Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)
Senior synonym of Odontomachus pallipes and material of the unavailable name Odontomachus bruneipes referred here: Brown, 1976a
Distribution: Geographic regions
(According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists): Americas: Argentina
, French Guiana
, Puerto Rico
, United States
, United States Virgin Islands
, Venezuela Asia: Indonesia Biogeographic regions
(According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists): Nearctic
Brown (1976) considered Odontomachus haematodus
to be restricted to "cis-Andean continental S America from [the] Orinoco Delta to Tucumán, Argentina." Records from elsewhere should be treated cautiously.
(Including range previously given here, but provided for integrity: India,Neotropical: Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Eucador, Guyana, French Guiana, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela, Brazil, Surinam, Philippines, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, Bahamas.)
Striae on head reaching occipital carina; first gastric tergum predominantly smooth; metasternum with acute paired denticles anterior to metacoxae; body brown, legs yellow to brown. Easily confused with the Nearctic Odontomachus brunneus
, but the latter taxon lacks metasternal processes.
Brown, W. L., Jr. (1976) Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus
. Studia Entomologica
, 19: 67-171.
Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)
Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download)
Sorger, D. M. & Zettel, H., 2011, On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus Latreille, 1804., Myrmecological News 14, pp. 141-163: 157-158, (download)
Specimen Habitat Summary
Found most commonly in these habitats: 34 times found in mixed forest near estuary, 16 times found in rainforest, 0 times found in coastal hardwood forest, nest in ground, 8 times found in oak/pine forest in rotting Pinus sp stump, 7 times found in bottomland forest/marsh, 0 times found in hardwood-pine forest near estuary, litter sample, 6 times found in pitcher plant bog, 6 times found in Tropical Hardwood Forest, 6 times found in foredunes, 0 times found in coastal hardwood forest, litter sample, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 0 times litter, 3 times ex sifted leaf litter, 3 times at bait, 4 times soil and litter, 3 times general collecting, 2 times Nest in rotten log on ground., 3 times in log, 2 times Foraging on ground., 1 times ex rotten log, 2 times strays, 2 times soil, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 18 times search, 15 times blacklight trap, 13 times pitfall trap, 0 times Berlese funnel, 8 times direct collection, 9 times pan trap, 9 times general collecting, 6 times blacklight and mercury vapor lamp, 3 times Winkler, 3 times baiting, 4 times mercury vapor lamp, ...
Elevations: collected from 5 - 1066 meters, 292 meters average
Collect Date Range: collected between 1915-04-20 and 2018-08-30
Type specimens: Holotype of Odontomachus haematoda pallipes: casent0900582; syntype of Odontomachus hirsutisculus: casent0900581; syntype of Odontomachus haematodus pubescens bruneipes: casent0904007
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