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Species: Myrmica schencki   Viereck, 1903 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Myrmica rubra var. schencki Viereck, 1903 PDF: 72 (w.q.m.) [Note: type-locality properly Europe (no state data), after Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 35. Emery, 1895d PDF: 315, indicates that Myrmica schencki was based on material misidentified as Myrmica lobicornis by Foerster, 1850a: 69, Schenck, 1852 PDF: 82, and Mayr, 1855 PDF: 412. Localities given by these authors for the taxon include Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Italy, and Slovenia.] EUROPE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[First available use of Myrmica rubra scabrinodis schencki Emery, 1895; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.].
[Misspelled as schenkei by Arnol'di, 1933a: 600; misspelled as schrencki by Ruzsky, 1936 PDF: 94.].
As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Wheeler, 1900c PDF: 48; Ruzsky, 1905b: 699; Wheeler, 1905j PDF: 384; Wheeler, 1906g PDF: 7; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 566; Gösswald, 1932 PDF: 79.
Status as species: Bondroit, 1911a PDF: 11; Bondroit, 1912 PDF: 351; Donisthorpe, 1915e PDF: 265 (redescription); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 103; Müller, 1923b PDF: 44; Betrem, 1926 PDF: 216; Finzi, 1926 PDF: 109; Karavaiev, 1926b PDF: 95; Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 90 (in key); Stärcke, 1927 PDF: 84; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 150; Karavaiev, 1927d: 259 (in key); Lomnicki, 1928 PDF: 6; Karavaiev, 1929d PDF: 208; Karavaiev, 1930b PDF: 145; Santschi, 1931c PDF: 351; Karavaiev, 1931e PDF: 210; Soudek, 1931 PDF: 9; Arnol'di, 1933a: 600 (in key); Karavaiev, 1934: 93 (redescription); Arnol'di, 1934 PDF: 171 (redescription); Grandi, 1935 PDF: 99; Holgersen, 1940 PDF: 184; Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 80 (in key); Stärcke, 1942a PDF: 22; Holgersen, 1943c PDF: 170 (in key); Holgersen, 1944a PDF: 175; Van Boven, 1947b PDF: 176 (in key); Weber, 1948a PDF: 296; Sadil, 1952 PDF: 260; Wellenius, 1955 PDF: 4; Collingwood, 1958d PDF: 74; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 118 (redescription); Kutter, 1968b: 59; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 58; Arnol'di, 1970b PDF: 1838 (in key); Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 35; Collingwood, 1971 PDF: 158; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 5 (in key); Pisarski, 1975: 15; Arnol'di, 1976a PDF: 557 (in key); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 42 (redescription); Van Boven, 1977 PDF: 118; Kutter, 1977c: 70; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 535 (in key); Báez & Ortega, 1978: 190; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 78 (in key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 56; Barquín, 1981: 62; Dlussky, 1981b PDF: 17; Kupyanskaya, 1986a PDF: 87; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 53; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 268 (in key); Seifert, 1988b: 35 (redescription); Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 109; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 99; Radchenko, 1994b: 107 (in key); Radchenko, 1994d PDF: 140 (in key); Radchenko, 1994h PDF: 77; Bolton, 1995b: 283; Douwes, 1995: 87; Poldi et al., 1995: 2; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 31; Radchenko et al., 1997: 492; Gallé et al., 1998: 214; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 32; Markó & Csosz, 2002 PDF: 113; Seifert, 2003b PDF: 145 (redescription) ; Bolton, 2005 PDF: 13 (in key); Karaman & Karaman, 2005 PDF: 54; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 139; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 70; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 88 (in key); Radchenko et al., 2006 PDF: 513; Schultz et al., 2006 PDF: 203; Bračko, 2007 PDF: 18; Seifert, 2007: 210; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 140; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 231; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 141; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 491; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 10; Boer, 2010: 58; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010 PDF: 266; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 56; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 47; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 523; Czechowski et al., 2012: 107; Czekes et al., 2012 PDF: 41 (in key); Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 48; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 23; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 134; Bračko et al., 2014 PDF: 15; Chen et al., 2016 10.3897/zookeys.551.6005 PDF: 117 (in key); Lebas et al., 2016: 322; Radchenko, 2016: 127; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 47; Seifert, 2018: 173.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, United States
    Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Netherlands, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174

10. Myrmica schencki EmeryHNS, 1895

Figs. 31,40, 51,64.

Myrmica rubra scabrinodis var. schencki EmeryHNS, 1895:315.

Worker. Brownish red with gaster and sometimes head darker. Frontal triangle striate. Antennal scape sharply angled near base, with an upright flange at the bend fitted closely into the thin divergent frontal ridge. Frons very narrow, about 'A head width. Mesopropodeal furrow shallow and postpetiole low, somewhat cubical in profile and spherical from above. Head Index: 88.4; Frons Index: 24.5; Frontal Laminae Index: 63.3. Length: 4.0-5.5 mm.

Queen. As worker. Length: 5.0-6.0 mm.

Male. Scapes very short, angled; second funiculus segment elongate. Appendage hairs short, subdecumbent. Petiole long and low, often striate at dorsolateral margins. Length: 4.0-4.5 mm.

Distribution. Local in Denmark and southern areas of Finland, Sweden and Norway, also S. England, Wales and Ireland. - Range: South Europe to South Scandinavia.

Biology. This is an interesting species somewhat resembling a large paler M. lobicornisHNS but distinguished by the lower more cubical postpetiole. According to the Danish myrmecologist Chr. Skott, this species differs from other European MyrmicaHNS in having no winter brood, is mainly nocturnal and derives much of its food from the glandular excretions of low herbage such as Hypochaeris and Hieracium spp. The entrance to the nest is frequently built up as a collar of vegetable detritus (Bisgaard, 1944). Colonies are single queened and isolated, situated in sandy banks and dry pasture. Alatae are found in August, mating occurring on the ground near the nest.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 165 times found in heathlands, 80 times found in Unknown, 44 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 36 times found in dry grassland, 13 times found in Forest, 9 times found in shrubs, 8 times found in Anthropogenic, 4 times found in dunes & inland dunes, 3 times found in ponderosa pine forest, 3 times found in Ponderosa pine-oak forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 11 times under rock, 3 times ground foragers, 2 times dry sandy heath, 2 times on the ground, 1 times found dead on ground, 1 times under wood, 1 times under rock, rocky ridge, 1 times under boulder, 1 times small ground nest, 1 times on rock in meadow, 1 times on path, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 271 times Pitfall trap, 36 times Manual catch, 13 times search, 5 times Color trap, 3 times Malaise trap, 1 times Hand, 1 times Pitfall, 1 times Pyramid trap, 1 times Window trap, 1 times Yellow color trap.

Elevations: collected from 305 - 2961 meters, 1606 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1881-08-29 and 2020-05-17

Type specimens: Lectotype of Myrmica rubra scabrinodis schencki: casent0904070; paratype of Myrmica schenki subopaca: casent0900289; syntype of Myrmica schencki subopaca: casent0916897; syntype of Myrmica schencki kutteri: casent0913081



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