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Species: Anochetus graeffei   Mayr, 1870 

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Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Anochetus graeffei Mayr, 1870b PDF: 961 (w.) SAMOA. Oceania. Primary type information: Type-material: lectotype worker (by designation of Brown, 1978c PDF: 586). Type-locality: Samoa: Upolu (Gräffe?). Type-depository: NHMW. Secondary type information: Paratype-material: 3 paralectotype workers (perhaps more). Paratype-depository: NHMW. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Brown, 1978c PDF: 586.
Status as species: Mayr, 1876 PDF: 86; Emery, 1884: 378 (in key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 47; Emery, 1911e PDF: 108; Emery, 1914a PDF: 180; Forel, 1915b PDF: 35; Mann, 1919 PDF: 300; Mann, 1921 PDF: 426; Wheeler, 1924c PDF: 243; Santschi, 1928a PDF: 44; Wheeler, 1935g: 15; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 40; Wilson, 1959c PDF: 507; Wilson & Taylor, 1967b PDF: 32; Taylor, 1967b PDF: 1094; Taylor, 1976a: 80; Brown, 1978c PDF: 556, 586; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 20; Taylor, 1987a PDF: 7; Radchenko, 1993a PDF: 77; Dlussky, 1994a: 53; Bolton, 1995b: 64; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 30; Wetterer, 2002 PDF: 128; Wetterer & Vargo, 2003 PDF: 416; Jaitrong & Nabhitabhata, 2005 PDF: 12; Clouse, 2007b PDF: 261; Mohanraj et al., 2010 PDF: 6; Zhou & Ran, 2010: 103; Pfeiffer et al., 2011 PDF: 55; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 58; Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 146; Shattuck & Slipinska, 2012 PDF: 11 (redescription); Zettel, 2012 PDF: 164; Bharti & Wachkoo, 2013a PDF: 142 (in key); Sarnat et al., 2013 PDF: 73; Ramage, 2014 PDF: 151; Jaitrong et al., 2016 PDF: 40; Chen et al., 2019 10.3897/jhr.68.30784 PDF: 52 (redescription); Dias et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.967.54432 PDF: 101; Khachonpisitsak et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.998.54902 PDF: 138; Wang et al., 2022 10.20362/am.015006 PDF: 115.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Seychelles, South Africa
    Americas: Brazil
    Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
    Oceania: Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Neotropical, Oceania

Distribution Notes:



In Fiji: Anochetus graeffei is the only species of this genus known from Fiji. The single waist segment and linear trap-jaws group it together with Fijis two Odontomachus species, from which it can be separated by its smaller size, scale-shaped petiolar node lacking an apical spine, and nuchal carinae that do not converge in a V at the midline of the posterodorsal margin of head. The species is reported to be highly variable across the Pacific (Brown, 1978; Wilson, 1959b), especially with regards to the sculpturing of the first gastral tergite and color. These differences are observed in Fiji, and are particularly prominent in the queen caste. While the vast majority of the Fiji material examined is dark and smooth, there is one nest series (e.g., CASENT0186295, CASENT0186295) collected on Taveuni in which the specimens are a distinctly lighter yellow brown and the sculpturing is heavier. The sculpture of the queen is considerably more punctate on the first gastral segment than is that of the more typical Fijian morphotype, including one specimen also collected from Taveuni (CASENT0194580).
Wilson (1959b), in his remarks on the odontomachines being represented by only A. graeffei and O. simillimus on New Caledonia, suggested the species were introduced there by humans. The same may well hold true for Fiji. The species is widespread across the archipelago and is recorded from all the major islands with the exceptions of Ovalau and Gau.


Sarnat, E.M. & Economo, E.P. (In Press) Ants of Fiji. University of California Publications in Entomology. 

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Anochetus graeffei   Brown, WL Jr.,, 1978, Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography., Studia Entomologica 20, pp. 549-638: 564, (download) 564 6757
Anochetus graeffei   Brown, WL Jr.,, 1978, Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography., Studia Entomologica 20, pp. 549-638: 586-588, (download) 586-588 6757

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 18 times found in primary rainforest, 21 times found in disturbed forest, 27 times found in rainforest, 5 times found in coastal forest, 4 times found in secondary forest, 5 times found in montane rainforest, 9 times found in Dry sclerophyll, 2 times found in disturbed rainforest, 2 times found in 2ndgrowth veg., 2 times found in upland forest litter, SE edge of swamp forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 39 times sifted litter, 4 times nesting under stone, 9 times under stone, 12 times Under rock, 12 times Berlesate, 8 times Berlesate, sieved litter, 2 times ex. soil, leaf itter, decaying wood, 4 times sifted leaf litter, 5 times litter, 1 times nesting in dead log, 5 times ex sifted leaf litter, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 42 times L, 10 times H, 16 times Winkler, 19 times Davis sifting>hand collected|aspirator, 7 times Berlesate, 2 times hand collected, 4 times M, 3 times Random coll. Winkler sifting, 2 times Davis sifting>hand collected|aspirator>bait trap|peanut butter, 2 times m2 Winkler sifting, 1 times Berlese, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1219 meters, 329 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1885-12-31 00:00:00.0 and 2019-06-19 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: holotype of Anochetus amati: casent0916845; Lectotype of Anochetus graeffei: casent0915887; Not Provided: casent0171067, casent0171116, casent0186012, casent0186021, casent0186022, casent0186028, casent0186029, casent0186034, casent0186035, casent0186037, casent0186048, casent0186055, casent0186057, casent0186058, casent0186059, casent0186061, casent0186062, casent0186068, casent0186070, casent0186073, casent0186081, casent0186085, casent0186091, casent0186100, casent0186101, casent0186103, casent0186104, casent0186105, casent0186106, casent0186108, casent0186111, casent0186119, casent0186121, casent0186126, casent0186127, casent0186128, casent0186139, casent0186140, casent0186142, casent0186149, casent0186152, casent0186158, casent0186161, casent0186162, casent0186172, casent0186173, casent0186184, casent0186188, casent0186191, casent0186192, casent0186194, casent0186198, casent0186202, casent0186204, casent0186205, casent0186210, casent0186211, casent0186216, casent0186220, casent0186224, casent0186226, casent0186227, casent0186228, casent0186234, casent0186238, casent0186240, casent0186249, casent0186250, casent0186252, casent0186253, casent0186259, casent0186267, casent0186271, casent0186277, casent0186279, casent0186295, casent0186299, casent0186302, casent0186305, casent0186306, casent0186314, casent0186317, casent0186319, casent0186327, casent0186330, casent0186332, casent0186340, casent0186353, casent0186368, casent0186369, casent0186370, casent0186373, casent0186381, casent0186383, casent0186392, casent0186397, casent0186399, casent0186400, casent0186401, casent0186416, casent0186420, casent0186421, casent0186426, casent0186429, casent0186432, casent0186434, casent0186437, casent0186441, casent0186442, casent0186946, casent0194565, casent0194579, casent0194580, casent0194590, casent0248932, casent0715882, casent0715883, casent0715884, casent0715885, casent0715886, casent0715887, casent0741893, casent0741894, casent0741908, casent0741909, casent0741936, casent0741937, casent0741962, casent0741963, casent0741971, casent0753044; syntype of Anochetus minutus: casent0915156, casent0916846; syntype of Anochetus punctiventris: casent0915888; syntype of Anochetus punctiventris oceanicus: casent0916736; syntype of Anochetus punctiventris taylori: casent0907409; syntype of Anochetus punctiventris oceanicus: casent0903977; syntype of Anochetus rudis: casent0903978

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