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Species: Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) simillimus   (Smith, 1862) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Camponotus simillimus_cf, Camponotus simillimus atratior, Camponotus simillimus impatibilis, Camponotus simillimus riograndensis

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 3 valid subspecies

Formica simillima Smith, 1862b PDF: 30 (q.) PANAMA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1886h PDF: 152 (s.w.).
Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1870a PDF: 374.
Subspecies of Camponotus rubripes: Forel, 1886h PDF: 143.
Subspecies of Camponotus picipes: Emery, 1920b PDF: 233.
Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 253; Emery, 1894h PDF: 372; Santschi, 1922d PDF: 97; Emery, 1925d PDF: 82.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Panama, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Comments:

J. Longino: In Costa Rica, this species occurs in wet to moist forested habitats in the lowlands of the Pacific slope. It is a relatively common species on the Osa Peninsula and vicinity, and I have one collection from the San Luis Valley just below Monteverde. Workers are relatively common nocturnal foragers, although I have seen them during the day tending Homoptera and at extrafloral nectaries. I have seen them as army ant prey. I have seen two nests, both in rotten branches near the ground. One was on the ground and one was suspended in low vegetation. 

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215

r. C. simillimus Sm.HNS

— Deux [[ worker ]] major et deux [[ worker ]] minor du Bresil que je dois a l'obligeance de M. Mayr me montrent que cette forme n'a avec le C. herculeanusHNS que des affinites apparentes provenant de la couleur. C'est une pure race du C. rubripesHNS, voisine du C. cognatusHNS par sa taille et sa couleur. La tete est mate et ponctuee; le thorax et l'abdomen sont finement reticules ponctues. La pubescence est fort longue, surtout sur l'abdomen, plus longue meme que chez le C. sexguttatusHNS. Sur les pattes elle est entierement appliquee. Le lobe du chaperon est fort developpe, echancre sur les cotes, et a bord anterieur concave; la carene est aussi tres marquee sur toute la longueur de l'epistome. Cette race est extremement rapprochee de la race C. indianusHNS Forel, dont elle a la forme et la sculpture; " mais chez ce dernier qui est entierement d'un noir brun, la pubescence est aussi faible que chez le C. sylvaticusHNS; les poils dresses sont aussi plus grossiers, moins abondants et d'un brun fonce (d'un blanc jaunatre chez le C. simillimusHNS); les pattes sont plus fortes et un peu plus aplaties.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 9 times found in lowland rainforest, 2 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in disturbed road-edge forest, 1 times found in isolated tree in pasture, 1 times found in coffee farm, 1 times found in tropical rainforest, with big trees, probably primary, near small stream, 1 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in InsSumFor, 1 times found in mature rainforest, edge of forest near pasture and agricultural land, steep rocky terrain, 1 times found in Plateau, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 3 times ex sifted leaf litter, 3 times nocturnal foragers, 1 times on extrafloral nectaries of Passiflora, 1 times Night collecting. On vegetation., 1 times nest in rotten branch on ground, 1 times nest in dead branch, 2 times LeafLitter, 1 times ex rotten log, 1 times at night on dead heron, 1 times tending Membracidae, 1 times strays, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 7 times search, 1 times Winkler, 2 times miniWinkler, 2 times Pitfall72h, 1 times Hand, 1 times Malaise, 1 times baiting.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1210 meters, 343 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1980-07-17 and 2020-01-24

Type specimens: Holotype of Camponotus simillimus: casent0903650



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