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Species: Strumigenys rogeri   Emery, 1890 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Strumigenys rogeri Emery, 1890c PDF: 68, pl. 7, fig. 6 (w.) VIRGIN IS (St Thomas I.). Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: holotype worker. Primary type locality: Virgin Is: St Thomas I. (no collector’s name). Primary type depository: MSNG. Primary type specimen: CASENT0102080. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1893j PDF: 378 (q.)
Status as species: Forel, 1893j PDF: 378; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 147; Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 129; Wheeler, 1908a PDF: 145; Wheeler, 1913b PDF: 496; Wheeler & Mann, 1914 PDF: 40; Donisthorpe, 1915f PDF: 341; Mann, 1920b PDF: 430; Emery, 1924f PDF: 322; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 393; Santschi, 1930e PDF: 80; Menozzi & Russo, 1930 PDF: 163; Santschi, 1931d PDF: 275; Smith, 1937 PDF: 856; Weber, 1952b PDF: 3; Brown, 1954k PDF: 20 (redescription); Brown, 1962c PDF: 249; Wilson & Taylor, 1967b PDF: 39; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 245; Alayo, 1974 PDF: 19 (in key); Bolton, 1983 PDF: 387 (redescription); Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF: 98; Dlussky, 1993b PDF: 62; Dlussky, 1994a: 54; Bolton, 1995b: 398; Dorow, 1996a PDF: 81; Deyrup, 1997 PDF: 4; Lattke & Goitía, 1997 PDF: 371 (in key); Bolton, 2000: 604 (redescription); Deyrup et al., 2000: 299; Wetterer, 2002 PDF: 129; Blard et al., 2003 PDF: 132; Deyrup, 2003 PDF: 47; Wetterer & Vargo, 2003 PDF: 417; Sosa-Calvo et al., 2006 PDF: 820; Wetterer, 2006 PDF: 415; Clouse, 2007b PDF: 228; Pfeiffer et al., 2011 PDF: 16; Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 133; Wetterer, 2012a PDF: 1; Bharti & Akbar, 2013b PDF: 392 (in key); Sarnat et al., 2013 PDF: 72; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 166; Ramage, 2014 PDF: 161; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 45; Wetterer et al., 2016 PDF: 19; Deyrup, 2017: 138; Booher et al., 2019 10.11646/zootaxa.4656.2.7 PDF: 355 (in key); Dekoninck et al., 2019 PDF: 1157; Lubertazzi, 2019 10.3099/MCZ-43.1 PDF: 181; Pérez-Pedraza & Fernández, 2019 PDF: 1086; Sarnat et al., 2019 10.1093/isd/ixz005 PDF: 40; Tang et al., 2019 10.3897/zookeys.831.31515 PDF: 37; Wang et al., 2022 10.20362/am.015006 PDF: 106.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Nigeria, Reunion, Seychelles, Tanzania, Uganda
    Americas: Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, United States, United States Virgin Islands
    Asia: Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
    Europe: Denmark, United Kingdom
    Oceania: Fiji, French Polynesia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical bioregion

Distribution Notes:

Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui and Hawaii


Natural History:

Brown and Wilson (1959) summarize the genus as follows:

"Widespread in tropics and warm temperate areas. Primarily forest-dwelling; some species occur in grassland and arid scrub. ... Nests mostly in soil and rotting wood; a few species live in arboreal plant cavities in tropical rain forest. Foraging hypogaeic to epigaeic-arboreal. Food: most species are collembolan feeders; a few are polyphagous predators or occasionally feed on sugary substances..."

Members of the genus are all predaceous, with a kinetic mode of attack (Bolton 1999).

rogeri is native to Africa but has spread, along with human commerce, to many parts of the globe. It occurs in Hawaii, Fiji, greenhouses in England and Scotland, Florida, and many islands in the Caribbean. In the mainland Neotropics, I know of records from Guyana and the ones reported here for Costa Rica. Nests are in and under dead wood on the ground. Workers preferentially prey on entomobryoid Collembola and Campodeidae, but also take a variety of other small arthropods (Brown 1954).

At La Selva Biological Station, rogeri occurs in leaf litter deep within mature rainforest. Thus, it appears to be one of the few exotics that can invade mature forest, rather than being restricted to synanthropic habitats.


Bolton, B. 1999. Ant genera of the tribe Dacetonini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Nat. Hist. 33:1639-1689.

Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini, with a revision of the Strumigenys species of the Malagasy Region by Brian L. Fisher, and a revision of the Austral epopostrumiform genera by Steven O. Shattuck. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 65:1-1028.

Brown, W. L., Jr. 1954. The ant genus Strumigenys Fred. Smith in the Ethiopian and Malagasy regions. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 112:3-34.

Brown, W. L., Jr. 1962. The neotropical species of the ant genus Strumigenys Fr. Smith: Synopsis and keys to the species. Psyche 69:238-267.

Brown, W. L., Jr., Wilson, E. O. 1959. The evolution of the dacetine ants. Quarterly Review of Biology 34:278-294.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Forel, A., 1893, Formicides de l'Antille St. Vincent. Récoltées par Mons. H. H. Smith., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1893, pp. 333-418

3. Strumigenys rogeri, EmeryHNS. (No. 26 c, 26 d, et 26 e).

[[ worker ]] [[ queen ]].

[[ worker ]]. L. 1, 2 a 2 mill, (avec lea mandibules). Emery a decrit par erreur la dent inferieure de l'extremite des mandibules comme bifide, tandis qu'en realite elle est simple.

[[ queen ]]. L. 2, 3 mill. D'un jaune un peu roussatre, a peine plus fonce que chez l'ouvriere. Ailes subhyalines, assez pubescentes. Courte, epaisse. Scutellum tres eleve au dessus de la face basalo du metanotum et un peu proeminent. Metanotum avec deux larges et courtes epines. Du reste comme l'ouvriere.

(26 c). Fitz-Hugh Valley (leeward), 500 ft. Nov. 4 th. Shady place, under rubbish (variety?).

(26 d). Wallilobo Valley (leeward), 500 ft.. Nov. 8 th. Shady place, at the roots of plants growing on a damp rock. A single female referred to this species.

(26 e). Upper Richmond Valley, 1200 ft.; forest by stream. Jan. 18 th. Nest under a stone. About 150 ants in a single small chamber.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 43 times found in rainforest, 8 times found in montane rainforest, 33 times found in palm forest, 22 times found in mixed forest, 17 times found in primary rainforest, 18 times found in forest, 18 times found in disturbed forest, 20 times found in lowland rainforest, 21 times found in mature wet forest, 11 times found in non native forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 44 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 49 times sifted litter, 63 times litter, 52 times ex sifted leaf litter, 24 times ex rotten log, 17 times Hojarasca, 16 times ex rotten stick on ground, 11 times under stone, 12 times sifting leaf litter, 6 times Leaf litter, 9 times ex sifted litter, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 123 times Winkler, 19 times 9 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 41 times L, 26 times MiniWinkler, 18 times Berlese, 3 times 4 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 18 times Mini Winkler, 11 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 2 times 2 Maxi Winks, 4 times H, 2 times hand collected, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1510 meters, 350 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1904-12-31 00:00:00.0 and 2022-05-22 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Not Provided: casent0171133, casent0185447, casent0185448, casent0185475, casent0185489, casent0185518, casent0185526, casent0185555, casent0185561, casent0185567, casent0185569, casent0185607, casent0185648, casent0185664, casent0185676, casent0185690, casent0185692, casent0185693, casent0185703, casent0185711, casent0185717, casent0185719, casent0185726, casent0185737, casent0185738, casent0185740, casent0185741, casent0185746, casent0185754, casent0185755, casent0185756, casent0185763, casent0185774, casent0185794, casent0185796, casent0185803, casent0185804, casent0185806, casent0185824, casent0185825, casent0185828, casent0185837, casent0185840, casent0185841, casent0185848, casent0185868, casent0185871, casent0185874, casent0185877, casent0185880, casent0185899, casent0185910, casent0185911, casent0185914, casent0185918, casent0185925, casent0185926, casent0185935, casent0185938, casent0185947, casent0185949, casent0185952, casent0185958, casent0185966, casent0185968, casent0185969, casent0185970, casent0185971, casent0185973, casent0185975, casent0185994, casent0185996, casent0185998, casent0186486, casent0186508, casent0248825, casent0735643, casent0741761, casent0741762, casent0741803, casent0741804, casent0741906, casent0741907, casent0741950, casent0741951, casent0741972, casent0742314, casent0742506, casent0742507, casent0748007, casent0753031, casent0753037; syntype of Strumigenys incisa: casent0915699; syntype of Strumigenys rogeri: casent0102080, casent0900597; syntype of Strumigenys sulfurea: casent0912862

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