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Species: Formica cunicularia   Latreille, 1798 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Formica cunicularia_cf

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Formica cunicularia Latreille, 1798 PDF: 40 (w.q.m.) FRANCE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Note: Stephens, 1829b: 357, and Mayr, 1863a PDF: 414, give Formica cunicularia as senior synonym, but Formica rufibarbis has priority.]
Status as species: Latreille, 1802a PDF: 151; Walckenaer, 1802: 161; Latreille, 1817a: 98; Stephens, 1829b: 357; Brullé, 1833 PDF: 327; Losana, 1834 PDF: 316; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 203; Nylander, 1846a PDF: 913; Foerster, 1850a: 25; Smith, 1851 PDF: 2; Schenck, 1852 PDF: 40; Mayr, 1855 PDF: 342 (redescription); Smith, 1855a PDF: 103; Nylander, 1856b PDF: 64; Gredler, 1858 PDF: 8; Smith, 1858a PDF: 5; Roger, 1859 PDF: 235; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 47 (in key); Meinert, 1861 PDF: 314; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 413; Smith, 1871c: 1; Dours, 1873 PDF: 165; Saunders, 1880 PDF: 206; White, 1884 PDF: 252; Yarrow, 1954a PDF: 231; Baroni Urbani, 1964b PDF: 63; Baroni Urbani, 1964c PDF: 167; Cagniant, 1964 PDF: 92; Dlussky, 1965a PDF: 37 (in key); Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 73; Pisarski, 1967a PDF: 416; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 296 (redescription); Kutter, 1968b PDF: 61; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 89; Cagniant, 1970c PDF: 38; Pisarski, 1970a PDF: 323; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1970 PDF: 88; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 234; Collingwood, 1971 PDF: 170; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971 PDF: 166 (redescription); Banert & Pisarski, 1972 PDF: 355; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 6 (in key); Pisarski, 1975: 44; Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 184; Aktaç, 1977 PDF: 127; Van Boven, 1977 PDF: 164; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 94 (in key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 553 (in key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 127; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 59; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 286 (in key); Wu, 1990 PDF: 4, 6 (in key); Le Moli & Rosi, 1991: 37; Wu & Wang, 1992c PDF: 1311; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 267; Radchenko, 1994b: 114 (in key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 93; Douwes, 1995: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 193; Poldi et al., 1995: 8; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 146; Tang et al., 1995: 103; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 27; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 26 (in key); Gallé et al., 1998: 217; Collingwood & Heatwole, 2002 PDF: 13; Chang & He, 2002a PDF: 52 (in key); Zhang & Zheng, 2002 PDF: 218; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 85; Karaman & Karaman, 2003 PDF: 48; Csosz & Markó, 2005 PDF: 233; Karaman & Karaman, 2005 PDF: 59; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 147; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 67; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 70, 112 (in key); Schultz et al., 2006 PDF: 205; Bračko, 2007 PDF: 19; Seifert, 2007: 301; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 143; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 233; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 133; Paknia et al., 2008 PDF: 154; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 481; Seifert & Schultz, 2009b PDF: 261 (redescription); Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 48; Boer, 2010: 31; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 59; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 77; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 35; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 493; Czechowski et al., 2012: 217; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 31; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 10; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 73; Bračko et al., 2014 PDF: 19; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 27; Lebas et al., 2016: 186; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 45; Seifert, 2018: 307.
[Note: concerning Formica fuscorufibarbis: Seifert, 2002 PDF: 266 (in text) says this taxon is “most probably a synonym of either Formica fuscocinerea or Formica cinerea”, but type-material could not be found.]
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Morocco
    Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, China, Georgia, India, Iran, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Turkey
    Europe: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Indomalaya, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Formica cunicularia   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 127-128, (download) 127-128 6175
Formica cunicularia   Förster, A., 1850, Hymenopterologische Studien. 1. Formicariae., Aachen: Unknown Publisher: 26-28, (download) 26-28 8138
Formica cunicularia   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 155, (download) 155 21820
Formica cunicularia   Förster, A., 1850, Hymenopterologische Studien. 1. Formicariae., Aachen: Unknown Publisher: 25-26, (download) 25-26 8138
Formica cunicularia   Nylander, W., 1846, Adnotationes in monographiam formicarum borealium Europae., Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae 2, pp. 875-944: 913-915, (download) 913-915 4277
Formica cunicularia   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum: 2, (download) 2 8200
Formica cunicularia   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum: 9, (download) 9 8200

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 355 times found in Unknown, 83 times found in anthropogenic, 70 times found in dry grassland, 63 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 55 times found in heathlands, 16 times found in Forest, 13 times found in dunes & inland dunes, 7 times found in shrubs, 7 times found in Wet grassland, 5 times found in mountain deciduous forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 9 times Foraging, 8 times on the ground, 6 times ground foragers, 5 times foraging on the ground, 4 times Forrajeando, 4 times Under stone, 4 times on sandy roadside, 3 times roadside, 2 times on ground, 1 times Nido, 2 times Nest under stone, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 217 times Manual catch, 162 times Pitfall trap, 47 times search, 27 times Hand, 28 times Malaise trap, 3 times pitfall, 2 times Green color trap, 2 times White pitfall, 2 times insect net, 2 times beating, 1 times Window trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 4 - 2600 meters, 541 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1866-08-10 and 2020-08-25

Type specimens: neotype of Formica cunicularia: antweb1008392; syntype of Formica fusca fuscorufibarbis: casent0911071; syntype of Formica fusca rubescens: casent0907601, casent0911072



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