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Species: Hypoponera confinis   (Roger, 1860) 

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See Also:

Hypoponera confinis epinotalis, Hypoponera confinis javana, Hypoponera confinis singaporensis

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 3 valid subspecies

Ponera confinis Roger, 1860 PDF: 284 (w.) SRI LANKA. Indomalaya. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated, “a great number”). Type-locality: Sri Lanka (“Ceylon”): (no further data) (H. Nietner). Type-depository: unknown (perhaps DEIE or MNHU). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Status as species: Roger, 1863b PDF: 16; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 448; Emery, 1895n: 63; Mayr, 1897 PDF: 422; Forel, 1900f PDF: 327; Emery, 1900b PDF: 316 (in key); Forel, 1901c: 8; Dahl, 1901 PDF: 19; Forel, 1902d PDF: 293; Forel, 1903a PDF: 713; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 91; Emery, 1911e PDF: 90; Forel, 1911c PDF: 215; Forel, 1912o PDF: 52; Wheeler, 1913f PDF: 233; Forel, 1913l PDF: 11; Wheeler, 1919f PDF: 57; Wheeler, 1924c PDF: 242; Wheeler, 1935g: 12; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 69; Wilson, 1958g PDF: 327; Wilson & Taylor, 1967b PDF: 26; Dlussky, 1994a: 53; Bolton, 1995b: 213; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 40; Tiwari, 1999 PDF: 29; Wetterer, 2002 PDF: 128; Wetterer & Vargo, 2003 PDF: 416; Clouse, 2007b PDF: 263; Framenau & Thomas, 2008 PDF: 77; Zhou & Ran, 2010: 104; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 59; Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 148; Sarnat et al., 2013 PDF: 73; Bharti et al., 2015 PDF: 42 (redescription); Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 51; Dias et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.967.54432 PDF: 110.
[Note: Hypoponera confinis as an erroneous synonym of Prionopelta simillima (Smith, 1860): Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 42 (error); Emery, 1893g PDF: 190 (error); Tiwari, 1999 PDF: 29 (error).]
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka
    Oceania: Fiji, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia, Indomalaya, Oceania

Distribution Notes:

India, Sri Lanka, Samoa

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 4 times found in primary rainforest, 1 times found in secondary forest, 1 times found in farm, 1 times found in old growth beginning of zone UP2H; Camponotus maculates-group nest same stick in trail, as T. albipes nest, lots of T. albipes.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times foraging in log, 1 times in log, 1 times sifted leaf litter, 1 times 1 square meter of sifted leaf litter, 1 times under bark of rotten branch, 1 times sifted litter, 1 times rotting wood, 1 times old growth beginning of zone UP2H; Camponotus maculates-group nest same stick in trail, as T. albipes nest, lots of T. albipes, 1 times from bird's nest fern.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 2 times H, 1 times hand collected, 1 times winkler, 2 times Davis sifting>hand collected|aspirator, 1 times hand, 1 times L, 1 times Plot-2, 1 times Berlese extract.

Elevations: collected from 70 - 420 meters, 286 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1916-10-01 and 2015-04-19

Type specimens: Not Provided: casent0186296, casent0186509, casent0186525, casent0186533, casent0187647, casent0187684, casent0187743, casent0187763, casent0248858, casent0741857, casent0741858; syntype of Ponera convexiuscula nautarum: casent0915191; syntype of Ponera trigona convexiuscula nautarum: casent0902565

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