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Species: Oecophylla smaragdina   (Fabricius, 1775) 

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See Also:

Oecophylla smaragdina fuscoides, Oecophylla smaragdina gracilior, Oecophylla smaragdina gracillima, Oecophylla smaragdina selebensis, Oecophylla smaragdina subnitida

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 5 valid subspecies

Formica smaragdina Fabricius, 1775 PDF: 828 (q.) INDIA. Indomalaya. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Oecophylla: Smith, 1860b PDF: 102.
Senior synonym of Oecophylla macra: Roger, 1863b PDF: 10; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 176.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
    Oceania: Australia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia, Indomalaya

Distribution Notes:

India, Australia, China, Philippines, Indonesia

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Oecophylla smaragdina   Forel, A., 1894, Les formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part IV. Adjonction aux genres Camponotus, Mayr., et Polyrhachis, Shuck., Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 8, pp. 396-420: 400, (download) 400 3951
Oecophylla smaragdina   Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388: 20, (download) 20 3994
Oecophylla smaragdina   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 69-70, (download) 69-70 3923
Oecophylla smaragdina   Emery, C., 1893, Voyage de M. E. Simon à l'île de Ceylan (janvier - février 1892). 3 e Mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62, pp. 239-258: 12, (download) 12 3767
Oecophylla smaragdina   Mayr, G., 1893, Formiciden von Herrn Dr. Fr. Stuhlmann in Ost-Afrika gesammelt., Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 10, pp. 193-201: 5, (download) 5 4386
Oecophylla smaragdina   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 695, (download) 695 4445
Oecophylla smaragdina   Forel, A., 1907, Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika., Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika (Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903 - 1905 mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt von Professor Dr. Alfred, pp. 75-92: 88, (download) 88 8171
Oecophylla smaragdina   Forel, A., 1909, Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 53, pp. 51-73: 55, (download) 55 4018

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 56 times found in Rainforest, 13 times found in Eucalyptus woodland, 11 times found in Riparian woodland, 5 times found in Rainforest edge, 5 times found in dry sclerophyll, 3 times found in Coastal scrub forest, 3 times found in urban parkland, 2 times found in Wet sclerophyll, 2 times found in Savanna, 2 times found in sclerophyll woods, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 35 times foraging on low vegetation, 21 times Malaise trap, 18 times flight intercept trap, 14 times foraging on tree, 8 times Sieved litter, 6 times silk nest in living leaves, 5 times Foraging column on tree, 1 times on Rhizophora apiculata, 3 times on low vegetation, 2 times Litter, 3 times ground strays, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times wild caught, 13 times Berlesate, 12 times Flight intercept trap, 9 times direct collection, 6 times Pyrethrum knockdown, 5 times Sweeping, 4 times Hand collection, 3 times Hand, 3 times Pitfall traps, 3 times by hand, 3 times Malaise trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1560 meters, 170 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1920-08-31 and 2018-02-11

Type specimens:

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