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Species: Parvaponera darwinii   (Forel, 1893) 

Classification:
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See Also:

Parvaponera darwinii_cf, Parvaponera darwinii africana, Parvaponera darwinii madecassa

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 2 valid subspecies

Belonopelta darwinii Forel, 1893f PDF: 460 (q.) AUSTRALIA (Northern Territory). Australasia. Primary type information: Holotype queen: Australia: Port Darwin (M. J. J. Walker) MHNG (CASENT0907290) AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as dawini by Santschi, 1914d PDF: 318.].
Terayama, 1990b PDF: 897 (w.).
Combination in Pseudoponera: Bingham, 1903 PDF: 93.
Combination in Trachymesopus: Wilson, 1958g PDF: 353.
Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 304.
Status as species: Forel, 1899j: 320; Emery, 1900: 668; Emery, 1901b PDF: 46; Emery, 1901h PDF: 113; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 93; Emery, 1911e PDF: 86; Santschi, 1914d PDF: 318; Wheeler, 1919f PDF: 56; Wheeler, 1922: 778, 1009; Wheeler, 1923c PDF: 1; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 65; Wilson, 1958g PDF: 353; Collingwood, 1962c PDF: 224; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 52; Taylor, 1987a PDF: 80; Morisita et al., 1989: 20; Terayama, 1990b PDF: 897; Bolton, 1995b: 304; Schembri & Collingwood, 1995: 153; Xu, 1995b PDF: 104 (in key); Tiwari, 1999 PDF: 30; Imai et al., 2003 PDF: 211; Lin & Wu, 2003: 67; Framenau & Thomas, 2008 PDF: 80; Terayama, 2009 PDF: 106 (in key); Vonshak & Ionescu-Hirsch, 2009 PDF: 46; Zhou & Ran, 2010: 108; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 60; Sarnat et al., 2013 PDF: 73; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 141 (see note in bibliography) ; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 53.
Senior synonym of Parvaponera darwinii indica (Emery, 1899): Lin & Wu, 2003: 68; Terayama, 2009 PDF: 104.
Senior synonym of Parvaponera darwinii indica (Forel, 1900): Lin & Wu, 2003: 68 (by implication); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 104 (by implication).
Senior synonym of Parvaponera lamarki: Brown, 1963a PDF: 6; Bolton, 1995b: 304.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Central African Republic, Congo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Zambia
    Asia: India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates
    Oceania: Australia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Palearctic

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in Riverine forest, 1 times found in rainforest edge, 1 times found in urban parkland.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times under stone, 1 times litter, 1 times at light.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times Hand collected, 1 times water traps, 1 times at light, 1 times at lights, 1 times collected at ultraviolet (black) light 15 watt.

Elevations: collected from 15 - 1450 meters, 388 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1904-12-31 and 2016-05-21

Type specimens: Holotype of Cryptopone rufotestaceus: casent0902505; syntype of Euponera lamarki: casent0915260; syntype of Pachycondyla darwinii: casent0907290; syntype of Pachycondyla darwinii indica: casent0903940



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