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Species: Eciton burchellii   (Westwood, 1842) 

Classification:
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See Also:

Eciton burchellii cupiens, Eciton burchellii foreli, Eciton burchellii parvispinum, Eciton burchellii urichi

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 4 valid subspecies

Labidus burchellii Westwood, 1842 PDF: 74, pl. 20, fig. 1 (m.) BRAZIL (São Paulo). Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: holotype male. Type-locality: Brazil: (São Paulo State), Santos, 30.x.1826 (W. Burchell). Type-depository: OXUM. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Emery, 1896g PDF: 39 (s.w.); Wheeler, 1921d PDF: 304, 307 (q.m.); Emery, 1899f: 6 (l.).
Combination in Eciton (Labidus): Emery, 1890c PDF: 39.
Combination in Eciton (Eciton): Emery, 1910b PDF: 20.
Status as species: Smith, 1859c PDF: 5; Roger, 1863b PDF: 41; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 424; Forel, 1886a PDF: 217; Emery, 1890c PDF: 39; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 1; Emery, 1894l PDF: 46; Forel, 1895b PDF: 118; Emery, 1896g PDF: 39; Forel, 1899b PDF: 23; Forel, 1899j: 273; Emery, 1900e: 176 (in key); Emery, 1906c PDF: 108; Forel, 1907h PDF: 2; Forel, 1908c PDF: 40; Forel, 1908 PDF: 346; Forel, 1909a PDF: 246; Emery, 1910b PDF: 20; Forel, 1912d PDF: 42; Mann, 1916 PDF: 420; Crawley, 1916b PDF: 368; Wheeler, 1916c PDF: 3; Wheeler, 1916f PDF: 324; Luederwaldt, 1918 PDF: 36; Santschi, 1920d PDF: 362; Wheeler, 1921d PDF: 293; Wheeler, 1922e PDF: 1; Borgmeier, 1923: 37; Wheeler, 1923a PDF: 1; Santschi, 1923c PDF: 249; Wheeler, 1925a: 2; Santschi, 1925d PDF: 222; Santschi, 1930e PDF: 82; Menozzi, 1935b PDF: 189; Eidmann, 1936a PDF: 28; Borgmeier, 1936b PDF: 53; Borgmeier, 1939 PDF: 404; Santschi, 1939f PDF: 160; Wheeler, 1943 PDF: 328; Borgmeier, 1955 PDF: 178 (redescription); Brown, 1957e PDF: 234; Kempf, 1961b PDF: 485; Kempf, 1970b PDF: 323; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 101; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1974c PDF: 169; Watkins, 1976 PDF: 9 (in key); Kempf & Lenko, 1976 PDF: 48; Watkins, 1982 PDF: 209 (in key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1984a PDF: 270; Brandão, 1991 PDF: 341; Bolton, 1995b: 184; Palacio, 1999: 152 (in key); Wild, 2007b PDF: 25; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012 PDF: 254; Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF: 109; Palacio, 2019 PDF: 600.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Paraguay: Amambay, Canindeyú, Guairá

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55

burchellii (WestwoodHNS 1842).

Amambay, Canindeyú, Guairá, “Paraguay” (s. loc.) (ALWC, BMNH, INBP, IFML, LACM, MCSN, MZSP, NHMB, NHMW). Literature records: “Paraguay” (s. loc.) (Borgmeier 1955, Santschi 1920a).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in lowland tropical rain forest, 2 times found in 2∫ cloud forest, 1 times found in pasture, 2 times found in premontane rainforest, 1 times found in bosque medio, 0 times found in in column moving across sand, 1 times found in Roadside vegetation, 3 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in premontane rainforest bordering major river, 1 times found in riparian forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times ground foragers, 2 times column on ground, 2 times swarm on ground, 4 times raiding columns, 1 times nest migration, 1 times foraging trail, 1 times Column crossing road, 1 times at night; ground foragers, 1 times foraging column, 1 times foragers, 1 times Eciton raid, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 7 times hand collecting, 9 times search, 5 times direct collection, 1 times at light, 1 times light trap, 1 times Pitfall72h, 1 times porch light, 1 times Beating.

Elevations: collected from 6 - 2050 meters, 387 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1928-11-01 and 2018-08-28

Type specimens: type of Eciton burchelli: casent0901956



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