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Species: Mesoponera elisae   (Forel, 1891) 

Classification:
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See Also:

Mesoponera elisae divaricata, Mesoponera elisae redbankensis, Mesoponera elisae rotundata

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 3 valid subspecies

Ponera elisae Forel, 1891c PDF: 221, pl. 5, fig. 10 (w.) MADAGASCAR. Malagasy. Primary type information: Madagascar, Antananarivo, Andrangoloaka, coll. Sikora; CASENT0101027; MHNG AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as elizae by Arnold, 1915: 70.].
Combination in Euponera (Xiphopelta): Forel, 1913k PDF: 206.
Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, 1995a: 305.
Status as species: Forel, 1892l PDF: 520; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 39; Emery, 1911e PDF: 81; Wheeler, 1922: 1008; Santschi, 1935b: 260 (in key); Bernard, 1953b PDF: 192 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 305.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Malagasy

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in primary forest, 2 times found in Miombo woodland/forest, 2 times found in Rand Highveld Grassland, rocky ridge, 2 times found in grassland, 3 times found in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld, 2 times found in Sclerocarya - Bolusanthus Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 3 times found in Lydenburgia - Euclea Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 2 times found in Sekhukhune Montane Grassland, 1 times found in Lydenburgia - Vitex Open Woodland on hillslope (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 2 times found in Euclea-Seersia Open Shrubland (in Sekhukhune Plains Bushveld), ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times leaf litter, 1 times ground forager(s).

Collected most commonly using these methods: 17 times Hand collected, 4 times Winkler, 7 times Pitfall trap, 1 times Hand collected, under rock.

Elevations: collected from 20 - 1490 meters, 812 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1991-01-04 and 2016-03-03

Type specimens: syntype (?) of Ponera elisae: casent0915662; syntype of Ponera elisae: casent0101027, casent0101031, casent0101032, casent0101033



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