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Species: Pheidole longiscapa   Forel, 1901 

Download Data


Zhou & Zheng, 1999

See Also:

Pheidole longiscapa_nr

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Pheidole longiscapa Forel, 1901j PDF: 358 (s.w.m.) VENEZUELA. Neotropic. Primary type information: Venezuela, Carabobo: Puerto Cabello (Forel) [MHNG, unique specimen identifier CASENT0908185]. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Senior synonym of Pheidole martensis: Wilson, 2003A: 205.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guyana, Nicaragua, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Nicaragua south to Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname; Puerto Rico. Costa Rica: Atlantic and southern Pacific lowlands.


Generally occurs in open, highly disturbed areas; generalized forager; nests in ground.


J. Longino, 19 Apr 2014: May be sr. syn. of P. cocciphaga Borgmeier.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole longiscapaHNS Forel

Pheidole longiscapaHNS Forel 190lj: 358. Syn.: Pheidole longiscapa r. martensisHNS Forel 1914c: 615, n.syn. ; Pheidole longiscapa r. martensis var. scabroccipitutHNS Forel 1914c: 615, unavailable name (quadrinomial).

Types Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve.

Etymology L longiscapaHNS, long-stemmed, referring to the antennal scapes.

Diagnosis a member of the diligensHNS group close to rochaiHNS and less so to cocciphagaHNS and other species listed above and under the Diagnosis of rochaiHNS, distinguished as follows.

Major: reddish yellow; scape exceeds occipital corner by 2.5X the maximum scape width; mesonotal convexity in side view prominently and symmetrically convex; occipital cleft shallow; petiolar and postpetiolar dorsa foveolate and opaque. Minor: propodeal spine thin, needle-like; occiput narrow, with nuchal collar. Measurements (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.98, HL 1.00, SL 0.92, EL 0.18, PW 0.52. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.48, HL 0.62, SL 0.82, EL 0.14, PW 0.34. color Major: concolorous reddish yellow.

Minor: body light yellowish brown, appendages medium to dark yellow.

Range Known from the type locality and from Santarem, Taperinha, Para (R. L. Jeanne).

Biology The type colony was found by Forel nesting in soil beneath a bush.

figure Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. VENEZUELA: Puerto Cabello, Carabobo (Auguste Forel). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 12 times found in montane wet forest, 4 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 1 times found in rock savana, 1 times found in SSA 3400, 2 times found in mature wet forest, 1 times found in wet forest/lab clearing, 2 times found in lowland rainforest, 1 times found in roadside, 1 times found in tropical rainforest, old second growth, 1 times found in coastal dry scrub, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times ex sifted leaf litter, 7 times Sobre Vegetacion, 2 times nest in soil, 1 times nest in base Pitcairnia, 1 times Primary forest, 2 times at bait, 1 times rotting wood, 1 times beating veg., 1 times at bait on ground, 1 times pheidole; recent roadcut vicinity GIS 1800,-1400. Scattered workers on roadbank., 1 times nocturnal foragers, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 5 times search, 5 times Malaise, 3 times miniWinkler, 7 times Sweeping, 1 times Lure/Bait, 2 times baiting, 1 times maxiWinkler, 1 times beating, 1 times bait.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1510 meters, 223 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype of Pheidole longiscapa: casent0908185; paralectotype Pheidole longiscapa: jtlc000016434, jtlc000016435; syntype of Pheidole longiscapa: casent0908186, casent0917775; syntype of Pheidole longiscapa martensis: casent0908183, casent0908184; syntype of Pheidole longiscapa martensis scabrocciput: casent0908187, casent0908188

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