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Southern Mexico to Southern Brazil, Bolivia (Brown 1976). Costa Rica: throughout in wet to dry forest, to 1200m.
This is a relatively common species in Costa Rica, as revealed by its frequent presence in samples of sifted leaf litter from the forest floor (Winkler samples). However, I have rarely seen nests. I once observed a nest under a stone in the moist forest/dry forest ecotone at Maritza station in the Guanacaste Conservation Area. I once observed a dealate queen that fell out of a Cephaelis stem I was dissecting in Braulio Carrillo National Park.
Bolton, B. 1995. A New General Catalogue of the Ants of the World. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomol. 19:67-171.
Emery, C. 1894. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Boll. Soc. Entomol. It. 26:137-241.
Forel, A. 1905. Miscellanea myrmecologiques II (1905). Annls Soc. Entomol. Belg. 49:155-185.
Luederwaldt, H. 1918. Notas myrmecologicas. Revista do Museu Paulista 10:29-64.
Alto Paraná, Canindeyú, Central, Cordillera, Itapúa, Paraguarí, San Pedro (ALWC, BMNH, IFML, INBP, LACM, MHNG). Literature records: “Paraguay” (s. loc.) (Kempf 1972).
Found most commonly in these habitats: 100 times found in mature wet forest, 42 times found in tropical rainforest, 40 times found in montane wet forest, 38 times found in lowland wet forest, 13 times found in Semideciduous seasonal forest, 29 times found in tropical moist forest, 22 times found in wet forest, 17 times found in 2º wet forest, 18 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 17 times found in tropical wet forest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 389 times ex sifted leaf litter, 30 times at bait, 20 times Hojarasca, 13 times Malaise trap, 10 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 5 times ex sifted litter, 5 times sifted litter, 5 times pan trap, 3 times nest under stone, 4 times leaf litter, 2 times Cerca del Refugio Cascante, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 237 times MiniWinkler, 97 times MaxiWinkler, 64 times Winkler, 27 times Baiting, 18 times Berlese, 10 times search, 11 times Malaise, 14 times Mini Winkler, 8 times Epigaeic pitfall, 6 times Pan Trap, 4 times Malaise trap, ...
Elevations: collected from 5 - 1650 meters, 466 meters average
Collect Date Range: collected between 1886-12-31 and 2020-02-16
Type specimens: syntype of Odontomachus haematoda minuta: casent0904009