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Genus: Dorylus   Fabricius, 1793 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 60 valid species, 67 valid subspecies

Dorylus Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 365. Type-species: Vespa helvola, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Dorylus in Mutillidae: Latreille, 1802b: 352 [Mutillariae]; Latreille, 1809 PDF: 123 [Mutillariae]; Latreille, 1810 PDF: 313 [Mutillariae], Latreille, 1817b: 555 [mutillaires].
Dorylus in Dorylidae: Leach, 1815: 147 [Dorylida]; Shuckard, 1840b PDF: 268 [Dorylidae]; Smith, 1859c PDF: 1 [Dorylidae]; Smith, 1871a PDF: 335 [Dorylidae].
Dorylus as genus: all authors.
[Note (i): all subgenera were given as provisional junior synonyms of Dorylus by Brown, 1973b PDF: 178-184. The list was repeated in Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 11 with all subgenera listed as junior synonyms (copied by Tang et al., 1995). The taxa reverted to subgeneric status in Bolton, 1994: 35; Bolton, 1995b: 27, pending revision, and were formally synonymised by Borowiec, 2016 10.3897/zookeys.608.9427 PDF: 112.]
[Note (ii): world list of species in former subgenus Dorylus (Dorylus): Emery, 1910b PDF: 9; Bolton, 1995b: 181.]
Dorylus catalogues: Mayr, 1863a PDF: 394, 407, 408, 453, 457 (Anomma, Dichthadia, Dorylus, Rhogmus, Typhlopone); Roger, 1863b PDF: 20, 20, 41, 42, 42 (Typhlopone, Anomma, Dorylus, Rhogmus, Dichthadia); Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 465 (Europe Typhlopone); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 8, 8, 9 (Rhogmus, Anomma, Dorylus); Emery, 1910b PDF: 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14 (Dorylus (Dichthadia), Dorylus (Dorylus), Dorylus (Anomma), Dorylus (Typhlopone), Dorylus (Rhogmus), Dorylus (Alaopone)); Wheeler, 1922: 727, 735, 742, 745, 747 (Afrotropical Dorylus (Dorylus), Dorylus (Anomma), Dorylus (Typhlopone), Dorylus (Rhogmus), Dorylus (Alaopone)); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 9 (Asia); Bolton, 1995b: 177; Borowiec, 2016 10.3897/zookeys.608.9427 PDF: 121 (species checklist); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 269 (Afrotropical checklist).
Genus Dorylus references
Shuckard, 1840a PDF: 195 (genera key); Savage, 1849 PDF: 201 (w–m association); Smith, 1858a PDF: 110, 112 (Typhlopone, Anomma diagnoses); Mayr, 1861 PDF: 52 (Typhlopone diagnosis); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 16, 17 (Dorylinae, Typhlopone, Anomma, Dorylus, Rhogmus, Dichthadia diagnoses); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 91 (Typhlopone diagnosis); Forel, 1878c PDF: 365 (diagnosis); André, 1882d PDF: 251 (Europe & Algeria species key); Emery, 1895l PDF: 699, 701, 706; 764 (diagnosis genus, subgenera, all species key; diagnoses subfamily & tribe); Forel, 1901a PDF: 462 (subgenera key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 2 (diagnosis, India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Ashmead, 1906 PDF: 22, 25, 26 (subfamilies, tribes & genera keys); Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 137 (diagnosis); Emery, 1910b PDF: 4 (diagnosis, tribes, key); Santschi, 1912b PDF: 154 (D. (Anomma) species key); Arnold, 1915: 113, 114, 115 125, 129, 133 (tribes key, Dorylus subgenera key, South Africa D. (Dorylus) species key, D. (Typhlopone), D. (Rhogmus), D. (Alaopone)); Forel, 1917 PDF: 239 (synoptic classification); Santschi, 1919b PDF: 231 (D. (Rhogmus) males key; Forel, 1921c: 135 (diagnosis); Wheeler, 1922: 39, 41, 633 (subfamily & genus diagnoses, tribes & subgenera key); Morley, 1939 PDF: 114 (phylogeny); Santschi, 1939a PDF: 152 (D. (Alaopone) species, males key); Brown & Nutting, 1950 PDF: 123 (venation & phylogeny); Brown, 1954e PDF: 28 (phylogeny); Raignier & Boven, 1955: 86, 114 (D. (Anomma) species key); Borgmeier, 1955 PDF: 57 (tribes key); Eisner, 1957 PDF: 478 (proventriculus morphology); Wilson, 1964a PDF: 436 (Indo-Australian species key); Gotwald, 1969b PDF: 49 (mouthparts morphology); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1972a PDF: 36 (diagnosis); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 265 (Neotropical, synoptic classification); van Boven, 1972 PDF: 142 (D. (Anomma) queens key; Brown, 1973b PDF: 166 (genera & distribution); Van Boven, 1975 PDF: 196 (D. (Dorylus) queens key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1976b PDF: 46 (larvae, review & synthesis); Smith, 1979: 1326 (North America); Gotwald & Burdette, 1981 PDF: 78 (phylogeny); Snelling, 1981: 390 (synoptic classification); Gotwald & Schaefer, 1982 PDF: 187 (D. (Anomma) morphology); Gotwald, 1982: 168 (Dorylus subgenera key); Barr & Gotwald, 1982: 2652 (phenetic affinities of males); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1985b PDF: 256 (synoptic classification); Billen, 1986b: 168 (Dufour's gland); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 79 (synoptic classification); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 9 (synoptic classification, world genera, keys); Bolton, 1990c PDF: 1357 (diagnosis, morphology, phylogeny); Baroni Urbani et al., 1992 PDF: 316 (phylogeny); Xu, 1994a: 118 (China species key); Bolton, 1994: 35 (diagnosis, synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1049 (census); Hölldobler et al., 1996: 158 (metatibial gland); Perfilieva, 2002 PDF: 1239 (venation); Brady, 2003 PDF: 6575 (phylogeny); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 36, 147 (diagnosis, synopsis); Brady & Ward, 2005 PDF: 593 (phylogeny); Moreau et al., 2006 PDF: 102 (phylogeny); Brady et al., 2006 PDF: 18173 (phylogeny); Ward, 2007c PDF: 555 (classification); Keller, 2011 PDF: 1 (morphology, phylogeny); Brady et al., 2014 10.1186/1471-2148-14-93 PDF: 4 (phylogeny); Eguchi et al., 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3860.1.1 PDF: 21 (diagnosis, Vietnam synopsis); Borowiec, 2016 10.3897/zookeys.608.9427 PDF: 112, 117 (diagnosis, species groups); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 268 (diagnosis); Boudinot et al., 2021 10.1002/jmor.21410 PDF: 1 (male head anatomy, head evolution, sexual dimorphism in Dorylus helvolus).

Taxon Page Images:



Driver ants (Dorylus subgenus Anomma) are among Africa's most visible insects. Here, soldiers stand guard along a foraging trail. Kibale Forest, Uganda.
Image © Alex Wild.

Overview:

Dorylus orientalis in kerala

// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam
    Europe: Balearic Islands, Italy, Slovenia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Dorylus   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 153, (download) 153 21820
Dorylus   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 155, (download) 155 21820
Dorylus   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 41-42, (download) 41-42 20597


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