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Species: Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) castaneus   (Latreille, 1802) 

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See Also:

Camponotus castaneus_cf

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Formica castanea Latreille, 1802a: 118, pl. 3, figs. 11, 12 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Wheeler, 1910g PDF: 321 (s.).
Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b PDF: 6; in Camponotus (Camponotus): Forel, 1914a PDF: 266; in Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex): Creighton, 1950a PDF: 375.
Senior synonym of Camponotus mellea (and its junior synonym Camponotus clarus): Mayr, 1886d PDF: 420; Forel, 1886h PDF: 141.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil, Canada, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:



Woodland, upland forest


The placement of this species in Tanaemyrmex is somewhat doubtful, as it appears much closer to Camponotus, especially C. americanus. Indeed, the status of the traditional Camponotus subgenera needs careful, worldwide revision.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 26 times found in deciduous forest, 0 times found in peripheral to cultivated cotton, 10 times found in Black Belt Prairie, 20 times found in oak-hickory forest, Black Belt Prairie, 17 times found in pine flatwoods, 5 times found in cedar glade, 0 times found in cultivated cotton, 6 times found in oak-hickory forest, 1 times found in mixed pine-hardwood forest, 0 times found in along train tracks, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times ex rotten log, 4 times under rock, 4 times under log, 2 times hardwood trees, 3 times under rock on slight slope, 2 times log stage 5, 2 times log stage 3, 2 times in sun-exposed mound formed by raised, decaying root system of fallen tree, 2 times using non-ant tunnels in log as temporary solarium, 2 times under stone, 2 times foraging on ground, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 75 times pitfall trap, 6 times Lindgren Funnel baited with Typosan, 17 times Lindgren funnel, 9 times blacklight trap, 3 times malaise trap, 3 times Lindgren Funnel baited with Typosan and alpha pinene, 4 times Lindgren Funnel baited with alpha pinene, 0 times light trap, 1 times boxtrap, 0 times brown sugar/yeast bait trap, 5 times Search, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1500 meters, 170 meters average

Type specimens:

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