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Species: Monomorium subopacum   (Smith, 1858) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Monomorium subopacum planidorsum

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Myrmica subopaca Smith, 1858a PDF: 127 (w.q.) PORTUGAL (Madeira I.). Palearctic. Primary type information: Type-material: lectotype worker (by designation of Heterick, 2006 PDF: 103). Type-locality: lectotype Portugal: Madeira I. (T.V. Wollaston). Type-depository: BMNH. Type-specimen: lectotype CASENT0010948. Secondary type information: Paratype-material: 3 paralectotype workers, 3 paralectotype queens (all specimens (including lectotype) on one card). Paratype-locality: same as for lectotype. Paratype-depository: BMNH. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Heterick, 2006 PDF: 103.
Combination in Monomorium: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 753.
Status as species: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 753; Roger, 1862c PDF: 294; Roger, 1863b PDF: 31; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 429; Dours, 1873 PDF: 169; André, 1874c: 199 (in key); Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 456; André, 1881c PDF: 65; Emery, 1881b PDF: 531 (in key); Emery, 1882b PDF: 450; André, 1883a: 336 (in key); Emery, 1886b PDF: 363; Forel, 1886e PDF: clxviii; Emery, 1892: 117; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 70; Emery, 1893e PDF: 82; Emery, 1895i PDF: 24; Mayr, 1895 PDF: 133; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 143; Santschi, 1927e PDF: 240; Menozzi, 1929b PDF: 4; Santschi, 1931a: 5; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 100; Santschi, 1936a PDF: 40; Finzi, 1936 PDF: 177; Finzi, 1939a PDF: 158; Finzi, 1940 PDF: 161; Arnold, 1944 PDF: 14 (in key); Bernard, 1956b PDF: 259; Baroni Urbani, 1964c PDF: 154; Cagniant, 1964 PDF: 89; Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 92; Baroni Urbani, 1968e PDF: 450; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 66; Cagniant, 1970a PDF: 418; Bernard, 1971: 7; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 92; Baroni Urbani, 1976b PDF: 213; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 82 (in key); Barquín, 1981: 196; Schembri & Collingwood, 1981 PDF: 431; Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 272; Bolton, 1987 PDF: 360 (redescription); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 55; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 273 (in key); Kugler, 1988: 258; Brandão, 1991 PDF: 357; Collingwood, 1993b PDF: 194; Hohmann et al., 1993: 155; Bolton, 1995b: 267; Mei, 1995 PDF: 764; Poldi et al., 1995: 4; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 356; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 30; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 114; Heterick, 2006 PDF: 103 (redescription); Cagniant, 2006 PDF: 196; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 94 (in key); Wetterer et al., 2007 PDF: 31; Wetterer et al., 2007 PDF: 16; Fernández, 2007b: 138; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 140; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 15; Collingwood et al., 2011 PDF: 438; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 519; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 46; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 21; Hita Garcia et al., 2013 PDF: 213; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 126; Sharaf et al., 2015 PDF: 54; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 40; Lebas et al., 2016: 304; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 47; Sharaf et al., 2018 10.20362/am.010004 PDF: 26; Dias et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.967.54432 PDF: 78; Sharaf et al., 2020 10.3161/00034541ANZ2020.70.4.005 PDF: 548.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Cabo Verde, Macaronesia, Madagascar, Morocco, Reunion, Senegal, South Africa, Tunisia, Zimbabwe
    Asia: Israel, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, United Arab Emirates
    Europe: Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Palearctic bioregions

Distribution Notes:

Canary Islands, Madeira,

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Monomorium subopacum   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 753, (download) 753 4445
Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) salomonis subsp. subopacum var. liberta   Santschi, F., 1923, Descriptions de nouveaux formicides Ethiopiens et notes diverses. - I., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 11, pp. 259-295: 281, (download) 281 3603
Monomorium subopacum   Heterick, B. E., 2006, A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57, pp. 69-202: 103-107, (download) 103-107 21061
Monomorium subopacum   Fernández, F., 2007, Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 128-145: 138, (download) 138 21280
Monomorium subopacum   Emery, C., 1893, Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud aux iles Canaries. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62, pp. 81-88: 82, (download) 82 3764
Monomorium subopacum   Espadaler, X., 2007, The ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands)., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions., Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 80, pp. 113-127: 119, (download) 119 21278
Monomorium salomonis   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 75, (download) 75 3926

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 56 times found in urban/garden, 6 times found in rocky wash with Tamarix and Juniper, 2 times found in Acacia Juniper woodland, 2 times found in Rocky brush along wash, 2 times found in roadside, 2 times found in Garden, 3 times found in Bushes, 2 times found in Pinus halepensis+pistacea lentiscus, 1 times found in town/park/garden, 2 times found in urban garden, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 43 times ground forager(s), 17 times ground nest, 6 times under stone, 6 times on low vegetation, 3 times under rock, 5 times Foraging, 1 times ex nest in stones and sand, 1 times ex rotten log, 1 times on the path to the beach, 1 times on a wall of the Plant Protection Service, Ambatondrazaka (D.P.V.), 1 times Nido en arena, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times water traps, 21 times Hand, 3 times Pitfall trap, 2 times search, 1 times a la lumiere, 1 times Pitfall, 1 times pitfall traps.

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1930 meters, 499 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1898-09-20 and 2017-09-07

Type specimens: Holotype of Monomorium mintiribe: casent0922332; Lectotype of Monomorium mediterraneum: casent0916009; Lectotype of paraphacota surcoufi: casent0010881; paralectotype of paraphacota surcoufi: casent0010892; paratype of Monomorium mintiribe: casent0922333, casent0922334; syntype of Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum adoneum: casent0913858; syntype of Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum apuleii: casent0913859; syntype of Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum liberta: casent0913857



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