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Species: Carebara affinis   (Jerdon, 1851) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Carebara affinis javana, Carebara affinis minor, Carebara affinis spinosior, Carebara affinis sumatrensis

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 4 valid subspecies

Oecodoma affinis Jerdon, 1851 PDF: 110 (s.w.) INDIA (Karnataka/Kerala; “Malabar”). Indomalaya. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype major and minor workers (numbers not stated). Type-locality: India: (no further data), “very common in Malabar” (T.C. Jerdon). Type-depository: unknown (no type-material known to exist). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Duplicated in Jerdon, 1854a PDF: 51. Genus misspelled as Ocodoma in both publications.]
Combination in Pheidole: Smith, 1858a PDF: 174.
Combination in Pheidologeton: Roger, 1863b PDF: 30.
Combination in Carebara: Fischer et al., 2014 PDF: 71.
Status as species: Smith, 1858a PDF: 174; Roger, 1863b PDF: 30; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 440; Smith, 1871a PDF: 331; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 72; Emery, 1893g PDF: 208 (redescription); Emery, 1893i PDF: 261; Emery, 1895m: 466; Emery, 1897: 568; Emery, 1900: 688; Forel, 1901c: 14; Dahl, 1901 PDF: 19; Emery, 1901i PDF: 567; Forel, 1903a PDF: 691; Rothney, 1903: 98; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 164; Forel, 1903f PDF: 405; Forel, 1905f PDF: 22; Forel, 1909i PDF: 226; Emery, 1911f PDF: 531; Forel, 1911f PDF: 386; Forel, 1912o PDF: 53; Forel, 1913g PDF: 191; Forel, 1913l PDF: 55; Viehmeyer, 1916a PDF: 136; Viehmeyer, 1916b PDF: 285; Wheeler, 1919f PDF: 85; Emery, 1924f PDF: 212; Crawley, 1924a PDF: 399; Stitz, 1925c PDF: 119; Wheeler, 1927b PDF: 45; Wheeler, 1929h PDF: 51; Karavaiev, 1930a PDF: 213; Wheeler, 1930k PDF: 68; Karavaiev, 1935a PDF: 95; Wheeler, 1935g: 27; Donisthorpe, 1943e PDF: 446; Donisthorpe, 1949h PDF: 411; Donisthorpe, 1950a PDF: 339; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 158; Baltazar, 1966 PDF: 257; Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 118; Taylor, 1991b PDF: 608; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Tang et al., 1995: 76; Zhou & Zheng, 1997b PDF: 163 (in key); Tiwari, 1999 PDF: 60; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000 PDF: 330; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 91; Lin & Wu, 2003: 65; Jaitrong & Nabhitabhata, 2005 PDF: 36; Zhou et al., 2006 PDF: 870 (in key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 156; Mohanraj et al., 2010 PDF: 7; Pfeiffer et al., 2011 PDF: 50; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 51; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 34; Jaitrong et al., 2016 PDF: 34; Akbar & Bharti, 2017 PDF: 37 (in key); Dias et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.967.54432 PDF: 63.
Senior synonym of Carebara australis: Taylor, 1991b PDF: 608; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 91.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand
    Oceania: Australia, Papua New Guinea
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia, Indomalaya

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in Rubber plantation, 7 times found in 2nd Generation Rubber plantation, 9 times found in rain forest, 11 times found in Rainforest, 5 times found in Young rain forest, 2 times found in Botanical garden rubber plantation, 3 times found in lowland wet forest, 3 times found in limestone rain forest, 3 times found in Rainforest edge, 1 times found in oil palm plantation, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times Foraging column in camp, partially covered in camp, 2 times under stone, 1 times ex sifted leaf litter, 2 times ex rotten log, 1 times nocturnal; foragers, 1 times nest under stone, 1 times nest under rotten log, 1 times Nest on bark, 1 times Megapode litter, wet season, 1 times leaf litter, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 18 times m2 Winkler sifting, 15 times Random coll. Winkler sifting, 3 times direct collection, 2 times Winkler, 2 times By Hand, 1 times pitfall, litter, 1 times Random coll. Winkler sifting,, 1 times Hand Collected, 1 times search.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1828 meters, 510 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1962-07-31 and 2014-07-01

Type specimens: Holotype of Solenopsis calida: casent0901423; Not Provided: casent0714257, casent0714258, casent0714259, casent0714260, casent0714261, casent0714262, casent0714263, casent0714264, casent0714265, casent0714266, casent0714267, casent0714268, casent0714269, casent0714270, casent0714271, casent0714272, casent0714273, casent0714274, casent0714275, casent0714276, casent0714277, casent0714278, casent0714279, casent0714280, casent0714281, casent0714282, casent0714283, casent0714284, casent0714285, casent0714286, casent0714287, casent0714288, casent0714289, casent0714290, casent0714291, casent0714292, casent0714293, casent0714294, casent0714295, casent0714296, casent0714792, casent0714793, casent0714794, casent0714795, casent0714796, casent0714797, casent0714798, casent0714799, casent0714800, casent0714801, casent0714802, casent0714803, casent0714804, casent0714805, casent0714806, casent0714807, casent0714808, casent0714809, casent0714810, casent0714811, casent0714812, casent0735713, casent0735714, casent0735715, lacment316304, lacment316450, lacment316451, lacment316452, lacment316453; syntype of Solenopsis laboriosa: casent0901419, casent0901420



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