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Species: Neoponera villosa   (Fabricius, 1804) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Neoponera villosa_cf2, Neoponera villosa_nr

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Formica villosa Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 409 (q.) SURINAME. Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: lectotype queen (by designation of Fernandes et al., 2014 PDF: 155). Type-locality: Suriname: Essequibo. Type-depository: ZMUC. Type notes: Fernandes et al., 2014 PDF: 155, report that data on the specimen is, “Essequibo, Smidt, Mus. Sehestedt”. Original description has (in full), “Habitat in America meridionali Dom. Smidt. Mus. Dom. de Sehestedt”, without indication of caste of specimen. Essequibo is most probably the old name for part of Suriname, rather than the river of that name. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Fernandes et al., 2014 PDF: 155.
Combination in Pachycondyla: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 720; Brown, 1995a: 311.
Status as species: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 192; Roger, 1861a PDF: 1 (redescription); Mayr, 1862 PDF: 720; Roger, 1862c PDF: 287; Roger, 1863b PDF: 18; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 440; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 65; Mayr, 1870a PDF: 397 (in key); Emery, 1878a PDF: ix (in list); Forel, 1886a PDF: 217; Emery, 1890b PDF: 59, 74 (in key); Emery, 1890c PDF: 43; Cameron, 1891: 91; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 35; Emery, 1894l PDF: 49; Forel, 1895b PDF: 115; Emery, 1896h PDF: 625; Pergande, 1896 PDF: 873; Forel, 1899b PDF: 14; Forel, 1901k PDF: 353; Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 120; Emery, 1906c PDF: 114; Forel, 1907d PDF: 7; Forel, 1907h PDF: 1; Wheeler, 1908a PDF: 124; Wheeler, 1908h PDF: 403 (redescription); Forel, 1908 PDF: 345; Forel, 1909a PDF: 252; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 561; Emery, 1911e PDF: 72; Forel, 1912d PDF: 36; Mann, 1916 PDF: 412; Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 56 (redescription); Luederwaldt, 1918 PDF: 35; Forel, 1921b PDF: 133; Santschi, 1921g PDF: 86; Borgmeier, 1923: 68; Wheeler, 1923a PDF: 2; Wheeler, 1925a: 5; Borgmeier, 1934 PDF: 96; Wheeler, 1938 PDF: 251; Wheeler, 1942 PDF: 156; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 43; Smith, 1951c PDF: 785; Kusnezov, 1953c PDF: 336; Smith, 1958c PDF: 111; Kusnezov, 1969 PDF: 36 (in key); Kempf, 1970b PDF: 326; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 163; Kempf & Lenko, 1976 PDF: 54; Smith, 1979: 1340; Bolton, 1995b: 311; Wild, 2003 PDF: 16; Wild, 2007b PDF: 40; Mackay et al., 2008 PDF: 200; MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 571 (redescription); Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012 PDF: 263; Fernandes et al., 2014 PDF: 154 (redescription); Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF: 124; Feitosa, 2015c: 99; Fernández & Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 535.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 12 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 7 times found in tropical wet forest, 5 times found in wet forest, 6 times found in lawn area with some Prosopsis, 5 times found in Tropical hardwood forest, 3 times found in Cerrado, 4 times found in tropical moist forest, 3 times found in Port of entry, 3 times found in tropical rainforest, 3 times found in lowland rainforest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 14 times beating vegetation, 8 times at bait, 8 times Malaise trap, 3 times strays, 1 times Sobre Vegetacion, 1 times nest in dead wood, 2 times foragers, 2 times Base of cacao tree, 2 times at day; stray ants, 1 times tree trunk at night, 2 times on tree trunk, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 19 times search, 14 times Beating, 10 times Malaise, 7 times Baiting, 6 times direct collection, 6 times general collecting, 4 times hand collecting, 3 times Malaise trap, 0 times Arboreal pitfall, 2 times Pitfall, 1 times Sweeping, ...

Elevations: collected from 2 - 1150 meters, 300 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1909-01-12 and 2018-10-31

Type specimens: Holotype of Ponera pedunculata: casent0902513; syntype of Ponera pilosa: casent0902511; type of Ponera bicolor: focol0680



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