Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)
Prionopelta punctulata subsp. antillana Forel, 1909a PDF
: 239 (w.) ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (St. Vincent I.). Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: lectotype worker (by designation of Ladino & Feitosa, 2020 https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4821.2.1 PDF
: 221). Type locality: St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Vincent Island (H.H. Smith
). Type-depository: ZMUC. Type-specimen: lectotype CASENT0102529 (the top individual of a pin with 2 workers). Secondary type information: Paratype-material: 2 paralectotype workers (by designation of Ladino & Feitosa, 2020 https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4821.2.1 PDF
: 221). Paratype-locality: same as for lectotype. Paratype-depositories: MCZ, ZMUC. Paratype-specimen: paralectotype MCZ20385. Type notes: Syntypes from the original type-series (“Antilles: St Vincent (H.H. Smith
)”) are probably also present in MHNG. AntCat AntWiki HOL
Status as species: Brown, 1960a
: 177, 218 (in key); Kempf, 1961b PDF
: 489; Smith, 1967a PDF
: 346; Kempf, 1972b PDF
: 210; Smith, 1979
: 1335; Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF
: 93; Bolton, 1995b
: 365; Deyrup et al., 2000
: 294; Deyrup, 2003 PDF
: 46; Wild, 2007b PDF
: 23; Arias-Penna, 2008a PDF
: 49; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012 PDF
: 253; Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF
: 107; Feitosa, 2015c
: 97; Deyrup, 2017
: 14; Fernández et al., 2019 PDF
: 507; Ladino & Feitosa, 2020 https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4821.2.1 PDF
: 221 (redescription).
Distribution: Geographic regions
(According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists): Americas: Argentina
, Costa Rica
, French Guiana
, Saint Lucia
, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
, Trinidad and Tobago
, United States
, Venezuela Biogeographic regions
(According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists): Nearctic
, Neotropical Native to
(according to species list records):
United States (Florida), Caribbean, tropical South America. Paraguay: Alto Paraná, Amambay, Canindeyú.
Longino notes, 8 Aug 2020: Everyone has had a confused notion of species boundaries in this group until the revision of Ladino & Feitosa (2020). Up until 2013 I conflated P. dubia and P. amabilis, and from then until now I misidentified P. dubia as P. amabilis and P. amabilis as P. antillana. Currently there are no confirmed records of P. antillana from Central America.
Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)
Treatment Citation: Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55
antillana ForelHNS 1909.
Alto Paraná, Amambay, Canindeyú (ALWC, BMNH, IFML, INBP, LACM, MHNG).
Specimen Habitat Summary
Found most commonly in these habitats: 58 times found in Big Scrub Camp area, Quercus geminata thicket, 8 times found in Rainforest, 3 times found in Bamboo forest, 1 times found in deciduous forest, 1 times found in rock savana, 2 times found in wet trop. forest, 1 times found in forest, 1 times found in La Esperanza, Bosque Semi decíduo, 1 times found in Narrow strip of riparian forest, surrounded by steep pastures, 1 times found in quercus geminata thicket, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 7 times ex sifted leaf litter, 3 times under stone, 3 times Sifted litter, 2 times in soil, 1 times under rotten log, 1 times sifted litter, soil, and sticks, 1 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times ex rotten log, 1 times Ex hojarasca.
Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times hand collection, 7 times Winkler, 2 times search, 2 times berlese funnel, 1 times M. Winkler, 1 times Berlesate, 1 times Berlese.
Elevations: collected from 19 - 1169 meters, 409 meters average
Collect Date Range: collected between 1962-08-22 and 2018-08-30
Type specimens: syntype of Prionopelta marthae: casent0902630
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