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Mexico to tropical South America (Lattke 1995). Costa Rica: La Selva and Osa Peninsula.
This species inhabits lowland rainforest, and is known from isolated workers, usually encountered in fresh treefalls or Malaise traps. Relative to the morphologically similar G. tornata, it appears to be more arboreal. In contrast to G. tornata, G. sulcata is rarely collected in Winkler samples.
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. II. Tribe Ectatommini (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 118:175-362.
Gentry, A. H. 1990. Herbarium taxonomy versus field knowledge; is there an attainable solution? Flora Malesiana Bulletin Special Volume 1:31-35.
Lattke, J. E. 1995. Revision of the ant genus Gnamptogenys in the New World (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 4:137-193.
Smith, F. 1858. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the British Museum. VI. Formicidae. 216pp., 14 pls.
Central, Guairá, Misiones, Pte. Hayes (ALWC, IFML, INBP).
Found most commonly in these habitats: 3 times found in lowland tropical rain forest, 5 times found in rainforest, 3 times found in tropical wet forest, 2 times found in rainforest edge, 2 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in Primary forest and second growth habitats, 1 times found in 2nd growth veg., 1 times found in 2º tropical rainforest, 1 times found in cerrado, 1 times found in second-growth rainforest edge, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times on low vegetation, 5 times Malaise trap, 2 times stray foragers, 2 times beating vegetation, 1 times foragers on ground, 1 times decaying palm fruit stalk & sub-litter on ground, 1 times beating veg., 1 times strays, 1 times on garden path, 1 times LeafLitter, 1 times ground foragers, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 7 times Malaise, 3 times hand collecting, 3 times beating, 3 times Search, 2 times direct collection, 1 times Winkler, 1 times Winkler48h, 1 times beating vegetation (1 hour), 1 times beating vegetation (15 minutes), 00 am-12 times beating vegetation, 11, 1 times Berlese, ...
Elevations: collected from 5 - 1260 meters, 402 meters average
Collect Date Range: collected between 1936-07-20 and 2018-08-24
Type specimens: syntype of Ectatomma sulcatum cearensis: casent0907190; syntype of Gnamptogenys lineata: casent0915918; syntype of Gnamptogenys sulcata: casent0900550; syntype of Ponera tornata: casent0915919; type of Ponera tornata: focol0880, focol0881, focol0882