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Species: Monomorium floricola   (Jerdon, 1851) 

Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Atta floricola Jerdon, 1851 PDF: 107 (w.) INDIA. Indomalaya. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1893j PDF: 388 (q.m.); Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 88 (q.m.); Donisthorpe, 1914a PDF: 136 (gynandromorph); Crawley, 1920d PDF: 217 (gynandromorph); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1955c PDF: 121 (l.).
Combination in Monomorium: Mayr, 1879 PDF: 671.
Senior synonym of Monomorium poecilum: Emery, 1894d PDF: 151.
Senior synonym of Monomorium specularis: Mayr, 1879 PDF: 671.
Senior synonym of Monomorium cinnabari: Wheeler, 1913b PDF: 486.
Senior synonym of Monomorium floreanum: Brown, 1966a PDF: 175.
Senior synonym of Monomorium angusticlava: Bolton, 1987 PDF: 390.
Senior synonym of Monomorium impressum: Bolton, 1987 PDF: 390.
See also: Solis et al., 2010 PDF: 15.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Benin, Comoros, Ghana, Grande Glorieuse, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Nigeria, Reunion, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania
    Americas: Brazil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Galapagos Islands, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, United States, Venezuela
    Asia: India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Oman, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam
    Oceania: Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Australasia, Indomalaya bioregions

Distribution Notes:

Cabo Verde


Natural History:

This species is very common and occurs in and around houses and in low second growth vegetation almost anywhere in the country where ants occur. It nests opportunistically in any small cavity, usually in the low arboreal zone, and may become a house pest. Almost all the nests I have observed have been polygynous, with up to 7 dealate queens.


(Dutch vernacular name: Aziatische faraomier)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Monomorium floricola   Fernández, F., 2007, Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 128-145: 134, (download) 134 21280
Monomorium floricola   Forel, A., 1893, Formicides de l'Antille St. Vincent. Récoltées par Mons. H. H. Smith., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1893, pp. 333-418: 388-389, (download) 388-389 3948
Monomorium floricola   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Monomorium floricola   Forel, A., 1895, Nouvelles fourmis de diverses provenances, surtout d'Australie., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 39, pp. 41-49: -1, (download) -1 3954
Monomorium floricola   Heterick, B. E., 2006, A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57, pp. 69-202: 122-125, (download) 122-125 21061

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 42 times found in tropical moist forest, 27 times found in coastal scrub, 20 times found in dry forest, 28 times found in rainforest, 21 times found in urban garden, 21 times found in urban/garden, 1 times found in port of entry/city, 2 times found in La Selva, 9 times found in tropical dry forest, 9 times found in Semideciduous seasonal forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 53 times ex dead twig above ground, 66 times ex sifted leaf litter, 37 times on low vegetation, 23 times Malaise trap, 2 times recruiting to bait, 10 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 11 times ground forager(s), 8 times ex rotten log, 5 times ex rot pocket above ground, 1 times unshaded tree, 3 times 1 square meter of sifted leaf litter, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 57 times MiniWinkler, 16 times search, 19 times M, 2 times H, 12 times Winkler, 8 times GC, 4 times 9 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 9 times hand collected|aspirator>bait trap|peanut butter, 10 times Malaise, 4 times Hand collected, 8 times hand collected|aspirator>bait trap|peanut butter, maple syrup, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1980 meters, 162 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1926-08-05 and 2019-07-13

Type specimens: Lectotype of Monomorium specularis: casent0916008; paralectotype of Momonorium angusticalava: casent0010954; syntype of Monomorium angusticlava: castype06928; syntype of Monomorium floricola furina: casent0908699; syntype of Monomorium floricola philippinensis: casent0908698; syntype of Monomorium floricola furina: casent0917813

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