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Species: Camponotus (Myrmentoma) fallax   (Nylander, 1856) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Formica fallax Nylander, 1856b PDF: 57 (s.w.) FRANCE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Roger, 1859 PDF: 230 (q.m.).
Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 36 (in key).
As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1925d PDF: 118.
Subspecies of Camponotus caryae: Wheeler, 1917c PDF: 27; Wheeler, 1917k PDF: 466 (in text); Donisthorpe, 1927c: 403; Karavaiev, 1927a PDF: 295; Karavaiev, 1936: 188 (redescription); Karavaiev, 1937 PDF: 175.
Status as species: Smith, 1858a PDF: 11; Roger, 1859 PDF: 230; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 36 (in key); Emery, 1869b PDF: 2; Wheeler, 1910i PDF: 217 (redescription); Wheeler, 1913d PDF: 117; Forel, 1914a PDF: 266; Forel, 1915d: 67 (in key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 226; Wheeler, 1916r: 600; Wheeler, 1917a PDF: 558; Escherich, 1917: 330 (in key); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 71; Soudek, 1922b PDF: 94; Müller, 1923b PDF: 160; Finzi, 1924a PDF: 14; Soudek, 1925b PDF: 15; Karavaiev, 1927d: 277 (in key); Lomnicki, 1928 PDF: 10; Arnol'di, 1933a: 601 (in key); Grandi, 1935 PDF: 102; Zimmermann, 1935 PDF: 58; Teranishi, 1940: 26; Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 109 (in key); Pisarski, 1961 PDF: 167; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 342 (redescription); Kutter, 1968b: 60; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 81; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 190; Collingwood, 1971 PDF: 163; Banert & Pisarski, 1972 PDF: 353; Pisarski, 1975: 31; Hamann & Klemm, 1976 PDF: 674; Kutter, 1977c: 206; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 90 (in key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 88; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 58; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 283 (in key); Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 220; Bolton, 1995b: 98; Douwes, 1995: 92; Poldi et al., 1995: 7; Cagniant, 1996b: 92; Radchenko, 1996e: 1200 (in key); Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 27; Radchenko, 1997c: 703; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 24 (in key); Gallé et al., 1998: 216; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 98; Csosz & Markó, 2005 PDF: 227; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 145; Cagniant, 2006 PDF: 194; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 66; Bračko, 2007 PDF: 19; Seifert, 2007: 267; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 143; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 233; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 131; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 479; Boer, 2010: 19; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 43; Paknia et al., 2010 PDF: 31; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 58; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 69; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 30; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 475; Czechowski et al., 2012: 247; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 6; Karaman & Aktaç, 2013 PDF: 51 (in key); Borowiec & Salata, 2013 PDF: 351; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 30; Bračko et al., 2014 PDF: 18; Lebas et al., 2016: 134; Radchenko, 2016: 332; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 43; Seifert, 2018: 260.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Europe: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Russia, Spain, Switzerland
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Mostly Centr. SLO

Biology:

Various habitats

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174

29. Camponotus fallaxHNS (Nylander, 1856)

Figs. 114, 115.

Formica fallax NylanderHNS, 1856:57.

Worker. Dark brownish red to black with legs and antennae paler; body hairs sparse; microsculpture on head and alitrunk dense, giving somewhat opaque appearance; gaster shining. Clypeus not projecting forward beyond mandibular insertions, middle of front border incised; in the larger examples the cleft is deep, giving a bidentate appearance. Mandibles broad with five distinct teeth. In profile dorsum of alitrunk rather flat, propodeum with steep descending basal face; petiole broadly oval in front view. Length: variable 4-9 mm.

Queen. Similar in appearance with long steeply descending basal face of propodeum. Length: 8-10 mm.

Male. Brownish black; clypeal emargination shallow, sometimes indistinct; petiole shallowly emarginate, low and thick in profile. Wings pale except for yellowish front border and stigma of fore-wing. Mandibles with apical tooth only. Length: 7-8 mm.

Distribution. Sweden: Vastmanland, where Forsslund (1957) found it locally in old oak trees. Very rare. - Range: Central and South Europe, Portugal to Ukraine and Morocco to Poland.

Biology. This species lives in small colonies of 30-50 individuals under bark or in dead wood of old trees up to 2 m or more above ground in open deciduous woodland or parkland. Workers forage singly and are fugitive. Alatae have been recorded in early summer, May and June.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in Pinar, 2 times found in Estanque rodeado de Q. Pyrenaica, 2 times found in garden, 1 times found in Pinus halepensis+pistacea lentiscus, 1 times found in playground in city, 1 times found in Q. pyrenaica, C. sativa, 1 times found in Quercus forest, 1 times found in Encinar (Dehesa), 1 times found in semi-open garden, 1 times found in stone wall near lake, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times Troncomuerto de pino, 2 times Agalla de cinípido, 2 times on shrubs, 1 times Sobre encina, 1 times On wooden construction, 1 times on stones under tree, 1 times Nest under bark (Q. Pyrenaica), rotten log, 1 times in large log, 1 times in grass nr. Tree, 1 times ground foragers, 1 times foraging on plant, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 8 times Hand, 8 times search, 1 times pit-fall trap.

Elevations: collected from 30 - 1300 meters, 578 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1958-03-30 and 2020-04-27

Type specimens: syntype of Camponotus marginatus ruzskyi: casent0905398



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