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Species: Pheidole cerina   Wilson, 2003 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Pheidole cerina Wilson, 2003a: 395, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica: mid-elevation Atlantic slope.


Natural History:

This species occurs in mature wet forest, nests in the soil or under stones, and forages in or on forest floor leaf litter.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole cerinaHNS new species

Types INBio.

etymology L cerinaHNS, wax-colored, yellowish, referring to the color.

Diagnosis a relatively large species for the flavensHNS group, with yellow to brown major and minor. Similar to amabilisHNS of Costa Rica but differing in the major in the reduced propodeal spines, which point posteriorly (versus vertically in amabilisHNS); in the well-developed mesonotal convexity, in the longer cephalic carinulae; in the more extensive carinulae of the pronotal dorsum; and in much longer antennal scapes of the minor (SL/HW 1.14, versus 1.0 in amabilisHNS). P. cerinaHNS, in the major mesonotal convexity and longer minor scapes, appears intermediate between the flavensHNS and punctatissimaHNS groups.

See also the less similar grexHNS, mixtecaHNS, and morelosanaHNS.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.14, HL 1.74, SL 0.64, EL 0.16, PW 0.56. Paratype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.50, SL 0.50, EL 0.06, PW 0.30.

Color Major: body, mandibles, and antennae concolorous reddish yellow, legs medium yellow.

Minor: concolorous light-medium yellow. I have also seen two dark series from the type locality, with medium brown bodies and yellow appendages.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology Three series for which data are available come from litter samples taken in wet forest.

figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COSTA RICA: Rio Penas Blancas, Alajuela, lO0!0^ 84A°43 W, 800 m (J. T. Longino). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 29 times found in mature wet forest, 22 times found in montane wet forest, 12 times found in wet forest, 2 times found in mature cloud forest, 6 times found in cloud forest, primary, near ridgetop, 2 times found in cloud forest, 4 times found in cloud forest, primary, along steep ridge near peak.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 34 times ex sifted leaf litter, 19 times Hojarasca, 10 times at bait, 3 times nest in soil, 2 times nest in clay bank, 1 times under stone, 2 times nest under stone, 1 times in soil mound, 1 times wet forest at night; under stone, 1 times sifted litter, 1 times ex sifted litter, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 26 times miniWinkler, 9 times search, 19 times Mini Winkler, 9 times Winkler, 5 times bait, 6 times baiting, 2 times Malaise, 1 times maxiWinkler.

Elevations: collected from 500 - 1280 meters, 761 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1986-07-14 and 2020-02-15

Type specimens: holotype major Pheidole cerina: inbiocri001282148; paratype Pheidole cerina: inbiocri001282114, inbiocri001282146, inbiocri001282147, inbiocri002279596

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