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Species: Hypoponera distinguenda   (Emery, 1890) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Hypoponera distinguenda dispar, Hypoponera distinguenda histrio, Hypoponera distinguenda inexpedita, Hypoponera distinguenda vana

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 4 valid subspecies

Ponera distinguenda Emery, 1890b PDF: 61 (w.) VENEZUELA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Santschi, 1929d PDF: 277 (q.).
Combination in Hypoponera: Kempf, 1972b PDF: 121.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, Panama, Paraguay, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Throughout tropical South America, Central America to Guatemala. Costa Rica: throughout the country in wet forest habitats, low and middle elevations. Hitoy Cerere, Turrialba, La Selva Biological Station and north slope Volcan Barba to 800m, Monteverde (San Luis Valley), Carara, Osa.

Biology:

Natural History:

This species occurs in leaf litter on the forest floor. I know it mainly from Winkler and Berlese samples. At Sirena in Corcovado National Park, I observed 10 adults emerging from the leaf litter and attacking an earthworm that was exposed on a dead leaf.

References:

Emery, C. 1890. Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Decembre 1887 - Avril 1888). Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (6)10:55-76.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55

distinguenda (EmeryHNS 1890a).

Alto Paraná, Amambay, Caaguazú, Canindeyú, Concepción, Itapúa (ALWC, INBP, LACM, MHNG, MZSP). Literature records: “Paraguay” (s.loc.) (Emery 1890a, Forel 1895).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 311 times found in mature wet forest, 32 times found in montane wet forest, 2 times found in SSO, 6 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in CC, 1 times found in SSA, 1 times found in LOC, 5 times found in lowland rainforest, 1 times found in Puesto7,202G,10m, 1 times found in Sendero Jaguar, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 318 times ex sifted leaf litter, 33 times Hojarasca, 2 times Hojarasca., 5 times sifted litter, 1 times ex sifted litter, 1 times ex sifted leaf litter and rotten wood, 1 times Bosque Primario, Suelo, 1 times attacking annelid on ground, 1 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times litter, 1 times inside a dead tree trunk laying on soil, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 310 times miniWinkler, 21 times Winkler, 28 times Mini Winkler, 13 times Berlese, 3 times Search, 1 times berlese funnel, 1 times direct collection, 1 times flight intercept trap, 1 times Manual, 1 times 6L sifted litter, extracted in Winkler sack over 36 hours.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1520 meters, 165 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1982-01-05 and 2015-01-18

Type specimens: paratype: jtl021917



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