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Species: Bothroponera soror   (Emery, 1899) 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Ponera (Bothroponera) soror Emery, 1899d PDF: 472 (w.q.) CAMEROON. Afrotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: lectotype worker (by designation of Joma & Mackay, 2017 PDF: 43). Type-locality: lectotype Cameroon: Lolodorf [3°14'0' N; 10°44'0' E], 1895 (L. Conradt). Type-depository: MSNG. Secondary type information: Paratype-material: 8 paralectotype workers, 2 paralectotype queens. Type-locality: same as for lectotype. Type-depository: MSNG. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Joma & Mackay, 2017 PDF: 43.
Menozzi, in Eidmann, 1944 PDF: 432 (m.l.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1952c PDF: 623 (l.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1971c PDF: 390 (l.)
Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, 1995a: 309.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Bothroponera soror   Santschi, F., 1930, Description de formicides éthiopiens nouveaux ou peu connus. V., Bulletin et Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belge 70, pp. 49-77: -1, (download) -1 3641
Bothroponera soror   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 74, (download) 74 20597

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 24 times found in Primary Forest, 8 times found in mature wet forest, 10 times found in Shade coffee, 1 times found in Miombo woodland, 3 times found in Primary forest, selectively logged 60 years previously, 2 times found in rainforest, 2 times found in remnant ravine forest, 2 times found in Prim. unlog. For., 1 times found in Eucalyptus, 2 times found in Floodplain, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 14 times ex. rotten log, 1 times 0, 2 times Moist soil, 1 times nesting inside a fallen tree of Podocarpus falcatus, 4 times Litter, 4 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times Under rotten log, 1 times nest under stone, 1 times nest under bark flap, 1 times nest in soil, 1 times In rotten log, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 9 times Hand collected, 16 times Hand, 10 times search, 11 times Pitfall, Baits, Litter sieving/Winkler, Aspirator, 6 times Litter Sieving + Winkler, 8 times Winkler, 5 times Pitfall, 1 times Hand collecting at night.

Elevations: collected from 80 - 2021 meters, 988 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1895-06-01 and 2019-11-15

Type specimens: syntype of Ponera soror: casent0915671, rmcaent000017726

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