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Species: Lasius (Lasius) alienus   (Foerster, 1850) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Lasius alienus_cf

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Formica aliena Foerster, 1850a: 36 (w.m.) GERMANY. Palearctic. Primary type information: Type-material: neotype worker. Type-locality: Germany: Eifel, 37 km SE Aachen, 7.ix.1991 (Schleiden). Type-depositories: SMNG, BMNH (not specified where the neotype is deposited). (Source: Seifert, 2020a 10.25674/so92iss1pp15 PDF: 61.) Secondary type information: Paratype-material: 10 paraneotype workers. Paratype-locality: same as for neotype. (Source: Seifert, 2020a 10.25674/so92iss1pp15 PDF: 61.) AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as alineus by Pisarski & Krzysztofiak, 1981 PDF: 160.]
Combination in Lasius: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 49 (in key).
Combination in Donisthorpea: Donisthorpe, 1915f: 212.
Combination in Formicina: Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 25.
Combination in Lasius (Donisthorpea): Nadig, 1918 PDF: 340.
Combination in Acanthomyops: Ruzsky, 1925b PDF: 44.
Subspecies of Lasius niger: Forel, 1874 PDF: 46 (in key); Mayr, 1877a: 20 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 452; Mayr, 1886d PDF: 429; Forel, 1886e PDF: clxvii; Provancher, 1887: 236 (in key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 255; Forel, 1889 PDF: 256; Forel, 1890b PDF: lxvii; Emery, 1891c: 16; Forel, 1892j PDF: 307; Lameere, 1892: 64; Emery, 1893m PDF: 187 (footnote); Forel, 1894c PDF: 404; Forel, 1894d PDF: 12; Ruzsky, 1896 PDF: 71; Saunders, 1896 PDF: 25; Ruzsky, 1902a PDF: 233; Ruzsky, 1903b PDF: 306; Forel, 1904c PDF: 386; Ruzsky, 1905b: 304; Wheeler, 1906h PDF: 322; Forel, 1906b PDF: 85; Forel, 1906c PDF: 189; Wasmann, 1906 PDF: 114 (in key); Forel, 1909c PDF: 105; Yano, 1910a PDF: 421; Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 485; Forel, 1910a PDF: 23; Karavaiev, 1910 PDF: 268; Forel, 1911f PDF: 352; Karavaiev, 1912b PDF: 588; Krausse, 1912c PDF: 165; Forel, 1913d PDF: 438; Ruzsky, 1914a PDF: 61; Stitz, 1914 PDF: 84; Emery, 1914c PDF: 159; Ruzsky, 1915a PDF: 434; Forel, 1915d: 53 (in key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 240; Ruzsky, 1916: 5; Wheeler, 1916o PDF: 172; Escherich, 1917: 332 (in key); Wheeler, 1917a PDF: 525; Wheeler, 1917k PDF: 463; Nadig, 1918 PDF: 340; Santschi, 1919e PDF: 246; Menozzi, 1921 PDF: 32; Menozzi, 1922c PDF: 331; Soudek, 1922b PDF: 69; Kulmatycki, 1922 PDF: 80; Finzi, 1923a PDF: 4; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1923b PDF: 243; Emery, 1925d PDF: 230; Ruzsky, 1925a PDF: 288; Ruzsky, 1925b PDF: 44; Santschi, 1925g PDF: 349; Schkaff, 1925b PDF: 275; Soudek, 1925b PDF: 16; Santschi, 1926f PDF: 289; Menozzi, 1926b PDF: 182; Karavaiev, 1927a PDF: 300; Karavaiev, 1927d: 280 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927e PDF: 347; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927e PDF: 188; Menozzi, 1927b PDF: 91; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1928b PDF: 20; Lomnicki, 1928 PDF: 8; Wheeler, 1928c PDF: 38; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929a PDF: 27; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b PDF: 37; Karavaiev, 1930b PDF: 147; Wheeler, 1930k PDF: 80; Karavaiev, 1931e PDF: 214; Soudek, 1931 PDF: 13; Gösswald, 1932 PDF: 57; Menozzi, 1932b PDF: 311; Wheeler, 1932a PDF: 16; Arnol'di, 1933a: 603 (in key); Grandi, 1935 PDF: 103; Karavaiev, 1935b PDF: 108; Menozzi, 1936b PDF: 305; Karavaiev, 1936: 205 (redescription); Karavaiev, 1937 PDF: 175; Menozzi, 1939a PDF: 312; Morisita, 1945 PDF: 22; Ruzsky, 1946 PDF: 69; Azuma, 1951 PDF: 88; Smith, 1951c PDF: 850; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 202; Azuma, 1953 PDF: 4; Azuma, 1955 PDF: 80; Ceballos, 1956: 316.
Status as species: Schenck, 1852 PDF: 51; Mayr, 1855 PDF: 360 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b PDF: 68; Gredler, 1858 PDF: 13; Smith, 1858a PDF: 7; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 49 (in key); Roger, 1861b PDF: 165; Roger, 1863b PDF: 11; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 425; Smith, 1871c: 2; Dours, 1873 PDF: 165; André, 1874b: 180 (in key); Mayr, 1877a: 6; Emery, 1878: 47; Saunders, 1880 PDF: 209; Mayr, 1880 PDF: 26; André, 1882c PDF: 192 (in key); White, 1884 PDF: 255; Nasonov, 1889: 22; Emery, 1891c: 16; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 181; Emery, 1897g: 238; Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 16; Ruzsky, 1903c PDF: 207; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 342; Viehmeyer, 1906 PDF: 56; Emery, 1908e PDF: 24; Bondroit, 1911a PDF: 11; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 212; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 25; Crawley, 1920b PDF: 177; Müller, 1923a PDF: 74; Müller, 1923b PDF: 125; Lomnicki, 1925b PDF: 3; Betrem, 1926 PDF: 215; Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 124 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1927a PDF: 8; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 242; Finzi, 1933 PDF: 165; Stitz, 1934: 9; Zimmermann, 1935 PDF: 48; Ruzsky, 1936 PDF: 90; Finzi, 1939c PDF: 160; Stitz, 1939: 279; Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 101 (in key); Röszler, 1942a PDF: 53; Holgersen, 1943c PDF: 174 (in key); Holgersen, 1944a PDF: 180; Stärcke, 1944b PDF: 153; Van Boven, 1947b PDF: 186 (in key); Arnol'di, 1948a PDF: 212 (in list); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 419; Röszler, 1951: 91; Consani & Zangheri, 1952 PDF: 44; Wilson, 1955a PDF: 77 (redescription); Bernard, 1956b PDF: 261; Smith, 1958c PDF: 147; Bernard, 1959a PDF: 351; Carter, 1962a PDF: 7 (in list); Dlussky, 1962 PDF: 182; Baroni Urbani, 1964a PDF: 7; Baroni Urbani, 1964b PDF: 63; Baroni Urbani, 1964c PDF: 166; Cagniant, 1964 PDF: 92; Cagniant, 1966b PDF: 281; Beck et al., 1967: 70; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 356 (redescription); Smith, 1967a PDF: 367; Baroni Urbani, 1968e PDF: 488; Cagniant, 1968a PDF: 146; Kutter, 1968b PDF: 61; Baroni Urbani, 1969e PDF: 334; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 79; Pisarski, 1969a PDF: 231; Pisarski, 1969b: 306; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1970 PDF: 87; Cagniant, 1970c PDF: 38; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 200; Collingwood, 1971 PDF: 165; Bourne, 1973 PDF: 24; Baroni Urbani, 1974a PDF: 238; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 7 (in key); Hunt & Snelling, 1975 PDF: 22; Pisarski, 1975: 34; Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 138 (redescription); Collingwood, 1976a PDF: 305; Aktaç, 1977 PDF: 126; Azuma, 1977a PDF: 117; Van Boven, 1977 PDF: 144; Francoeur, 1977b PDF: 207; Kutter, 1977c: 227; Yensen et al., 1977 PDF: 184; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 555 (in key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 89 (in key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1978b PDF: 393; Smith, 1979: 1435; Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 97; Yamauchi, 1979 PDF: 156; Onoyama, 1980a PDF: 199; Collingwood, 1981 PDF: 27; Dlussky, 1981b PDF: 17; Pisarski & Krzysztofiak, 1981 PDF: 160; Schembri & Collingwood, 1981 PDF: 438; Allred, 1982: 479; Collingwood, 1982 PDF: 285; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 65; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 58; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 282 (in key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 70; DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 149; Kugler, 1988: 259; MacKay et al., 1988: 118; Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF: 99; Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 218; Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 159; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990c PDF: 428; Le Moli & Rosi, 1991: 36; Morisita et al., 1991: 27; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 237; Blacker, 1992 PDF: 9; Seifert, 1992b PDF: 13 (redescription); Wu & Wang, 1992c PDF: 1312; Collingwood, 1993b PDF: 195; Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 116; Radchenko, 1994b: 115 (in key); Wheeler et al., 1994 PDF: 307; Bolton, 1995b: 221; Douwes, 1995: 94; Poldi et al., 1995: 7; Tang et al., 1995: 108; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 155; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 28; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 23 (in key); Gallé et al., 1998: 216; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 105; Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 379; Zhang & Zheng, 2002 PDF: 219; Deyrup, 2003 PDF: 45; Imai et al., 2003 PDF: 63; Karaman & Karaman, 2003 PDF: 52; Coovert, 2005 PDF: 120; Csosz & Markó, 2005 PDF: 230; Karaman & Karaman, 2005 PDF: 56; MacGown & Forster, 2005 PDF: 64; Ward, 2005 PDF: 64; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 148; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 68; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 69, 107 (in key); Schultz et al., 2006 PDF: 205; Zhou, 2006 PDF: 587; Bračko, 2007 PDF: 20; Seifert, 2007: 272; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 153; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 234; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 136; Paknia et al., 2008 PDF: 154; Borowiec et al., 2009 PDF: 378; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 483; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 35; Boer, 2010: 42; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 58; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 86; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 26; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 498; Czechowski et al., 2012: 263; Ellison et al., 2012: 189; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 32; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 11; Bharti & Gul, 2013a PDF: 57 (in key); Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 83; Tohmé & Tohmé, 2014 PDF: 139; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 27; Lebas et al., 2016: 210; Radchenko, 2016: 362; Seifert & Galkowski, 2016 10.11646/zootaxa.4132.1.4 PDF: 52 (in key); Deyrup, 2017: 206; Steiner et al., 2017: 10; Borowiec & Salata, 2018a 10.5281/zenodo.1481802 PDF: 6; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 45; Schär et al., 2018 10.1111/jbi.13380 PDF: 6; Seifert, 2018: 268; Werner et al., 2018 PDF: 6; Rasheed et al., 2019 10.13102/sociobiology.v66i3.4330 PDF: 430; Seifert, 2020a 10.25674/so92iss1pp15 PDF: 61.
Material of the unavailable name Lasius niger alienus alienoamericanus referred here by Wilson, 1955a PDF: 77; Smith, 1958c PDF: 147; Smith, 1979: 1435.
Material of the unavailable names Lasius niger alienus flavidus, Lasius niger alienus turkmenus referred here by Wilson, 1955a PDF: 77; Smith, 1979: 1435; Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 159.
Material of the unavailable name Lasius niger alienus pilicornis referred to Lasius niger by Wilson, 1955a PDF: 59; Smith, 1979: 1436; referred to Lasius alienus by Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 159.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, United States
    Asia: Armenia, China, Georgia, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, South Korea, Turkey, Turkmenistan
    Europe: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Indomalaya, Nearctic, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Nearctic, Palearctic bioregions

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Lasius alienus   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 67, (download) 67 3926
Lasius alienus   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 97-98, (download) 97-98 6175
Lasius alienus   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 155, (download) 155 21820
Lasius alienus   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Lasius alienus   Forel, A., 1894, Les formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part IV. Adjonction aux genres Camponotus, Mayr., et Polyrhachis, Shuck., Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 8, pp. 396-420: 404, (download) 404 3951
Lasius alienus nov. sp.  Andre, E., 1887, Description de quelques fourmis nouvelles ou imparfaitement connues., Revista de Entomologia 6, pp. 280-298: 288, (download) 288 6877

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 124 times found in Unknown, 52 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 34 times found in pine flatwoods, 28 times found in Pinyon-cedar woodland, 21 times found in open hardwood forest, 18 times found in beech-maple forest, 17 times found in nest in stump, brood and females in nest, mixed hardwood/pine forest, 15 times found in heathlands, 15 times found in pine/hardwood forest, 12 times found in mixed hardwood forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 88 times under rock, 81 times litter, 21 times log stage 4, 17 times under stone, 7 times nest under rock, 8 times log stage 3, 8 times under log, 7 times log stage 2, 5 times log stage 5, 1 times leaf litter on river shore, 5 times under boulder, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 95 times pitfall trap, 96 times Berlese funnel, 44 times general collecting, 21 times hand collecting, 15 times search, 13 times Manual catch, 6 times Hand, 3 times Malaise trap, 3 times Berlese, 2 times by hand, 2 times Lindgren funnel, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 3170 meters, 1597 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1877-10-05 and 2018-08-07

Type specimens: syntype of Formica aliena: casent0915591; type of Formica aliena: focol0754



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