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Species: Diacamma rugosum   (Le Guillou, 1842) 

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See Also:

Diacamma rugosum anceps, Diacamma rugosum andamane, Diacamma rugosum arcuatum, Diacamma rugosum balinense, Diacamma rugosum birmanum, Diacamma rugosum brevispinum, Diacamma rugosum celebense, Diacamma rugosum doveri, Diacamma rugosum gibbosum, Diacamma rugosum hortense, Diacamma rugosum javanum, Diacamma rugosum jerdoni, Diacamma rugosum latispinum, Diacamma rugosum lombokense, Diacamma rugosum longiceps, Diacamma rugosum nitidiventre, Diacamma rugosum oblicum, Diacamma rugosum ovale, Diacamma rugosum pubescens, Diacamma rugosum rothneyi, Diacamma rugosum sculptum

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 21 valid subspecies

Ponera rugosa Le Guillou, 1842 PDF: 318 (w.) BORNEO. Indomalaya. Primary type information: Type-material: holotype worker. Type-locality: Borneo (no further data). Type-depository: MNHN. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Ogata, 1987a PDF: 111 (m.)
Combination in Diacamma: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 718.
Status as species: Smith, 1859a PDF: 142; Roger, 1860 PDF: 305; Roger, 1861b PDF: 167; Mayr, 1862 PDF: 718; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 407; Roger, 1863b PDF: 16; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 65; Mayr, 1867a PDF: 86 (redescription); Smith, 1871a PDF: 321, 323; Mayr, 1872 PDF: 149; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 29; Emery, 1897h: 153; Forel, 1900f PDF: 319; Emery, 1901h PDF: 113; Forel, 1909i PDF: 221; Wheeler, 1909d PDF: 338; Emery, 1911e PDF: 66; Wheeler, 1919f PDF: 53; Wheeler, 1923c PDF: 1; Wheeler, 1924c PDF: 242; Stitz, 1925c PDF: 111; Wheeler & Chapman, 1925 PDF: 62; Karavaiev, 1925b PDF: 116; Karavaiev, 1926d PDF: 417; Wheeler, 1927b PDF: 42; Wheeler, 1927h PDF: 84; Karavaiev, 1935a PDF: 60; Teranishi, 1940: 65; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 55; Wilson, 1958g PDF: 368; Baltazar, 1966 PDF: 242; Wu & Wang, 1992c PDF: 1301; Radchenko, 1993a PDF: 80; Bolton, 1995b: 170; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 43; Tang et al., 1995: 34; Tiwari, 1999 PDF: 25; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000 PDF: 274; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 45; Lin & Wu, 2003: 67; Ghosh et al., 2005 PDF: 7; Jaitrong & Nabhitabhata, 2005 PDF: 19; Mohanraj et al., 2010 PDF: 6; Pfeiffer et al., 2011 PDF: 55; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 58; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 50; Jaitrong et al., 2016 PDF: 42; Dias et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.967.54432 PDF: 107.
Senior synonym of Diacamma smithi: Wilson, 1958g PDF: 368; Bolton, 1995b: 170; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 46.
Senior synonym of Diacamma striata: Wilson, 1958g PDF: 368; Bolton, 1995b: 170; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 45.
Material of the unavailable name Diacamma rugosum sculpturatum pulchellum referred here by Wilson, 1958g PDF: 368.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
    Oceania: Papua New Guinea
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia, Indomalaya

Distribution Notes:

Borneo, New Guinea, Indonesia, Singapore, India, Philippines, China, Java, Sumatra, Sri Lanka

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776

1. D. rugosumHNS Le Guillou.

Manilla (M. C. Vienn., Novara, in meiner Sammlung von den Herren Prof. Heer und Dr. Sichel).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in lowland wet forest, 1 times found in Patch of rainforest on coffee farm.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times litter, 1 times nest under matted epiphyte roots.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 3 times search, 2 times Winkler, 1 times Pitfall.

Elevations: collected from 26 - 558 meters, 226 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1875-02-01 and 2014-07-22

Type specimens: Holotype of Diacamma rugosum japensis: casent0900673; Holotype of Ponera geometrica: casent0901342; Holotype of Ponera sculpturata: casent0901343; Holotype of Ponera vagans: casent0901344; Homotype of Diacamma rugosum geometricum paralleliruga: casent0916815; syntype of Diacamma rugosum: casent0913723; syntype of Diacamma rugosum geometricum horizontalis: casent0916817; syntype of Diacamma rugosum divergens: casent0903876; syntype of Diacamma rugosum pubescens: casent0903877; syntype of Diacamma vagans papuanum: casent0915179; syntype of Diacamma versicolor: casent0900672; syntype of Diacamma bispinosum saussurei: casent0907220; syntype of Diacamma rugosum geminatum: casent0903878; syntype of Ponera tortuolosa: casent0901345; topotype of Ponera sculpturata: casent0916812; type of Diacamma rugosum subsp. sculpturatum var. macreta: focol0404, focol0405, focol0406; type of Diacamma vagans frontalis: focol0942; type of Diacamma vagans papuanum: focol0943, focol0944, focol0945; type of Ponera geometrica: focol0938, focol0939, focol0940; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Diacamma rugosum sculpturata convexa: casent0915177; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Diacamma rugosum sculpturata oblica: casent0915178; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Diacamma rugosum sculpturatum pubescens: casent0915653; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Diacamma rugosum vagans tonkina: casent0915180

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