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Species: Oecophylla longinoda   (Latreille, 1802) 

Download Data

See Also:

Oecophylla longinoda annectens, Oecophylla longinoda claridens, Oecophylla longinoda fusca, Oecophylla longinoda rubriceps, Oecophylla longinoda rufescens, Oecophylla longinoda taeniata, Oecophylla longinoda textor

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 7 valid subspecies

Formica longinoda Latreille, 1802a PDF: 184, pl. 11, fig. 72 (w.) SENEGAL. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Emery, 1892f PDF: 564 (q.); Forel, 1913b PDF: 339 (m.)
Combination in Oecophylla: Mayr, 1863a PDF: 439
Junior synonym of Oecophylla virescens: Smith, 1858a PDF: 29
Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 176; Emery, 1921g: 102; Wheeler, 1922: 227; Santschi, 1928f PDF: 211; Bolton, 1995b: 298
Senior synonym of Oecophylla brevinodis: Wheeler, 1922: 945

Taxon Page Images:

top photo: Johan Pretorius, St Lucia

bottom photo: Ricky Taylor, St Lucia

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Santschi 1914b


Caste of types: (w)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Oecophylla longinoda   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 227-230, (download) 227-230 20597
Oecophylla longinoda n. var.  Santschi, F., 1928, Descriptions de nouvelles fourmis Ethiopiennes. (Suite.), Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 16, pp. 191-213: 211-212, (download) 211-212 3630
Oecophylla longinoda   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 226-227, (download) 226-227 20597

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 10 times found in Rainforest, 12 times found in Tropical Forest, 11 times found in Secondary forest, 8 times found in Primary Forest, 6 times found in Second. For., 4 times found in Gallery For., 4 times found in Reserve Area (Tropical grassland + Palm trees), 3 times found in Reserve/Urban, 4 times found in Cultives, 2 times found in Disturbed forest fragment, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 8 times on low vegetation, 4 times on tree, 1 times on low veg., 2 times Foraging on ground, 2 times For. Tree, 2 times undergrowth, low canopy in forest, 2 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times On tree trunk, 1 times On leaves, 1 times Leaf litter, 1 times Foragers on forest floor, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 29 times Hand, 10 times Malaise, 7 times Preliminary, 4 times Pitfall trap, 5 times Malaise trap, 3 times Beat 25 sample transect, 10m, beating low vegetation, 4 times By Hand, 3 times Canopy fogging, 1 times search, 2 times Hand collected, 2 times Pitfall, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1200 meters, 372 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1912-10-01 and 2019-11-17

Type specimens: syntype of Oecophylla brevinodis: casent0913754

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