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Species: Pheidole brachyops   Wilson, 2003 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Pheidole brachyops Wilson, 2003a: 382, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica: northwestern lowlands.


Natural History:

Known from tuna baits in the "bosque humedo" at Santa Rosa National Park, and from roadside vegetation near Lagartos, on the road to Monteverde.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole brachyopsHNS new species

Types INBio.

Etymology Gr brachyops, short eyes, referring to the proportionately small eyes of the major.

diagnosis A large, yellow member of the flavensHNS group distinguishable as follows.

Major: proportionately small eyes and propodeal spiracles; short clypeus; deep concave cleft of occipital border in full-face view; bilobed profile of promesonotum in dorsal-oblique view; dense and full rugoreticulum between eye and antennal fossa; smooth posterior two-thirds of head dorsum; completely carinulate dorsad of pronotum; dense, long pilosity.

Minor: head and body almost completely smooth; propodeal spiracle tiny; propodeal spine thin, almost needle-like in side view. See also the somewhat similar arhuacaHNS, flavifronsHNS, lustrataHNS, moffettiHNS, quercicolaHNS, and tambopataeHNS. Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.20, HL 1.40, SL 0.64, EL 0.14, PW 0.56. Paratype minor: HW 0.52, HL 0.56, SL 0.54, EL 0.10, PW 0.34. Color Major: concolorous dark yellow.

Minor: gaster brownish yellow, rest of body and appendages dark yellow.

Range Northwestern lowlands of Costa Rica (J. T. Longino 1997).

biology Collected from tuna baits in the "bosque humedo" of Santa Rosa National Park, and from roadside vegetation near Lagartos, on the road to Monteverde (Longino 1997).

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COSTA RICA: Santa Rosa National Park, Guanacaste, 10A°51 TSf 85A°37W, 100 m (j. T. Longino). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in moist forest, 1 times found in Moist forest patch surrounded by dry forest (Bosque Humedo), 1 times found in roadside vegetation.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times at tuna bait, 1 times sweeping vegetation, 1 times at bait.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times sweep.

Elevations: collected from 120 - 300 meters, 274 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1984-07-13 and 1985-07-15

Type specimens: holotype major Pheidole brachyops: inbiocri002279628

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