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Species: Polyrhachis (Myrma) militaris   (Fabricius, 1782) 

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See Also:

Polyrhachis militaris_nr

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Formica militaris Fabricius, 1782: 493 (q.) "TROPICAL AFRICA". Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Smith, 1858a PDF: 72 (m.); Mayr, 1866b PDF: 886 (w.).
Combination in Myrma: Billberg, 1820: 104.
Combination in Polyrhachis: Smith, 1858a PDF: 72.
Status as species: Fabricius, 1787 PDF: 310; Gmelin, 1790 PDF: 2802; Olivier, 1792: 499; Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 362; Latreille, 1802a PDF: 124; Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 414; Latreille, 1817a: 97; Billberg, 1820: 104; Smith, 1858a PDF: 72; Roger, 1863b PDF: 6; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 445; Mayr, 1866b PDF: 886 (redescription); Forel, 1879a PDF: 119; Forel, 1886h PDF: 194; André, 1887 PDF: 287 (in key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 265; Mayr, 1893b PDF: 197; Emery, 1894j: 47; André, 1895a PDF: 1; Mayr, 1895 PDF: 154; Mayr, 1896 PDF: 252; Emery, 1896j PDF: 379 (in list); Forel, 1907d PDF: 38; Forel, 1907h PDF: 16; Mayr, 1907b PDF: 22; Forel, 1909b PDF: 73; Stitz, 1910: 150; Forel, 1911f PDF: 372; Forel, 1913f PDF: 672; Forel, 1913i PDF: 357; Wheeler, 1922: 260, 997; Arnold, 1924 PDF: 746; Santschi, 1924b PDF: 222 (in key); Emery, 1925d PDF: 199; Wheeler, 1925b PDF: 3; Santschi, 1937b PDF: 104; Menozzi, 1942a PDF: 182; Eidmann, 1944 PDF: 469; Bernard, 1953b PDF: 264; Bolton, 1973b PDF: 313 (redescription); Bolton, 1995b: 352; Dorow, 1995 PDF: 36; Hita Garcia et al., 2013 PDF: 207; Rigato, 2016 10.11646/zootaxa.4088.1.1 PDF: 31.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Bolton 1973b


Caste of types: (q)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Polyrhachis militaris   Forel, A., 1909, Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 53, pp. 51-73: 73, (download) 73 4018
Polyrhachis militaris   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 64, (download) 64 3923
Polyrhachis militaris   Mayr, G., 1895, Afrikanische Formiciden., Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 10, pp. 124-154: 154, (download) 154 4387
Polyrhachis militaris   Mayr, G., 1866, Diagnosen neuer und wenig gekannter Formiciden., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 16, pp. 885-908: 886, (download) 886 4366

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 26 times found in rainforest, 8 times found in primary forest, 5 times found in coastal lowland rainforest, 3 times found in mature wet forest, 3 times found in tropical wet forest, 2 times found in riparian moist forest, 2 times found in Frag. degr. For., 2 times found in Disturbed forest fragment, 2 times found in Tropical forest, 2 times found in montane forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times Canopy cover 80%, 2 times rotten log, 2 times nest in live tree cavity, 3 times undergrowth, low canopy in forest, 3 times on low vegetation, 1 times ex Malaise trap, 1 times nest beneath termite mound on ground, 2 times ground forager(s), 1 times ex. log, 1 times ex rot pocket above ground, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 7 times Hand, 5 times search, 6 times pitfall trap, PF bucket, 5 times Hand collected, 3 times hand collecting, 5 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 2 times Canopy fogging, 3 times Beat 25 sample transect, 10m, beating low vegetation, 3 times Pitfall trap, 4 times EC31 yellow pan trap, 2 times sweep, ...

Elevations: collected from 35 - 1900 meters, 705 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1892-06-01 and 2019-01-09

Type specimens: syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens nkomoensis: casent0910909; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris bruta: casent0912127, casent0912128; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris calabarica: casent0910907; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens: casent0910906; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens pleurata: casent0912129; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens sankisiana: casent0910910; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris ssibangensis: casent0910918; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris striativentris: casent0905628; type of Polyrhachis (Myrma) militaris cupreopubescens var. nkomoensis: focol2571; type of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens var. argentatus: focol2569, focol2570

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