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Species: Pheidole fervens   Smith, 1858 

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Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Pheidole fervens Smith, 1858a PDF: 176 (s.) SINGAPORE. Indomalaya. Primary type information: Primary type material: lectotype major worker (by designation of Fischer & Fisher, 2013 PDF: 322). Primary type locality: lectotype Singapore: “Sing. 33” (no further data) (no collector’s name; probably A.R. Wallace). Primary type depository: BMNH. Primary type specimen: CASENT0901520 (lectotype). Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 2 paralectotype minor workers. Secondary type locality: same as for lectotype. Secondary type depository: BMNH. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Fischer & Fisher, 2013 PDF: 322.
Ogata, 1982 PDF: 197 (m.)
Status as species: Roger, 1863b PDF: 31; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 440; Smith, 1871a PDF: 332; Mayr, 1886c PDF: 361; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 90; Emery, 1922c PDF: 97; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 141; Wilson & Taylor, 1967b PDF: 45; Taylor, 1967b PDF: 1094; Ogata, 1982 PDF: 197; Ogata, 1991b PDF: 93; Morisita et al., 1992: 24; Dlussky, 1994a: 54; Bolton, 1995b: 321; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 104; Zhou & Zheng, 1999 PDF: 84 (in key); Zhou, 2001a PDF: 130; Eguchi, 2001b PDF: 53 (redescription) ; Wetterer, 2002 PDF: 129; Zhang & Zheng, 2002 PDF: 219; Imai et al., 2003 PDF: 160; Lin & Wu, 2003: 65; Wetterer & Vargo, 2003 PDF: 417; Eguchi, 2004 PDF: 197; Jaitrong & Nabhitabhata, 2005 PDF: 33; Ward, 2005 PDF: 66; Clouse, 2007b PDF: 240; Eguchi, 2008 PDF: 24 (redescription); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 172 (in key); Pfeiffer et al., 2011 PDF: 48; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 49; Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 97; Fischer & Fisher, 2013 PDF: 322 (redescription); Ramage, 2014 PDF: 172; Sarnat et al., 2015 10.3897/zookeys.543.6050 PDF: 38 (redescription); Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 42; Yamane & Hosoishi, 2020 PDF: 41; Dias et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.967.54432 PDF: 81; Khachonpisitsak et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.998.54902 PDF: 109; Wang et al., 2022 10.20362/am.015006 PDF: 91.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Madagascar, Mauritius
    Americas: United States
    Asia: Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Krakatau Islands, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
    Oceania: Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Pitcairn, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga, Vanuatu
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Australasia, Indomalaya bioregions

Distribution Notes:

Kauai, Oahu, Maui and Hawaii


Introduced species (Martinez, 1996).


(Dutch vernacular name: indodikkop)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole fervens   Eguchi, K., 2008, A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae)., Zootaxa 1902, pp. 1-118: 24-27, (download) 24-27 22171
Pheidole fervens   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum: 176-177, (download) 176-177 8127
Pheidole fervens   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Pheidole fervens   Eguchi, K., 2008, A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae)., Zootaxa 1902, pp. 1-118: 24-27, (download) 24-27 22171

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 3 times found in rainforest, 6 times found in primary rainforest, 1 times found in mahogany/seconday growth rainforest, 3 times found in forest edge, 7 times found in disturbed forest, 2 times found in Back road near Lehn Mesi, 3 times found in forest fragment, 5 times found in Port of Entry, 1 times found in beach hut, 2 times found in disturbed rainforest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 28 times malaise trap, 10 times sifted litter, 1 times on stone, 1 times foraging on vegetation, 1 times debris nest on tree trunk, 1 times Incidental collections near middle of island; somewhat open canopy ~40-60% near big breadfruit tree; a lot of Neisosperma, 2 times in leaf litter mulch, 1 times Garden, 1 times on Piper sp., 1 times on Lilium canadensis bulbs, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 35 times M, 1 times 2 Maxi Winks, 3 times H, 9 times L, 4 times hand, 3 times hand collection, 2 times Burlaise funnel, 1 times Davis sifting>hand collected|aspirator, 1 times sifted litter, 1 times 3 MaxiWinks, mixed samples.

Elevations: collected from 1 - 800 meters, 373 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1907-11-01 00:00:00.0 and 2015-04-21 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Lectotype of Pheidole javana: casent0916046; Lectotype of Pheidole nodus azumai: casent0913369; Lectotype of Pheidole amia: casent0907858; Lectotype of Pheidole javana dharmsalana: casent0907905; Lectotype of Pheidole javana dolenda: casent0907907; Lectotype of Pheidole javana soror: casent0913315; Lectotype of Solenopsis pungens: casent0901407; Not Provided: casent0126094, casent0126095, casent0126096, casent0126097, casent0126098, casent0126099, casent0126101, casent0126102, casent0126103, casent0126104, casent0126105, casent0126106, casent0126107, casent0126108, casent0126109, casent0126110, casent0126111, casent0126112, casent0126113, casent0126114, casent0126115, casent0126116, casent0126117, casent0126119, casent0126120, casent0126121, casent0126122, casent0126123, casent0126124, casent0126125, casent0126126, casent0126127, casent0126129, casent0126130, casent0126131, casent0126132, casent0126133, casent0126134, casent0126135, casent0126136, casent0126137, casent0126138, casent0126142, casent0126168, casent0171076, casent0171099, casent0184261, casent0184267, casent0184269, casent0184275, casent0184276, casent0184282, casent0184303, casent0184310, casent0184317, casent0184362, casent0184369, casent0184375, casent0184386, casent0184398, casent0184401, casent0184404, casent0184443, casent0184460, casent0184469, casent0184482, casent0184505, casent0184530, casent0184537, casent0185077, casent0185154, casent0185166, casent0185369, casent0185389, casent0185413, casent0185470, casent0185587, casent0185608, casent0185646, casent0185671, casent0185688, casent0199101, casent0199102, casent0199133, casent0199145, casent0199399, casent0219399, casent0248818, casent0248819, casent0248820, casent0248824, casent0248847, casent0248885, casent0248886, casent0248887, casent0248968, casent0248976, casent0248997, casent0248998, casent0248999, casent0282493, casent0282787, casent0282790, casent0282795, casent0339775, casent0339781, casent0717861, casent0717870, casent0717898, casent0717916, casent0742325, casent0742354; paralectotype of Pheidole nodus azumai: casent0913370; paralectotype of Pheidole amia: casent0907859; paralectotype of Pheidole javana dharmsalana: casent0907906; paralectotype of Pheidole javana dolenda: casent0907908; paralectotype of Pheidole javana soror: casent0913316; Paratype: fmnhins0000077025, fmnhins0000083053, fmnhins0000083054, fmnhins0000083055; syntype of Pheidole fervens: casent0901519, casent0901520; syntype of Pheidole oceanica nigriscapa: casent0901522, casent0901523; syntype of Pheidole cavannae: casent0904275, casent0904276; syntype of Pheidole oceanica nigriscapa: casent0913313, casent0913314; type of Pheidole amia: focol0225, focol0226, focol0227; type of Pheidole javana dolenda: focol0239, focol0242, focol0243, focol0244; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Pheidole oceanica nigriscapa tahitiana: casent0901521

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