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Species: Pheidole daphne   Wilson, 2003 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Pheidole daphne Wilson, 2003A: 404, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica: Atlantic lowlands.


Natural History:

This species is arboreal, in mature lowland rainforest.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole daphneHNS new species

Types INBio.

Etymology Named after Daphne, the nymph in classical mythology who was changed into a laurel tree (reference to the arboricolous habits of the species).

diagnosis A medium-sized, distinctively bicolorous member of the flavensHNS group, similar to the widespread species bilimekiHNS, differing in the major by the laterally angulate (as opposed to spinose) postpetiolar node, limited shagreening on the first gastral tergite, and color (see below); and in the minor by the completely smooth and shiny first gastral tergite. Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.90, HL 0.90, SL 0.50, EL 0.12, PW 0.42. Paratype minor: HW 0.46, HL 0.56, SL 0.46, EL 0.08, PW 0.30.

color Major: head and appendages clear medium yellow, except for an ill-defined light brown circular spot in center of head

capsule dorsum; rest of body (mesosoma, waist, gaster) light brown.

Minor: head and gaster light brown, rest of body and appendages medium to dark yellow.

Range The Atlantic lowlands of Costa Rica (Longino 1997).

Biology Colonies of daphneHNS are arboricolous, and as such have been collected by insecticidal fogging and Malaise trapping in lowland rainforest (Longino 1997).

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COSTA RICA: La Selva Biological Station, near Puerto Viejo, Heredia, 50-150 m (J. T. Longino). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 9 times found in CCL 700m., 3 times found in La Selva, 5 times found in Entre SHO y SSE, 1 times found in CCL 400, 1 times found in Trampa 2, 4 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in SSE at GIS 1200., 2 times found in Sura 700m, 2 times found in CC 1250, 1 times found in wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times One of the ALAS malaise trap samples., 2 times copa de árbol, 1 times ex Sacoglottis trichogyna (Humiriaceae), 1 times bajo de M/03.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 31 times Fogging, 13 times Malaise, 1 times flight intercept trap.

Elevations: collected from 50 - 300 meters, 57 meters average

Type specimens: holotype major Pheidole daphne: inbiocri001226375; Paratype Pheidole daphne: inbiocri001223089, inbiocri001223535, inbiocri001225372, inbiocri001226387, inbiocri001230949, inbiocri001231267, inbiocri001236837, inbiocri001236846, inbiocri001259301, inbiocri001265640, inbiocri001265641, inbiocri001265653, inbiocri001265864, inbiocri001265873, inbiocri001265886, inbiocri001276435, inbiocri001276438, inbiocri001279509, inbiocri001279557, inbiocri001279616

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