; syntype of Strumigenys escherichi limbata: casent0909333; syntype of Strumigenys escherichi fusciventris: casent0912845; type of Strumigenys cognata: focol2168



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