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Species: Messor structor   (Latreille, 1798) 

Classification:
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See Also:

Messor structor_cf, Messor structor_cf_gr01, Messor structor tyrrhenus

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica structor Latreille, 1798 PDF: 46 (w.m.) FRANCE. Palearctic. Primary type information: Type-material: neotype worker (by designation of Steiner et al., 2018 10.1016/j.ympev.2018.04.005 PDF: 399). Type-locality: France: 300 m. E Gignac, S Brive-la-Gaillarde (45°0’N, 1°28’E), 1.x.2006, FR020 (Galkowski). Type-depository: NHMW. Type notes: Steiner et al., 2018 10.1016/j.ympev.2018.04.005 PDF: 399, record that other specimens from the neotype nest-series are deposited in NHMW (5 workers), and in HNHM (4 workers). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Manica: Jurine, 1807 PDF: 279
Combination in Myrmica: Nylander, 1856b PDF: 85
Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b PDF: 29
Combination in Stenamma (Messor): Emery, 1898c PDF: 126.
Combination in Messor: Emery, 1897g: 238; Ruzsky, 1903b PDF: 315; Emery, 1908f PDF: 455.
Status as species: Latreille, 1802a PDF: 236; Jurine, 1807 PDF: 279; Latreille, 1809 PDF: 130; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 174; Schilling, 1839 PDF: 56; Brullé, 1840: 84; Schenck, 1852 PDF: 113; Mayr, 1855 PDF: 464 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b PDF: 85; Gredler, 1858 PDF: 30; Smith, 1858a PDF: 162; Roger, 1859 PDF: 253; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 66 (in key); Smith, 1861a PDF: 35; Roger, 1863b PDF: 29; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 397; Mayr, 1867a PDF: 93 (redescription); Emery, 1869b PDF: 17; Walker, 1871: 10; Dours, 1873 PDF: 167; Forel, 1874 PDF: 74 (in key); André, 1874c: 195 (in key); Mayr, 1877a: 14; Emery, 1878: 58; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 461; Mayr, 1880 PDF: 33; Emery, 1881b PDF: 534; André, 1883b: 353 (in key); Forel, 1886e PDF: clxviii; Forel, 1889 PDF: 257; Nasonov, 1889: 37; Saunders, 1890 PDF: 204; Forel, 1892j PDF: 316; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 105; Forel, 1895e PDF: 227; Ruzsky, 1896 PDF: 74; Emery, 1898c PDF: 140; Ruzsky, 1902a PDF: 235; Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 27; Ruzsky, 1903b PDF: 315; Forel, 1904c PDF: 373; Ruzsky, 1905b: 728; Forel, 1906c PDF: 190; Forel, 1907h PDF: 15; Forel, 1909c PDF: 104; Forel, 1915d: 35 (in key); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 150; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1923b PDF: 256; Müller, 1923b PDF: 60; Finzi, 1924a PDF: 13; Lomnicki, 1925b PDF: 2; Wheeler, 1926a PDF: 2; Donisthorpe, 1926a PDF: 7; Menozzi, 1926b PDF: 181; Karavaiev, 1926b PDF: 101; Karavaiev, 1927a PDF: 286; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927a PDF: 92 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927d: 261 (in key); Kutter, 1927a PDF: 99; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929d PDF: 12; Finzi, 1929 PDF: 90; Karavaiev, 1929d PDF: 209; Finzi, 1930d PDF: 312; Cori & Finzi, 1931 PDF: 238; Santschi, 1931a: 4; Soudek, 1931 PDF: 8; Arnol'di, 1933a: 600 (in key); Karavaiev, 1934: 108; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 100; Zimmermann, 1935 PDF: 14; Finzi, 1936 PDF: 160; Finzi, 1939c PDF: 155; Donisthorpe, 1950e PDF: 1059; Consani & Zangheri, 1952 PDF: 40; Bernard, 1955a PDF: 361 (in key); Bernard, 1956b PDF: 258; Baroni Urbani, 1964a PDF: 2; Baroni Urbani, 1964b PDF: 41; Baroni Urbani, 1964c PDF: 150; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 144 (redescription); Baroni Urbani, 1968e PDF: 436; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 64; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 66; Baroni Urbani, 1974a PDF: 232; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 81 (in key); Schembri & Collingwood, 1981 PDF: 427; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 54; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 271 (in key); Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 224; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990b: 156 (in key); Le Moli & Rosi, 1991: 30; Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 38; Bolton, 1995b: 257; Mei, 1995 PDF: 762; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 30; Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998 PDF: 423; Gallé et al., 1998: 214; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 37; Markó & Csosz, 2002 PDF: 116; Karaman & Karaman, 2003 PDF: 43; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 137; Cagniant, 2006 PDF: 197; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 69; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 92 (in key); Schultz et al., 2006 PDF: 203; Bračko, 2007 PDF: 17; Seifert, 2007: 214; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 140, 147; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 231; Wetterer et al., 2007 PDF: 14; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 139; Paknia et al., 2008 PDF: 155; Borowiec et al., 2009 PDF: 378; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 489; Vonshak & Ionescu-Hirsch, 2009 PDF: 43; Boer, 2010: 61; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 15; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 56; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 38; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 11; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 515; Czechowski et al., 2012: 119; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 45; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 20; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 112; Lebas et al., 2016: 298; Radchenko, 2016: 171; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 46; Seifert, 2018: 177; Steiner et al., 2018 10.1016/j.ympev.2018.04.005 PDF: 399 (redescription); Werner et al., 2018 PDF: 7; Salata & Borowiec, 2019a 10.3906/zoo-1809-41 PDF: 64; Barech et al., 2020 10.35929/RSZ.0002 PDF: 17.
Senior synonym of Messor rufitarsis (Fabricius, 1804): Nylander, 1856b PDF: 85; Smith, 1858a PDF: 162; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 397; Roger, 1863b PDF: 29; Forel, 1874 PDF: 101 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 462; Nasonov, 1889: 37; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 105; Ruzsky, 1905b: 728; Emery, 1921c PDF: 73; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 54; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990b: 154; Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 224; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 115; Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 39; Bolton, 1995b: 257; Gallé et al., 1998: 214; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 37; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 139; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 489; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 56; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 11; Czechowski et al., 2012: 120; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 20; Radchenko, 2016: 171; Steiner et al., 2018 10.1016/j.ympev.2018.04.005 PDF: 399.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Macaronesia, Morocco
    Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey, Uzbekistan
    Europe: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Submediterranean SLO

Biology:

Various open habitats, nests in (stony) ground

Notes:

no records during last 50 years

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in Descampado, 4 times found in Ruderal, 3 times found in Parque, 3 times found in Meadow, 3 times found in Ruderal among crops, 3 times found in Erial, 3 times found in village, garden, 1 times found in Pinus nigra forest, 2 times found in Jardin, 2 times found in Disturbed Mediterranean Forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 10 times Foraging, 5 times Forrajeando, 2 times Nido bajo piedra, 3 times Nest open in soil, 3 times foraging on ground, 3 times Under stone, 2 times nbp, 2 times Sobremelia azedarach, 2 times on the ground, 2 times on ground, 1 times Nido, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 37 times Hand, 31 times search, 2 times by hand, 1 times Manual catch, 1 times pitfall.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 2067 meters, 513 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1904-06-25 and 2020-08-14

Type specimens: Lectotype of Messor structor clivorum: casent0904134; neotype of Messor structor: casent0922404; syntype of Messor structor striaticeps sevani: casent0916939; syntype of Messor structor striaticeps turanica: casent0916940; syntype of Messor barbarus rufitarsis gallica: casent0904131; syntype of Messor barbarus structor korborum: casent0904133; syntype of Messor barbarus structor romana: casent0913227, casent0913228; syntype of Messor rufitarsis darianus: casent0913229; unpublished name: Messor structor transversus: casent0913230



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