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Species: Formica candida   Smith, 1878 

Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Formica candida Smith, 1878b PDF: 11 (q.) KYRGYZSTAN. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Smith's description is repeated by Bingham, 1903 PDF: 335 (footnote).]
Junior synonym of Formica gagates: Forel, 1894c PDF: 403
Junior synonym of Formica picea Nylander, 1846: Emery, 1925d PDF: 249; Karavaiev, 1936: 231; Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61; Bolton, 1995b: 201
[Note: Formica candida junior synonym of Formica picea Nylander, 1846 (synonymy by Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61); hence Formica candida treated as first available replacement name for Formica picea Nylander, 1846 (Bolton, 1995b: 192).]
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Armenia, China, Georgia, India, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, South Korea
    Europe: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Forel, A., 1894, Les formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part IV. Adjonction aux genres Camponotus, Mayr., et Polyrhachis, Shuck., Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 8, pp. 396-420

3. F. fusca, L. Race F. gagatesHNS (Latr.)

= F. picea (Nyl.)HNS = F. glabra (W. White)HNS. = F. candida (Smith)HNS.

Lahoul, frontiere du Thibet (Major Sage), Thibet (par M. Wroughton). Identique aux individus europeens. Yarkand (Smith). La F. candida SmithHNS est evidemment une F. gagatesHNS. Race F. fuscaHNS, i. sp., L. = F. glebariaHNS, Nyl. Mussoric Hills (M. Smythies). Pachmarhi pres de Jubulpore, Inde centrale (M. Schurr). Indentique aux individus europeens. Race F. rufibarbisHNS (Fab.) = F. cuniculariaHNS (Latr.) = F. obsoletaHNS (Latr.) = F. stenopteraHNS (Foerst.) = F. fraternaHNS et F. defensorHNS (Smith?) Dharmsala (Major Sage). Lahoul, frontiere du Thibet (Major Sage), Identique aux exemplaies europeens. La F. fraterna (Smith)HNS est evidemment la F. rufibarbisHNS. La F. defensor (Smith)HNS est peut-etre la vari t suivante.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in semi-desert with F. candida, 1 times found in in pasture at edge of fir forest, 1 times found in roadside in open.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times under cardboard, 1 times ground forager(s).

Collected most commonly using these methods: 3 times search, 1 times Hand.

Elevations: collected from 66 - 3700 meters, 2232 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1960-08-09 and 2016-07-23

Type specimens: neotype of Formica candida: antweb1008387; type of Formica candida: focol0760-1, focol0760-2, focol0760-3, casent0903272

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