Current View: All Antweb
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.64.2. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Species: Dorylus helvolus   (Linnaeus, 1764) 

Download Data

See Also:

Dorylus helvolus_nr, Dorylus helvolus pretoriae

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Vespa helvola Linnaeus, 1764: 412 (m.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: holotype male. Type-locality: South Africa: “Habitat ad Cap. b. spei.” (= Cape of Good Hope) (Tulbagh). Type-depository: ZMLS. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Linnaeus, 1767 PDF: 967 (w. [editor note: possibly assumed but uncertain]); Emery, 1888b PDF: 344 (q.); Arnold, 1915: 116 (s.w.q.m.).
Combination in Mutilla: Linnaeus, 1767 PDF: 967.
Combination in Dorylus (Dorylus): Emery, 1895l PDF: 714.
Status as species: Linnaeus, 1767 PDF: 967; Fabricius, 1787 PDF: 313; Gmelin, 1790 PDF: 2807; Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 365; Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 427; Gravenhorst, 1807 PDF: 287; Jurine, 1807 PDF: 281 (in text); Latreille, 1809 PDF: 124; Latreille, 1810 PDF: 437; Leach, 1815: 147; Latreille, 1817b: 555; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 228; Shuckard, 1840c PDF: 315; Westwood, 1842 PDF: 79; Smith, 1859c PDF: 1; Duméril, 1860: 901; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 408; Roger, 1863b PDF: 41; Emery, 1888b PDF: 349; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 11; Emery, 1895b PDF: 177; Emery, 1895i PDF: 17; Emery, 1895l PDF: 714; Emery, 1901l PDF: 196 (in key); Wasmann, 1904b PDF: 676; Mayr, 1907b PDF: 7; Forel, 1907h PDF: 14; Emery, 1910b PDF: 10; Forel, 1910e PDF: 4; Forel, 1913b PDF: 311; Santschi, 1914b PDF: 61; Santschi, 1914d PDF: 332; Santschi, 1914e: 14; Arnold, 1915: 116 (redescription); Wheeler, 1922: 732; Prins, 1963 PDF: 97; Bolton, 1995b: 179; Hita Garcia et al., 2013 PDF: 204; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 71 (see note in bibliography).

Taxon Page Images:

Male Dorylus helvolus; photo by Tony Rebelo; Traveller's Rest, Cederberg, Western Cape

Dorylus helvolus workers; Photo by Johan Pretorius, Welkom, Free State

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Europe: Italy
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Santschi 1914b


Caste of types: (m)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Dorylus helvolus   Emery, C., 1895, Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3 e mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64, pp. 15-56: 3, (download) 3 3788
Dorylus helvolus   Santschi, F., 1914, Formicidae., Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911 - 1912). Résultats scientifiques. Hyménoptères 2, pp. 41-148: 61, (download) 61 8111

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 25 times found in grassland, 7 times found in maize, 6 times found in montane rainforest, 1 times found in Rand Highveld Grassland, 2 times found in Lydenburgia - Euclea Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 2 times found in Maize field, 4 times found in Valley Bushland (goat trashed), 1 times found in Acacia Closed Woodland (in Sekhukhune Plains Bushveld), 1 times found in Afromontane forest edge, 1 times found in Combretum erythrophyllum Riverine Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times leaf litter, 3 times ground forager(s), 4 times under stone, 3 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 3 times ex rotten log, 1 times Soil surface.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 13 times Hand collected, 19 times Pitfall trap, 6 times Winkler, 1 times Subterranean trap, 4 times Turning over rocks, 3 times at light, 1 times Pitfall trap 48 hours, 1 times 6L sifted litter, extracted in Winkler sack over 24 hours, 1 times Pitfalls, 1 times By Hand, 1 times Digging, ...

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1923 meters, 1124 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1880-04-30 and 2021-02-16

Type specimens: Paratype: sam-ent-011577; type of Typhlopone europaea: focol1083, focol1084, focol1085, focol1086

See something amiss? Send us an email.