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Species: Myrmica rubra   (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Myrmica rubra_cf, Myrmica rubra neolaevinodis

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica rubra Linnaeus, 1758 PDF: 580 (w.) [Note: type-locality Sweden, after Linnaeus, 1761 PDF: 427.] SWEDEN. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as rufa by Zetterstedt, 1838: 450.].
Combination in Manica: Jurine, 1807 PDF: 279.
Combination in Myrmica: Latreille, 1804: 179; Latreille, 1809 PDF: 131.
Status as species: Linnaeus, 1761 PDF: 427; Linnaeus, 1767 PDF: 963; Fabricius, 1782: 490; Fabricius, 1787 PDF: 308; Gmelin, 1790 PDF: 2799; Christ, 1791 PDF: 513; Olivier, 1792: 493; Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 353; Latreille, 1798 PDF: 48; Latreille, 1802a PDF: 246; Walckenaer, 1802: 165; Latreille, 1804: 179; Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 400; Gravenhorst, 1807 PDF: 286; Jurine, 1807 PDF: 279; Latreille, 1809 PDF: 131; Lamarck, 1817 PDF: 98; Latreille, 1818b PDF: 149; Billberg, 1820: 104; Stephens, 1829b: 356; Brullé, 1833 PDF: 327; Losana, 1834 PDF: 330; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 181; Zetterstedt, 1838: 450; Schilling, 1839 PDF: 56; Smith, 1851 PDF: 4; Curtis, 1854: 213; Forel, 1874 PDF: 75 (in key); Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 460; Lameere, 1892: 68; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 113; Emery, 1895d PDF: 312; Saunders, 1896 PDF: 39; Forel, 1899b PDF: 63; Emery, 1908a PDF: 169; Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 494; Karavaiev, 1912b PDF: 583; Forel, 1915d: 28 (in key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 119; Escherich, 1917: 325 (in key); Nadig, 1918 PDF: 338; Emery, 1921c PDF: 38; Soudek, 1923b PDF: 110; Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 89 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927d: 258 (in key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927e PDF: 193; Santschi, 1932e PDF: 69; Karavaiev, 1934: 65 (redescription); Weber, 1947b PDF: 448; Brian & Brian, 1949 PDF: 393; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 103; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 128; Sadil, 1952 PDF: 240; Yarrow, 1955c PDF: 114; Ceballos, 1956: 296; Collingwood, 1958d PDF: 67; Collingwood, 1962c PDF: 217, 222; Smith, 1967a PDF: 349; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 55; Arnol'di, 1970b PDF: 1833 (in key) ; Collingwood, 1971 PDF: 156; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 5 (in key); Pisarski, 1975: 10; Arnol'di, 1976a PDF: 554 (in key); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 40 (redescription); Van Boven, 1977 PDF: 115; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 530 (in key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 78 (in key); Smith, 1979: 1350; Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 52; Onoyama, 1980a PDF: 197; Pearson, 1981: 75; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 53; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 267 (in key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 66; Seifert, 1988b: 5 (redescription); Onoyama, 1989a PDF: 131; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990c PDF: 435; Ogata, 1991b PDF: 78; Morisita et al., 1992: 11; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 83; Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 25; Radchenko, 1994b: 105 (in key); Radchenko, 1994d PDF: 137 (in key); Radchenko, 1994h PDF: 72; Bolton, 1995b: 282; Douwes, 1995: 87; Poldi et al., 1995: 2; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 92; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 30; Radchenko et al., 1997: 483; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 12 (in key); Gallé et al., 1998: 214; Wei et al., 2001 PDF: 562 (in key); Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 17; Markó & Csosz, 2002 PDF: 112; Imai et al., 2003 PDF: 182; Karaman & Karaman, 2003 PDF: 43; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 138; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 70; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 87 (in key); Schultz et al., 2006 PDF: 206; Steiner et al., 2006a PDF: 777; Bračko, 2007 PDF: 18; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 230; Seifert, 2007: 204; Bolton, 2005 PDF: 13 (in key); Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 146; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 140; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 490; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 9; Boer, 2010: 56; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010 PDF: 228; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 56; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 45; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 5; Wetterer & Radchenko, 2011 PDF: 87; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 522; Ellison et al., 2012: 293; Czechowski et al., 2012: 73; Czekes et al., 2012 PDF: 41 (in key); Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 48; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 22; Yamane & Aibek, 2012 PDF: 180; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 132; Bračko et al., 2014 PDF: 14; Lebas et al., 2016: 312; Radchenko, 2016: 117; Chen et al., 2016 10.3897/zookeys.551.6005 PDF: 114 (in key); Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 47; Seifert, 2018: 166.
Senior synonym of Myrmica laevinodis: Yarrow, 1955c PDF: 114; Collingwood, 1958d PDF: 67; Smith, 1967a PDF: 349; Arnol'di, 1970b PDF: 1839; Collingwood, 1971 PDF: 156; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 17; Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 40; Van Boven, 1977 PDF: 117; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 530 (in key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 52; Smith, 1979: 1350; Onoyama, 1980a PDF: 197; Seifert, 1988b: 5; Onoyama, 1989a PDF: 131; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990c PDF: 435; Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 25; Radchenko, 1994h PDF: 72; Bolton, 1995b: 282; Poldi et al., 1995: 2; Radchenko et al., 1997: 483; Gallé et al., 1998: 214; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 17; Imai et al., 2003 PDF: 182; Radchenko, 2007 PDF: 30; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 139; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 140; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 490; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010 PDF: 228; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 56; Czechowski et al., 2012: 73; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 22; Radchenko, 2016: 117.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, Ecuador, United States
    Asia: Armenia, China, Georgia, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia
    Europe: Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jersey, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Palearctic bioregion

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Myrmica rubra   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 52-53, (download) 52-53 6175
Myrmica rubra   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum: 4, (download) 4 8200
Myrmica rubra   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum: 10-11, (download) 10-11 8200

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1162 times found in Unknown, 371 times found in Forest, 287 times found in Anthropogenic, 286 times found in heathlands, 210 times found in Wet grassland, 182 times found in dry grassland, 119 times found in shrubs, 62 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 35 times found in dunes & inland dunes, 22 times found in bogs & fenns, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 33 times ground nest, 11 times under rock, 8 times under stone, 6 times on the ground, 4 times on path, 3 times birch log, 3 times under moss on boulder, 1 times under dead wood, 2 times stump, log stage 3, 1 times nest under loose bark, 2 times meadow, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1021 times Pitfall trap, 857 times Manual catch, 67 times search, 63 times Color trap, 55 times Malaise trap, 15 times White color trap, 12 times sifting of soil samples, 12 times White pitfall, 6 times Pyramid trap, 6 times beating, 5 times insect net, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1500 meters, 542 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1866-10-10 and 2020-08-25

Type specimens: Holotype of Myrmica microrubra: antweb1041282; syntype of Myrmica rubra champlaini europaea: casent0907645; syntype of Myrmica rubra champlaini: casent0904063, casent0907644; type of Myrmica microrubra: focol0722



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