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Species: Pseudoponera cognata   (Emery, 1896) 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Ponera cognata Emery, 1896g PDF: 56 (w.q.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: lectotype worker (by designation of MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 252). Type-locality: lectotype Costa Rica: Jiménez (A. Alfaro). Type-depository: USNM. Secondary type information: Paratype-material: 1 paralectotype queen. Paratype-locality: paralectotype Costa Rica: Suerre (A. Alfaro). Paratype-depository: MCZC. Type notes: Other original syntypes (number not stated) are in MSNG. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 252.
Combination in Trachymesopus: Kempf, 1960f: 423.
Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, 1995a: 304.
Status as species: Forel, 1899b PDF: 16; Emery, 1911e PDF: 85; Menozzi, 1931b PDF: 261; Menozzi, 1935b PDF: 191; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 251; Bolton, 1995b: 304; MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 252 (redescription).
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 52 times found in mature wet forest, 42 times found in montane wet forest, 14 times found in tropical wet forest, 7 times found in rainforest, 7 times found in lowland rainforest, 4 times found in tropical rainforest, 4 times found in CES (700.350 GIS), 1 times found in SSA, 5 times found in tropical rainforest, with big trees, probably primary, 1 times found in Primary wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 79 times ex sifted leaf litter, 31 times Hojarasca, 4 times sifted litter, 1 times in rotten log with loose bark, 3 times Malaise trap, 1 times in rotten wood, 1 times ex rotten log, 1 times under loose bark, 1 times under bark of fallen tree, 1 times OTS 93-1 student project, K. Schultz, nests in Lecythis pods on ground, pod #601, 2 times nest in log, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 64 times miniWinkler, 15 times Winkler, 23 times Mini Winkler, 8 times search, 12 times MaxiWinkler, 9 times Berlese, 7 times Malaise, 4 times Search & Berles, 4 times flight intercept trap, 2 times hand collecting, 1 times 6L sifted litter, extracted in Winkler sack over ~18 hours, ...

Elevations: collected from 50 - 1120 meters, 289 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1895-07-01 and 2015-06-13

Type specimens: cotype: jtl021902; syntype of Pachycondyla caognata: casent0903943; syntypes: jtl020436

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