Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.91.2. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Genus: Odontomachus   Latreille, 1804 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 73 valid species

Fossil: 3 valid species

Odontomachus Latreille, 1804: 179. Type-species: Formica haematoda, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Odontomachus in Poneridae: Smith, 1857a PDF: 64; Smith, 1858a PDF: 76.
Odontomachus in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Brown, 1976a: 70 [subtribe Odontomachiti]; Bolton, 1994: 164.
Odontomachus senior synonym of Pedetes: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 51
Genus Odontomachus references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 21 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 436 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 11 (diagnosis); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 258 (U.S.A. catalogue); Emery, 1892f PDF: 559 (all species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 49 (catalogue); Forel, 1900d PDF: 57 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 47 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1911e PDF: 111 (diagnosis, catalogue); Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 95 (Argentina species key); Wheeler, 1922: 99, 792, 1013 (diagnosis, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 55 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 42 (Asia checklist); Wilson, 1959c PDF: 485 (Melanesia & Moluccas species revision, key); Kempf, 1962b PDF: 17 (Neotropical species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 170 (Neotropical catalogue); Brown, 1976a: 111, 114, 117 (New World species, Malesian & Austral species, Afrotropical & Malagasy species keys); Smith, 1979: 1344 (North America catalogue); Deyrup et al., 1985 PDF: 188 (Southeastern U.S.A. species, review); Brown, 1978b PDF: 281 (supplement to Brown, 1976a); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 36 (Australia catalogue); Ogata, 1987a PDF: 125 (diagnosis, all castes, Japan); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 48 (Australia, New Caledonia checklist); Wang, 1993a: 220 (China species key); De Andrade, 1994c PDF: 24 (Dominican Amber species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 294 (catalogue); Gronenberg, 1995: 391 (mandible morphology); Shattuck, 1999: 194 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001a PDF: 25 (China, Guangxi species key); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 164 (synopsis); Deyrup & Cover, 2004b PDF: 141 (U.S.A. species key); Yoshimura et al., 2007 PDF: 89 (Japan species key); Fisher & Smith, 2008 10.1371/journal.pone.0001787 PDF: 13 (Malagasy species revision, key); Rodríguez, in Fernández, 2008a PDF: 151 (Neotropical species key); Sorger & Zettel, 2011 PDF: 143 (Philippines species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 158 (Fiji species key); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1 PDF: 114 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations); Satria et al., 2015 PDF: 1 (Sumatra species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 266 (brief male diagnosis); Chen et al., 2018 10.25221/fee.356.1 PDF: 6 (China species key); Wang et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.915.38968 PDF: 166 (infandus group key); Fernández & Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 537 (Colombia species key); Hoenle et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.948.48701 PDF: 80 (key to Neotropical species); Fernandes et al., 2021 10.1111/syen.12483 PDF: 685 (molecular phylogeny)

Taxon Page Images:

Odontomachus bauri. Millisecnds ahead of a mandible strike, a tropical trap-jaw ant closes in on its cricket prey. La Selva, Heredia, Costa Rica.
Image © Alex Wild.

Odontomachus simillimus, Western Ghats, Kerala. Dr Kalesh Sadasivan 2016 .


Odontomachus simillimus, Western Ghats, Kerala

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela
    Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Christmas Island, India, Indonesia, Japan, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
    Europe: Czech Republic
    Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic


For Costa Rica:

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Odontomachus sp. 1   Sorger, D. M. & Zettel, H., 2011, On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus Latreille, 1804., Myrmecological News 14, pp. 141-163: 151-152, (download) 151-152 23311
Odontomachus   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 99, (download) 99 20597
Odontomachus   Yoshimura, M. & Fisher, B. L., 2007, A revision of male ants of the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Key to subfamilies and treatment of the genera of Ponerinae., Zootaxa 1654, pp. 21-40: 34, (download) 34 21365
Odontomachus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 103-104, (download) 103-104 6734
Odontomachus   Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127: 104, (download) 104 4764
Odontomachus   Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A., 2008, A revision of Malagasy species of Anochetus Mayr and Odontomachus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., PLoS ONE 3, pp. 1-23: 13-14, (download) 13-14 21401
Odontomachus   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download) 39 21367
Odontomachus   Forel, A., 1894, Les formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part IV. Adjonction aux genres Camponotus, Mayr., et Polyrhachis, Shuck., Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 8, pp. 396-420: 418-419, (download) 418-419 3951
Odontomachus   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 710-711, (download) 710-711 4445

See something amiss? Send us an email.
Log In to see maps.