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Species: Odontomachus haematodus   (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Formica haematoda Linnaeus, 1758 PDF: 582 (q.) "AMERICA MERIDIONALI". Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as haematodes by Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 187; Mayr, 1862 PDF: 711; André, 1887 PDF: 290; Emery, 1887f PDF: 428, and many others.].
Combination in Myrmecia: Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 425; Gravenhorst, 1807 PDF: 287.
Combination in Odontomachus: Latreille, 1804: 179.
Status as species: Linnaeus, 1767 PDF: 965; De Geer, 1773 PDF: 601; Fabricius, 1775 PDF: 395; Fabricius, 1782: 494; Retzius, 1783 PDF: 75; Fabricius, 1787 PDF: 311; Gmelin, 1790 PDF: 2803; Christ, 1791 PDF: 516; Olivier, 1792: 502; Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 364; Latreille, 1802a PDF: 192; Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 425; Latreille, 1804: 179; Gravenhorst, 1807 PDF: 287; Latreille, 1818c: 570; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 187; Smith, 1858a PDF: 76; Gerstäcker, 1859: 262; Roger, 1861a PDF: 24; Smith, 1862b PDF: 31; Mayr, 1862 PDF: 711; Gerstäcker, 1862 PDF: 503; Roger, 1863b PDF: 22; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 436; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 63; Mayr, 1867a PDF: 79 (redescription); Mayr, 1872 PDF: 148; Mayr, 1876 PDF: 85; Emery, 1878a PDF: ix (in list); André, 1884f: 538; Mayr, 1884 PDF: 33; Mayr, 1886d PDF: 437; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 258; André, 1887 PDF: 290; Emery, 1887f PDF: 428; Emery, 1890b PDF: 65; Emery, 1890c PDF: 44; Forel, 1891c PDF: 104 (redescription); Cameron, 1891: 93; André, 1892c PDF: 52; Emery, 1892f PDF: 557, 561 (in key); Forel, 1893j PDF: 353; André, 1893b PDF: 152; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 50; Emery, 1893g PDF: 190; Emery, 1893h PDF: 243; Emery, 1893i PDF: 262; Forel, 1894b PDF: 74; Emery, 1894l PDF: 50; Emery, 1895i PDF: 22; Mayr, 1895 PDF: 125; André, 1895a PDF: 3; Forel, 1895b PDF: 118; Mayr, 1896 PDF: 238; Pergande, 1896 PDF: 873; Mayr, 1897 PDF: 424; Emery, 1897: 557; Wasmann, 1897a PDF: 250; Forel, 1899b PDF: 20; Emery, 1899a PDF: 500; Emery, 1899f: 5; Forel, 1900d PDF: 58; Emery, 1900: 672; Wheeler, 1900b PDF: 2; Forel, 1901c: 5; Forel, 1901m PDF: 81; Dahl, 1901 PDF: 12; Emery, 1901h PDF: 113; Emery, 1901i PDF: 566; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 47; Forel, 1903f PDF: 399; Emery, 1904b PDF: 591; Ruzsky, 1905b: 759; Forel, 1905f PDF: 8; Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 122; Emery, 1906c PDF: 118; Forel, 1907h PDF: 1; Forel, 1908b PDF: 2; Forel, 1908c PDF: 35; Wheeler, 1908a PDF: 126; Wheeler, 1908b PDF: 159; Wheeler, 1909b PDF: 231; Wheeler, 1909d PDF: 339; Forel, 1909b PDF: 51; Forel, 1909i PDF: 221; Santschi, 1910c PDF: 350; Stitz, 1910: 130; Forel, 1910e PDF: 4; Emery, 1911f PDF: 531; Emery, 1911e PDF: 114; Wheeler, 1911a PDF: 22; Wheeler, 1911b PDF: 168; Forel, 1911b PDF: 193; Forel, 1911c PDF: 215; Stitz, 1911a PDF: 357; Wheeler, 1912a PDF: 45; Forel, 1912e PDF: 97; Forel, 1912k PDF: 179; Forel, 1912l PDF: 159; Forel, 1913a PDF: 108; Forel, 1913b PDF: 309; Forel, 1913i PDF: 347; Forel, 1913l PDF: 159; Wheeler, 1913e PDF: 239; Santschi, 1914b PDF: 58; Santschi, 1914d PDF: 331; Emery, 1914a PDF: 180; Emery, 1914f PDF: 400; Bruch, 1914 PDF: 213; Viehmeyer, 1914c PDF: 516; Wheeler & Mann, 1914 PDF: 16; Arnold, 1915: 108; Stitz, 1916: 373; Mann, 1916 PDF: 418; Wheeler, 1916c PDF: 3; Wheeler, 1916f PDF: 323; Viehmeyer, 1916a PDF: 116; Crawley, 1916b PDF: 367; Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 99; Wheeler, 1919f PDF: 60; Mann, 1919 PDF: 303; Mann, 1920b PDF: 404; Santschi, 1920i PDF: 2; Mann, 1921 PDF: 427; Mann, 1922 PDF: 18; Wheeler, 1922: 102, 793, 1013; Wheeler, 1922e PDF: 4; Borgmeier, 1923: 78; Viehmeyer, 1923 PDF: 87; Wheeler, 1923a PDF: 3; Wheeler, 1924c PDF: 243; Crawley, 1924a PDF: 388; Stitz, 1925c PDF: 115; Mann, 1925b PDF: 5; Karavaiev, 1925c PDF: 293; Wheeler & Chapman, 1925 PDF: 71; Wheeler, 1925a: 10; Karavaiev, 1926d PDF: 422; Menozzi, 1927c PDF: 267; Wheeler, 1927d PDF: 2; Wheeler, 1927h PDF: 86; Santschi, 1928a PDF: 44; Santschi, 1928c PDF: 68; Santschi, 1928h PDF: 124; Wheeler, 1929g PDF: 2; Wheeler, 1929h PDF: 37; Karavaiev, 1930a PDF: 212; Santschi, 1930b PDF: 60; Menozzi, 1930b PDF: 80; Menozzi, 1930h PDF: 327; Stärcke, 1930 PDF: 373; Wheeler, 1930k PDF: 61; Aguayo, 1932 PDF: 216; Kutter, 1932 PDF: 207; Santschi, 1932d: 13; Stitz, 1932a: 367; Wheeler, 1932g PDF: 14; Menozzi, 1933a: 101; Wheeler, 1934a PDF: 173; Karavaiev, 1935a PDF: 75; Santschi, 1935b: 263; Wheeler, 1935g: 15; Wheeler, 1936g PDF: 5; Smith, 1937 PDF: 827; Wheeler, 1937a PDF: 22; Wheeler, 1938 PDF: 251; Finzi, 1939a PDF: 154; Santschi, 1939f PDF: 160; Teranishi, 1940: 64; Menozzi, 1942a PDF: 166; Weber, 1943d PDF: 303; Santschi, 1937b PDF: 95; Donisthorpe, 1943e PDF: 445; Eidmann, 1944 PDF: 437, 469; Stärcke, 1944d PDF: xviii; Donisthorpe, 1947c PDF: 579; Donisthorpe, 1948b PDF: 303; Donisthorpe, 1949h PDF: 408; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 55; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 43; Menozzi & Consani, 1952 PDF: 61; Bernard, 1953b PDF: 214; Kusnezov, 1953c PDF: 336; Kempf, 1961b PDF: 497; Kempf, 1962b PDF: 17 (in key); Prins, 1963 PDF: 100; Baltazar, 1966 PDF: 239; Kempf, 1970c PDF: 327; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 170; Kempf & Lenko, 1976 PDF: 60; Brown, 1976c PDF: 104, 148; Brandão, 1991 PDF: 363; Bolton, 1995b: 295; Tiwari, 1999 PDF: 21; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000 PDF: 289; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 27; Zhou, 2006 PDF: 579; Wild, 2007b PDF: 39; Rodriguez, 2008 PDF: 163; Zhou & Ran, 2010: 106; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 60; MacGown et al., 2014 PDF: 536 (redescription); Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF: 124; Feitosa, 2015c: 99; Deyrup, 2017: 29; Fernández & Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 539.
[Note: Afrotropical records of Odontomachus haematodus prior to Brown, 1976c PDF: 167, are correctly referred to Odontomachus troglodytes. Oriental, Indo-Australian, and Australasian records of Odontomachus haematodus prior to Brown, 1976c PDF: 167, are mostly misidentifications of Odontomachus simillimus.].
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, United States, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela
    Asia: Indonesia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Brown (1976) considered Odontomachus haematodus to be restricted to "cis-Andean continental S America from [the] Orinoco Delta to Tucumán, Argentina." Records from elsewhere should be treated cautiously. (Including range previously given here, but provided for integrity: India,Neotropical: Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Eucador, Guyana, French Guiana, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela, Brazil, Surinam, Philippines, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, Bahamas.)

Identification:

Striae on head reaching occipital carina; first gastric tergum predominantly smooth; metasternum with acute paired denticles anterior to metacoxae; body brown, legs yellow to brown. Easily confused with the Nearctic Odontomachus brunneus, but the latter taxon lacks metasternal processes.

References:

Brown, W. L., Jr. (1976) Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomologica, 19: 67-171.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Odontomachus haematodus   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download) 39 21367
Odontomachus haematodus   Sorger, D. M. & Zettel, H., 2011, On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus Latreille, 1804., Myrmecological News 14, pp. 141-163: 157-158, (download) 157-158 23311

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 34 times found in mixed forest near estuary, 16 times found in rainforest, 0 times found in coastal hardwood forest, nest in ground, 8 times found in oak/pine forest in rotting Pinus sp stump, 7 times found in bottomland forest/marsh, 0 times found in hardwood-pine forest near estuary, litter sample, 6 times found in foredunes, 6 times found in Tropical Hardwood Forest, 6 times found in pitcher plant bog, 3 times found in secondary lowland rainforest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 0 times litter, 5 times at bait, 3 times ex sifted leaf litter, 3 times general collecting, 4 times soil and litter, 3 times in log, 2 times Nest in rotten log on ground., 2 times log nest, 2 times Foraging on ground., 1 times ex rotten log, 2 times strays, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 22 times search, 15 times blacklight trap, 13 times pitfall trap, 0 times Berlese funnel, 8 times direct collection, 9 times general collecting, 9 times pan trap, 6 times blacklight and mercury vapor lamp, 3 times Winkler, 3 times baiting, 4 times mercury vapor lamp, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1066 meters, 290 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1915-04-20 and 2018-08-30

Type specimens: Holotype of Odontomachus haematoda pallipes: casent0900582; syntype of Odontomachus hirsutisculus: casent0900581; syntype of Odontomachus haematodus pubescens bruneipes: casent0904007



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