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Southern Mexico (Chiapas) to Ecuador, across northern South America to French Guiana. Colombia (type locality), Panama (type locality of subspecies oxymora).
This species occurs in mature wet forest; nests in dead wood in the low arboreal zone; forages in the leaf litter and at extrafloral nectaries.
COI records on BOLD show a clade of four clusters: 1 from Central America, 2 from Ecuador, 1 from French Guiana.
Types Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve.
Etymology Named after A. and C. Gauthier of Colombia, who assisted Forel in his itinerary.
Major: propodeal spines as long as basal face of propodeum; occiput smooth and shiny; smaller patch of rugoreticulum present laterad to each antennal fossa; loose rugoreticulum present on anterior half of pronotal dorsum but absent on posterior half; postpetiole spinose.
Minor: occiput, sides of head, and entire dorsum of mesosoma rugoreticulate, and almost all of remainder of head and mesosoma variously rugulose or carinulate; propodeal spines as long as basal face of propodeum; occiput narrowed but lacking a nuchal collar. Measurements (mm) Major (Panama): HW 2.04, HL 2.12, SL 0.86, EL 0.20, PW 0.94. Lectotype minor: HW 0.80, HL 0.81, SL 0.86, EL 0.16, PW 0.54. Color Major: concolorous light reddish brown.
Minor: head and mesosoma light reddish yellow; waist, gaster, and appendages clear dark yellow.
Range I have seen material from Guatemala (Tikal), Costa Rica (Osa Peninsula), Panama (localities in the Canal Zone), and Colombia. J. T. Longino (1997) reports it from both the Atlantic and Pacific lowlands of Costa Rica.
Biology In Costa Rica Longino (1997) found gauthieriHNS in mature wet forest, nesting in dead wood in the low arboreal zone and foraging in the leaf litter and at extrafloral nectaries. A winged queen was present in a nest on Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 27 June (W. M. Wheeler).
Found most commonly in these habitats: 9 times found in tropical rainforest, 4 times found in mature wet forest, 4 times found in 2nd growth forest, 1 times found in primary forest, 4 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in mature and second growth wet forest, 1 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in tropical rainforest, some big trees, 1 times found in tropical wet forest, 1 times found in 2º tropical rainforest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 14 times at bait, 7 times ex sifted leaf litter, 2 times nest, 1 times in dead branch, 1 times nocturnal strays, 2 times d' épine de Xanthoxylon, 1 times On Passiflora vitifolia new growth., 1 times ex sifted litter, rotten wood, 1 times Ex sifted leaf litter..
Collected most commonly using these methods: 11 times baiting, 3 times search, 6 times miniWinkler, 4 times bait, 3 times Winkler, 1 times pan trap.
Elevations: collected from 10 - 600 meters, 148 meters average