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Species: Mesoponera caffraria   (Smith, 1858) 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 2 valid subspecies

Ponera caffraria Smith, 1858a PDF: 91 (q.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: holotype queen. Type-locality: South Africa: Port Natal (= Durban), “56/63” (Plant). Type-depository: BMNH. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as caffra by Santschi, 1914d PDF: 315.]
Forel, 1913a PDF: 108 (w.); Arnold, 1915: 65 (w.m.); Emery, 1899f: 5 (l.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1971b PDF: 1206 (l.)
Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, 1995a: 303.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Botswana, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 18 times found in Grassland, 1 times found in montane rainforest, 4 times found in Savanna, 5 times found in Euclea-Seersia Open Shrubland (in Sekhukhune Plains Bushveld), 2 times found in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld, 6 times found in Kathu Bushveld, dominated by Tarchonanthus camphoratus, 5 times found in Tropical Forest, 5 times found in Lydenburg Montane Grassland, 4 times found in Gallery For., 3 times found in Sekhukhune Montane Grassland, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times ex rotten log, 4 times Leaf litter, 2 times under stone, 1 times Under rotten log, 2 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times Rocky outcrop, 1 times nest under stone, 1 times sifted litter, 1 times On tree trunk, 1 times Nest und.stone, 1 times Nest und. stone, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 35 times Pitfall trap, 17 times Hand collected, 8 times Winkler, 5 times Pitfall trap, 5 days, 4 times Hand, 5 times Malaise, 4 times Pitfall, 1 times 10 Maxi Winkler, mixed sample, 1 times Pitfall, Baits, Litter sieving/Winkler, Aspirator, 1 times 6L sifted litter, extracted in Winkler sack over 12 + 24 hours, 1 times Preliminary, ...

Elevations: collected from 10 - 2400 meters, 1019 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1960-09-13 and 2019-11-12

Type specimens: Holotype of Ponera caffraria: casent0902479; syntype of Ponera guineensis: casent0913726, casent0915251

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