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Genus: Odontomachus   Latreille, 1804 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 73 valid species

Fossil: 3 valid species

Odontomachus Latreille, 1804: 179. Type-species: Formica haematoda, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Odontomachus in Formicariae: Latreille, 1804: 179; Latreille, 1809 PDF: 127.
Odontomachus in Formicarides: Leach, 1815: 147.
Odontomachus in Poneridae: Smith, 1857a PDF: 64 [Poneridae]; Smith, 1858a PDF: 76 [Poneridae].
Odontomachus in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Brown, 1976c PDF: 70 [subtribe Odontomachiti]; Brandão, 1991 PDF: 362 [subtribe Odontomachiti]; Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 1995b: 40; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 44, 164.
Odontomachus as genus: all authors except Latreille, 1809 PDF: 127; Latreille, 1817e: 75; Latreille, 1818a PDF: 205.
Genus Odontomachus catalogues
Mayr, 1863a PDF: 436; Roger, 1863b PDF: 21; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 258 (U.S.A.); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 49; Emery, 1911e PDF: 111; Wheeler, 1922: 792, 1013 (Afrotropical, Malagasy); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 42 (Asia); Smith, 1951c PDF: 787 (North America); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 170 (Neotropical); Smith, 1979: 1344 (North America); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 36 (Australia); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 48 (Australia, New Caledonia); Bolton, 1995b: 294; Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1 PDF: 118 (species checklist); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 343 (Afrotropical, Malagasy checklist).
Genus Odontomachus references
Mayr, 1865 PDF: 11 (diagnosis); Emery, 1892f PDF: 559 (all species key); Forel, 1900d PDF: 57 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 47 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1911e PDF: 111 (diagnosis); Arnold, 1915: 108 (South Africa species); Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 95 (Argentina species key); Wheeler, 1922: 99 (diagnosis); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 55 (Nearctic species key); Wilson, 1959c PDF: 485 (Melanesia & Moluccas species revision, key); Kempf, 1962b PDF: 17 (Neotropical species key); Brown, 1976c PDF: 96 (diagnosis, all species revision), 111 (New World species key), 114 (Indo-Australian species key), 117 (Africa & Madagascar species keys); Deyrup et al., 1985 PDF: 188 (Southeastern U.S.A. species, review); Brown, 1978b PDF: 281 (supplement to Brown, 1976c PDF); Ogata, 1987a PDF: 125 (diagnosis, Japan); Morisita et al., 1989: 29 (Japan); Wang, 1993a: 220 (China species key); De Andrade, 1994c PDF: 24 (Dominican Amber species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1051 (census); Gronenberg, 1995: 391 (mandible morphology); Shattuck, 1999: 194 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001a PDF: 25 (China, Guangxi species key); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 164 (synopsis); Deyrup & Cover, 2004b PDF: 141 (U.S.A. species key); Yoshimura et al., 2007 PDF: 89 (Japan species key); Fisher & Smith, 2008 10.1371/journal.pone.0001787 PDF: 13 (Malagasy species revision, key); Rodriguez, 2008 PDF: 151 (Neotropical species key); Sorger & Zettel, 2011 PDF: 143 (Philippines species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 158 (Fiji Is species key); Eguchi et al., 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3860.1.1 PDF: 37 (diagnosis, Vietnam synopsis); MacGown et al., 2014 PDF: 521 (Nearctic species key); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1 PDF: 114 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations); Satria et al., 2015 PDF: 4 (Sumatra species key); Baccaro et al., 2015 10.5281/zenodo.32912 PDF: 330 (genus in Brazil); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 341 (diagnosis); Larabee et al., 2016 10.1016/j.ympev.2016.07.024 PDF: 148 (monophyly); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 266 (brief male diagnosis); Chen et al., 2018 10.25221/fee.356.1 PDF: 6 (China species key); Fernández & Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 537 (Colombia species key); Hoenle et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.948.48701 PDF: 80 (Neotropical species key); Wang et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.915.38968 PDF: 166 (Odontomachus infandus group key); Fernandes et al., 2021 10.1111/syen.12483 PDF: 685 (molecular phylogeny); Heterick, 2021 10.18195/issn.0313-122x.86.2021.001-245 PDF: 210 (Western Australia species key).

Taxon Page Images:

Odontomachus bauri. Millisecnds ahead of a mandible strike, a tropical trap-jaw ant closes in on its cricket prey. La Selva, Heredia, Costa Rica.
Image © Alex Wild.

Odontomachus simillimus, Western Ghats, Kerala. Dr Kalesh Sadasivan 2016 .


Odontomachus simillimus, Western Ghats, Kerala

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela
    Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Christmas Island, India, Indonesia, Japan, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
    Europe: Czech Republic
    Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic


For Costa Rica:

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Odontomachus sp. 1   Sorger, D. M. & Zettel, H., 2011, On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus Latreille, 1804., Myrmecological News 14, pp. 141-163: 151-152, (download) 151-152 23311
Odontomachus   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 99, (download) 99 20597
Odontomachus   Yoshimura, M. & Fisher, B. L., 2007, A revision of male ants of the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Key to subfamilies and treatment of the genera of Ponerinae., Zootaxa 1654, pp. 21-40: 34, (download) 34 21365
Odontomachus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 103-104, (download) 103-104 6734
Odontomachus   Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127: 104, (download) 104 4764
Odontomachus   Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A., 2008, A revision of Malagasy species of Anochetus Mayr and Odontomachus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., PLoS ONE 3, pp. 1-23: 13-14, (download) 13-14 21401
Odontomachus   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download) 39 21367
Odontomachus   Forel, A., 1894, Les formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part IV. Adjonction aux genres Camponotus, Mayr., et Polyrhachis, Shuck., Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 8, pp. 396-420: 418-419, (download) 418-419 3951
Odontomachus   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 710-711, (download) 710-711 4445

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