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Species: Axinidris bidens   Shattuck, 1991 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Axinidris bidens Shattuck, 1991 PDF: 111, figs. 8-10, 35 (w.) GHANA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Snelling, 2007 PDF: 557 (q.).
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Central African Republic, Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Uganda
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Snelling 2007


Caste of types: (w)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Snelling, R. R., 2007, A review of the arboreal Afrotropical ant genus Axinidris., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 551-579

Axinidris bidens ShattuckHNS

Figures 2, 12, 22

Axinidris bidens ShattuckHNS, 1991: 111 - 112; figs. 8 - 10, 35 (w). GHANA: Tafo (C. Campbell) (BMNH) examined.

Worker diagnosis. Pronotal humeri and propodeal spines each with a single long fully erect hair, mesosoma otherwise without erect hairs; antennal scape shaft without erect hairs; medial carina absent and propodeal spines distinct.

Worker measurements (mm) (n = 12). HW 0.51 - 0.62; HL 0.62 - 0.70; SL 0.42 - 0.50; EL 0.14 - 0.19; OVD 0.24 - 0.29; PNW 0.33 - 0.38; PPW 0.18 - 0.26; WL 0.79 - 0.92. Indices. CI 80 - 89; CNI 50 - 80; OI 26 - 34; SI 75 - 85.

Worker description. The worker caste has been adequately described by Shattuck (1991).

Queen measurements (mm) (n = 4). HW 0.62 - 0.63; HL 0.77 - 0.81; SL 0.50 - 0.51; EL 0.21 - 0.23; OVD 0.29 - 0.32; PNW 0.51 - 0.58; PPW 0.37; WL 1.05 - 1.17. Indices. CI 76 - 82; CNI 80; OI 33 - 38; SI 80 - 83.

Queen description. Generally similar to worker but a little larger and with more elongate head; mesosoma fully developed for flight; interocular distance 1.61 - 1.87 × EL; interocellar distance 3 × diameter of median ocellus; ocellocular distance about 6 × diameter of median ocellus; medial carina absent; sculpture and pilosity similar to those of worker; mesonotum and metanotum each with a single long erect hair on each side; gastral pilosity about as in worker, but appressed pubescence sparser; total length about 2.5 mm.

Male unknown.


In addition to the three type specimens I have examined samples from the following localities. CAMEROUN, Southwest Prov., Big Ngwandi , Rumpi Hills (LACM). CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC, Res. Dzanga-Sangha (CASC). KENYA, Kakamega Distr., Buyangu , Isecheno and Kisere , all in Kakamega Forest , 1550 - 1600 m (AKRI, LACM).


The samples from Cameroun were collected from living stems of Leonardoxa africana. At Isecheno I collected workers running on a fallen tree trunk. One colony collected at Isecheno, on 30 April 2003 from a living stem of Acanthus eminens consisted of a single queen and 44 workers in addition to 19 pupae (17 workers). Alate queens were collected from colony samples in Cameroun during the month of November. This species has been collected by Thomas Wagner while fogging Teclea nobilis, a common forest tree species. Other fogging samples, collected by W. Freund, included some from Heinsenia diervillioides, in addition to T. nobilis. These data suggest that A. bidensHNS, and probably all species of AxinidrisHNS, are able to utilize stems or branches of a wide variety of plant species as nesting sites.

Automontage images of this species (as AxinidrisHNS sp. 3) may be viewed at www. antweb. org.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in Sec. For. near river, 1 times found in Equatorial rainforest, 1 times found in garden, 1 times found in Primary forest, 1 times found in rainforest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times Covery 60%, 1 times on trees.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times Canopy fogging, 1 times hand collecting, 1 times Beat 25 sample transect, 10m, beating low vegetation, 1 times Canopy fog, 1 times ex fogging Teclea nobilis.

Elevations: collected from 420 - 1600 meters, 1107 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1975-07-29 and 2017-11-14

Type specimens: Holotype of Axinidris bidens: casent0902930

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