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Species: Pseudoponera stigma   (Fabricius, 1804) 

Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Formica stigma Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 400 (q.) SOUTH AMERICA. Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: holotype(?) queen. Type-locality: none given, “Habitat in America meridionali Dom. Smidt. Mus. Dom. Lund”. Type-depository: ZMUC. Type notes: No indication of number of specimens is given. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Ponera: Roger, 1862c PDF: 288; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 450.
Combination in Trachymesopus: Wilson, 1958g PDF: 355; Kempf, 1960f: 424.
Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, 1995a: 310.
Status as species: Smith, 1858a PDF: 48; Roger, 1862c PDF: 288; Roger, 1863b PDF: 16; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 450; Emery, 1887f PDF: 434; Emery, 1890c PDF: 43; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 42; Emery, 1894l PDF: 49; Forel, 1895b PDF: 116; Emery, 1896g PDF: 53 (in key); Emery, 1897: 552; Forel, 1899b PDF: 15; Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 81; Emery, 1906c PDF: 114; Wheeler, 1907b PDF: 271; Forel, 1907d PDF: 5; Forel, 1908c PDF: 37; Wheeler, 1908a PDF: 124; Forel, 1909a PDF: 246; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 561; Wheeler, 1911b PDF: 168; Emery, 1911e PDF: 85; Forel, 1912d PDF: 39; Wheeler, 1913b PDF: 481; Wheeler, 1913e PDF: 239; Santschi, 1913h PDF: 35; Wheeler & Mann, 1914 PDF: 13; Mann, 1916 PDF: 415; Wheeler, 1916c PDF: 3; Wheeler, 1916f PDF: 323; Wheeler, 1917g PDF: 457; Luederwaldt, 1918 PDF: 35; Wheeler, 1919e: 302; Mann, 1920b PDF: 404; Mann, 1922 PDF: 8; Wheeler, 1922e PDF: 3; Borgmeier, 1923: 72; Wheeler, 1923a PDF: 2; Karavaiev, 1925b PDF: 127; Wheeler, 1925a: 6; Menozzi & Russo, 1930 PDF: 150; Smith, 1930a PDF: 2; Santschi, 1931d PDF: 267; Wheeler, 1932a PDF: 3; Menozzi, 1935b PDF: 191; Wheeler, 1935g: 12; Wheeler, 1936c PDF: 195; Smith, 1937 PDF: 824; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 46; Smith, 1951c PDF: 786; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 66; Smith, 1958c PDF: 111; Wilson, 1958g PDF: 355; Kempf, 1960f: 428; Kempf, 1961b PDF: 496; Wilson, 1962c PDF: 14; Smith, 1967a PDF: 347; Wilson & Taylor, 1967b PDF: 22; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 251; Alayo, 1974 PDF: 7 (in key); Taylor, 1976a: 78; Smith, 1979: 1340; Taylor, 1987a PDF: 80; Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF: 93; Dlussky, 1994a: 53; Bolton, 1995b: 310; Xu, 1995b PDF: 104 (in key); Deyrup et al., 2000: 295; Wild, 2003 PDF: 15; Deyrup, 2003 PDF: 45; Lin & Wu, 2003: 68; Wetterer & Vargo, 2003 PDF: 417; Wild, 2007b PDF: 40; Clouse, 2007b PDF: 269; Mackay et al., 2008 PDF: 197; Terayama, 2009 PDF: 104; MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 518 (redescription); Zhou & Ran, 2010: 109; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012 PDF: 263; Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 160; Wetterer, 2012b PDF: 39; Sarnat et al., 2013 PDF: 73; Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF: 125; Feitosa, 2015c: 99; Wetterer et al., 2016 PDF: 16; Deyrup, 2017: 32; Fernández & Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 542; Lubertazzi, 2019 10.3099/MCZ-43.1 PDF: 167.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela
    Asia: Indonesia, Philippines
    Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Micronesia, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Nearctic, Neotropical bioregions

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 26 times found in disturbed forest, 16 times found in tropical rainforest, 12 times found in wet forest, 12 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 12 times found in rainforest, 12 times found in secondary forest, 10 times found in mature wet forest, 3 times found in forest, 9 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, isolated peak with oak trees, 5 times found in primary rainforest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 60 times Ex sifted leaf litter, 29 times Malaise trap, 7 times Hojarasca, 1 times dead log, 6 times beating vegetation, 2 times nest in rotten log, 5 times at bait, 5 times ex sifted litter, 4 times litter, 4 times leaf litter, 3 times under bark, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 57 times M, 24 times search, 31 times Winkler, 32 times MiniWinkler, 32 times Berlese, 8 times hand collecting, 13 times MaxiWinkler, 5 times H, 6 times Malaise, 6 times direct collection, 6 times Beating, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1520 meters, 298 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1935-09-27 and 2020-01-10

Type specimens: Holotype of Euponera sexdentatus: casent0902506; Holotype of Ponera quadridentata: casent0901361; not part of a type series: Euponera nixoni: casent0922570; Not Provided: casent0171132, casent0186000, casent0186016, casent0186020, casent0186026, casent0186031, casent0186038, casent0186040, casent0186041, casent0186042, casent0186047, casent0186049, casent0186054, casent0186063, casent0186071, casent0186123, casent0186130, casent0186133, casent0186134, casent0186144, casent0186159, casent0186163, casent0186165, casent0186170, casent0186176, casent0186186, casent0186195, casent0186197, casent0186199, casent0186212, casent0186213, casent0186231, casent0186232, casent0186233, casent0186247, casent0186255, casent0186257, casent0186260, casent0186269, casent0186298, casent0186304, casent0186312, casent0186329, casent0186335, casent0186347, casent0186386, casent0186393, casent0186396, casent0186427, casent0186430, casent0186431, casent0186443, casent0194661, casent0194662, casent0194663, casent0194664, casent0194665, casent0194666, casent0194667, casent0194668, casent0194669, casent0194670, casent0194671, casent0194672, casent0194673, casent0194674, casent0194675, casent0194676, casent0194677; paratype of Euponera sexdentatus: casent0902507; syntype of Euponera brunneus: castype06938, casent0902508; syntype of Euponera sexdentatus: castype06976; syntype of Ponera americana: casent0915673; syntype of Ponera stigma attrita: casent0902509; syntype of Ponera stigma attrita: casent0907287; type of Ponera myopa: focol1005, focol1006, focol1007

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